TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Paraguay Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 44.3% or about 17,582,000 ha of Paraguay is forested, according to FAO. Of this 10.5% ( 1,850,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Paraguay had 48,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Paraguay lost an average of 178,750 ha or 0.84% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Paraguay lost 16.9% of its forest cover, or around 3,575,000 ha.

Paraguay's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Paraguay has some 1084 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.5% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.7% are threatened. Paraguay is home to at least 7851 species of vascular plants. 3.5% of Paraguay is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)322521
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)660502439
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)215163143
Total forest carbon (Mt C)875666582
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)272727
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Paraguay Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Paraguay

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Paraguay: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)39730
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)17582
Percent Forest Cover44
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)1850
Primary Forest, % total forest11
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Paraguay: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)185011
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1568489
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)48n.s.


Paraguay: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
21157193681847517582
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-179-179-179
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.88-0.94-0.99


Paraguay: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
21134193321843217534
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-180-180-180
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.9-0.85-0.93


Paraguay: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1850185018501850
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


Paraguay: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
23364348
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
4.583.622.22


Paraguay: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
n.s.n.s.11n.s.0089


Paraguay: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
39610


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Paraguay: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
-----
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Paraguay: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
----
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
-
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
---


Paraguay: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Paraguay: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
369146154651100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----


Paraguay: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
189----


Paraguay: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
544
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Paraguay: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1999) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1973) Sub-national forest law: No

Paraguay: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----37013


Paraguay: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1025982000982-


Paraguay: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Paraguay: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal pose health risks for many urban residents; loss of wetlands
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardslocal flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)


    Paraguay: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 7.6%
    permanent crops: 0.23%
    other: 92.17% (2001)
    Natural resourceshydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone


    Paraguay: Economy
    Economy - overview:Landlocked Paraguay has a market economy marked by a large informal sector. This sector features both reexport of imported consumer goods to neighboring countries as well as the activities of thousands of microenterprises and urban street vendors. Because of the importance of the informal sector, accurate economic measures are difficult to obtain. A large percentage of the population derives their living from agricultural activity, often on a subsistence basis. The formal economy grew by an average of about 3% annually in 1995-97, but averaged near-zero growth in 1998-2001 and contracted by 2.3 percent in 2002, in response to regional contagion and an outbreak of hoof-and-mouth desease. On a per capita basis, real income has stagnated at 1980 levels. Most observers attribute Paraguay's poor economic performance to political uncertainty, corruption, lack of progress on structural reform, substantial internal and external debt, and deficient infrastructure. Aided by a firmer exchange rate and perhaps a greater confidence in the economic policy of the Duarte FRUTOS administration, the economy rebounded from 2003 to 2005, posting modest growth each year.
    GDP - per capita$4,900 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)3.3% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, eggs, milk; timber
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 27.5%, industry: 24%, services: 48.5% (2005 est.)
    Industries sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power
    Economic aid - recipientNA
    Debt - external$3.535 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)32% (2005 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 45%


    Paraguay: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)6,347,884
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.48%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)16.0
    Percent rural (2003)42.8%
    Median age (years)total: 21.2 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.93 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%


    Largest Cities in Paraguay

    Cities and urban areas in Paraguay with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population


    Paraguay: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use273,200 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1,770,300 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 29,500 km
    paved: 14,986 km
    unpaved: 14,514 km (1999 est)


    Paraguay: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 74.89 years
    male: 72.35 years
    female: 77.55 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate25.63 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.5% (2003 est.)

    Paraguay : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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