TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Samoa Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 60.4% or about 171,000 ha of Samoa is forested, according to FAO. Samoa had 32,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Samoa lost an average of 2,050 ha or 1.58% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Samoa gained 31.5% of its forest cover, or around 41,000 ha.

Samoa's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: 0.0% of Samoa is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Samoa

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Samoa: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)283
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)171
Percent Forest Cover60
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)n.s.
Primary Forest, % total forestn.s.
Other wooded land (1000 ha)22
Percent other wooded land8




Samoa: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)n.s.n.s.
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)13981
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)3219


Samoa: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
130171171171
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
400
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2.7800


Samoa: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
130139139139
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
110
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.710


Samoa: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
-n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-00


Samoa: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
-323232
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-00


Samoa: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
4720174507


Samoa: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
21790


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Samoa: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
-----
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Samoa: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
----
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
-
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
---


Samoa: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Samoa: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
707070-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
818181-


Samoa: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Samoa: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Samoa: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): - (-)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: - (-) -
National forest law (year): - (-) Sub-national forest law: -

Samoa: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Samoa: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Samoa: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Samoa: Environment
    Environment - current issuessoil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishing
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsoccasional typhoons; active volcanism


    Samoa: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 21.2%
    permanent crops: 24.38%
    other: 54.42% (2001)
    Natural resourceshardwood forests, fish, hydropower


    Samoa: Economy
    Economy - overview:The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid, family remittances from overseas, agriculture, and fishing. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force, and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, and copra. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. The decline of fish stocks in the area is a continuing problem. Tourism is an expanding sector, accounting for 25% of GDP; about 88,000 tourists visited the islands in 2001. One factory in the Foreign Trade Zone employs 3,000 people to make automobile electrical harnesses for an assembly plant in Australia. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline, meantime protecting the environment. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively healthy state, the external debt is stable, and inflation is low.
    GDP - per capita$5,600 (2002 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)5% (2002 est.)
    Agriculture - productscoconuts, bananas, taro, yams, coffee, cocoa
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 14%, industry: 23%, services: 63% (2001 est.)
    Industries food processing, building materials, auto parts
    Economic aid - recipient$42.9 million (1995)
    Debt - external$197 million (2000)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)NA


    Samoa: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)177,287
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.23%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)60.4
    Percent rural (2003)77.7%
    Median age (years)total: 24.59 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.01 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]--> Samoa: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use11,800 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular2,700 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 790 km
    paved: 332 km
    unpaved: 458 km (1999 est.)


    Samoa: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 70.72 years
    male: 67.93 years
    female: 73.65 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate27.71 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

    Samoa : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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