TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Papua New Guinea Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 63.4% or about 28,726,000 ha of Papua New Guinea is forested, according to FAO. Of this 91.2% ( 26,210,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Papua New Guinea had 86,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Papua New Guinea lost an average of 139,850 ha or 0.44% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Papua New Guinea lost 8.9% of its forest cover, or around 2,797,000 ha.

Papua New Guinea's forests contain 2,306 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Papua New Guinea has some 1571 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 25.6% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 7.0% are threatened. Papua New Guinea is home to at least 11544 species of vascular plants. 0.0% of Papua New Guinea is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)433736
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)4,9714,4984,410
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)1,3351,2031,179
Total forest carbon (Mt C)6,3065,7015,589
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)147152153
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Papua New Guinea Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Papua New Guinea

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Papua New Guinea: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)45286
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)28726
Percent Forest Cover63
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)26210
Primary Forest, % total forest91
Other wooded land (1000 ha)4474
Percent other wooded land10




Papua New Guinea: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2621091
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)24308
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)86n.s.


Papua New Guinea: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
31523301332943728726
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-139-139-142
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.45-0.47-0.49


Papua New Guinea: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
31460300512934528640
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-141-141-141
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.4-0.45-0.47


Papua New Guinea: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
31329295342834426210
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-180-238-427
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.59-0.82-1.55


Papua New Guinea: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
63829286
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
22-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2.752.30-1.38


Papua New Guinea: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
250505066


Papua New Guinea: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
3970


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
00100


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
960400
Papua New Guinea: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
27269502726-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
7016


Papua New Guinea: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
2537242323652306
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
80
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-11-11-12
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Papua New Guinea: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
-100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Papua New Guinea: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
178521362832100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----


Papua New Guinea: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
9----


Papua New Guinea: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Papua New Guinea: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1991)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1991) Sub-national forest law: No

Papua New Guinea: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----33725


Papua New Guinea: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
419087552---7552-


Papua New Guinea: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Papua New Guinea: Environment
    Environment - current issuesrain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsactive volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis


    Papua New Guinea: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 0.46%
    permanent crops: 1.44%
    other: 98.1% (2001)
    Natural resourcesgold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries


    Papua New Guinea: Economy
    Economy - overview:Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood for 85% of the population. Mineral deposits, including oil, copper, and gold, account for nearly two-thirds of export earnings. The economy has improved over the past three years, following a prolonged period of instability. Former Prime Minister Mekere MORAUTA had tried to restore integrity to state institutions, to stabilize the kina, restore stability to the national budget, to privatize public enterprises where appropriate, and to ensure peace on Bougainville. Australia annually supplies $240 million in aid, which accounts for 20% of the national budget. Challenges face Prime Minister Michael SOMARE, including gaining further investor confidence, continuing efforts to privatize government assets, maintaining the support of members of Parliament, dealing with widespread crime and corruption, and balancing relations with Australia, the former colonial ruler.
    GDP - per capita$2,400 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)1.1% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscoffee, cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, tea, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, poultry, pork
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 35.2%, industry: 38.3%, services: 26.4% (2005 est.)
    Industries copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production; construction, tourism
    Economic aid - recipient$400 million (1999 est.)
    Debt - external$1.978 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)37% (2002 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 85%, industry NA, services NA


    Papua New Guinea: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)5,545,268
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.26%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)12.2
    Percent rural (2003)86.8%
    Median age (years)total: 21.09 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.96 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian


    Largest Cities in Papua New Guinea

    Cities and urban areas in Papua New Guinea with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    Port MoresbyPapua New Guinea312300312300
    LaePapua New Guinea105200105200


    Papua New Guinea: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use62,000 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular15,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 19,600 km
    paved: 686 km
    unpaved: 18,914 km (1999 est.)


    Papua New Guinea: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 64.93 years
    male: 62.76 years
    female: 67.21 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate51.45 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.6% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations (2004)

    Papua New Guinea : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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