TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Portugal Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 38.1% or about 3,456,000 ha of Portugal is forested, according to FAO. Of this 0.7% ( 24,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Portugal had 849,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Portugal lost an average of 6,450 ha or 0.19% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Portugal gained 3.9% of its forest cover, or around 129,000 ha.

Portugal's forests contain 102 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Portugal has some 664 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.2% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.7% are threatened. Portugal is home to at least 5050 species of vascular plants, of which 3.0% are endemic. 4.4% of Portugal is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Portugal

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Portugal: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)9068
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)3456
Percent Forest Cover38
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)24
Primary Forest, % total forest1
Other wooded land (1000 ha)155
Percent other wooded land2




Portugal: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)241
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)258375
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)84925


Portugal: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
3327342034373456
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
934
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.280.100.11


Portugal: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
3327.002644.002625.002607.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-68-68.00-4.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2.1-2.05-0.14


Portugal: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
-242424
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-00


Portugal: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
-776812849
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-77
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.910.90


Portugal: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
597503000


Portugal: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
2980


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
8955


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Portugal: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
18654919583
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
212


Portugal: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
--102102
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
30
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
--n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
--n.s.


Portugal: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
104100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
604143445184325


Portugal: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
126621095812578100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
627732732100


Portugal: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
38315420818n.s.


Portugal: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
16118
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Portugal: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2006)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1996) In implementation
National forest law (year): Incorporated in other law (1996) Sub-national forest law: Yes

Portugal: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
199218277827162336


Portugal: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
155395737963847880345985826098446


Portugal: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Portugal: Environment
    Environment - current issuessoil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Environmental Modification
    Natural hazardsAzores subject to severe earthquakes


    Portugal: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 21.75%
    permanent crops: 7.81%
    other: 70.44% (2001)
    Natural resourcesfish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower


    Portugal: Economy
    Economy - overview:Portugal has become a diversified and increasingly service-based economy since joining the European Community in 1986. Over the past decade, successive governments have privatized many state-controlled firms and liberalized key areas of the economy, including the financial and telecommunications sectors. The country qualified for the European Monetary Union (EMU) in 1998 and began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002 along with 11 other EU member economies. Economic growth had been above the EU average for much of the past decade, but fell back in 2001-05. GDP per capita stands at two-thirds that of the Big Four EU economies. A poor educational system, in particular, has been an obstacle to greater productivity and growth. Portugal has been increasingly overshadowed by lower-cost producers in Central Europe and Asia as a target for foreign direct investment. The government faces tough choices in its attempts to boost Portugal's economic competitiveness while keeping the budget deficit within the eurozone's 3%-of-GDP ceiling.
    GDP - per capita$18,400 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)0.7% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsgrain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, swine, poultry, fish, dairy products
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 5.2%, industry: 28.9%, services: 65.9% (2005 est.)
    Industries textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship construction and refurbishment; wine; tourism
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Debt - external$298.7 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 10%, industry 30%, services 60% (1999 est.)


    Portugal: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)10,566,212
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.39%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)114.9
    Percent rural (2003)45.4%
    Median age (years)total: 38.2 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.47 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal


    Largest Cities in Portugal

    Cities and urban areas in Portugal with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    Lisbon [Lisboa]Portugal5581002612300
    PortoPortugal2636001210700
    AmadoraPortugal175200175200
    BragaPortugal114300114300
    SetubalPortugal113800113800
    CoimbraPortugal102900102900
    FunchalPortugal102800102800


    Portugal: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use4,278,800 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular9,341,400 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 17,135 km
    paved: 14,736 km (including 1,659 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 2,399 km (2002)


    Portugal: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 77.53 years
    male: 74.25 years
    female: 81.03 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate5.05 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.4% (2001 est.)

    Portugal : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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