TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Puerto Rico Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 62.2% or about 552,000 ha of Puerto Rico is forested, according to FAO.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Puerto Rico lost an average of 13,250 ha or 4.62% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Puerto Rico gained 92.3% of its forest cover, or around 265,000 ha.

Puerto Rico's forests contain 28 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Puerto Rico has some 437 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 15.8% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 8.0% are threatened. Puerto Rico is home to at least 2493 species of vascular plants, of which 9.4% are endemic. 0.0% of Puerto Rico is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Puerto Rico

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Puerto Rico: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)887
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)552
Percent Forest Cover62
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Puerto Rico: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)552100
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00


Puerto Rico: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
287464508552
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1899
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
4.921.831.68


Puerto Rico: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
287464508552
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
18189
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
6.26.171.90


Puerto Rico: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Puerto Rico: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Puerto Rico: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
-------


Puerto Rico: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
---


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Puerto Rico: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
1935019-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Puerto Rico: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
14232628
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
51
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
1n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Puerto Rico: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Puerto Rico: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----


Puerto Rico: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Puerto Rico: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Puerto Rico: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): - (-)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: - (-) -
National forest law (year): - (-) Sub-national forest law: -

Puerto Rico: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Puerto Rico: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Puerto Rico: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Puerto Rico: Environment
    Environment - current issueserosion; occasional drought causing water shortages
    Environment - international agreementsperiodic droughts; hurricanes


    Puerto Rico: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 3.95%
    permanent crops: 5.52%
    other: 90.53% (2001)
    Natural resourcessome copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil


    Puerto Rico: Economy
    Economy - overview:Puerto Rico has one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region. A diverse industrial sector has far surpassed agriculture as the primary locus of economic activity and income. Encouraged by duty-free access to the US and by tax incentives, US firms have invested heavily in Puerto Rico since the 1950s. US minimum wage laws apply. Sugar production has lost out to dairy production and other livestock products as the main source of income in the agricultural sector. Tourism has traditionally been an important source of income, with estimated arrivals of nearly 5 million tourists in 1999. Growth fell off in 2001-03, largely due to the slowdown in the US economy, and has recovered in 2004-2005.
    GDP - per capita$18,500 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productssugarcane, coffee, pineapples, plantains, bananas, livestock products, chickens
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 1%, industry: 45%, services: 54% (2002 est.)
    Industries pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism
    Economic aid - recipientNA (2001)
    Debt - externalNA
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 3%, industry 20%, services 77% (2000 est.)


    Puerto Rico: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)3,916,632
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.47%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)437.2
    Percent rural (2003)3.3%
    Median age (years)total: 34.23 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.91 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)white (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%


    Largest Cities in Puerto Rico

    Cities and urban areas in Puerto Rico with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    San JuanPuerto Rico4299001991900
    BayamonPuerto Rico207300207300
    CarolinaPuerto Rico171300171300
    PoncePuerto Rico158000158000


    Puerto Rico: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use1,329,500 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1,211,111 (2001)
    Roadways (km)total: 25,328 km
    paved: 23,665 km (including 426 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 1,363 km (2004)


    Puerto Rico: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 78.29 years
    male: 74.35 years
    female: 82.43 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate8.24 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

    Puerto Rico : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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