TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Saudi Arabia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 0.5% or about 977,000 ha of Saudi Arabia is forested, according to FAO. Saudi Arabia's forests contain 6 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Saudi Arabia has some 636 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.4% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.4% are threatened. Saudi Arabia is home to at least 2028 species of vascular plants. 2.0% of Saudi Arabia is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Saudi Arabia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Saudi Arabia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)200000
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)977
Percent Forest Covern.s.
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)360
Primary Forest, % total forest37
Other wooded land (1000 ha)1117
Percent other wooded land1




Saudi Arabia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)36037
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)61763
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00


Saudi Arabia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
977977977977
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Saudi Arabia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
977977977977
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00.000.00


Saudi Arabia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
360360360360
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Saudi Arabia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Saudi Arabia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
000010000


Saudi Arabia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
9820


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Saudi Arabia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
88350
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
65


Saudi Arabia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
6666
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
6
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
000


Saudi Arabia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
5-


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
43--71


Saudi Arabia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
000-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
--8-


Saudi Arabia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-8---


Saudi Arabia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
111
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
111
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Saudi Arabia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2005)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2006) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2004) Sub-national forest law: No

Saudi Arabia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
1376-1376-14000


Saudi Arabia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-827310675--827310675


Saudi Arabia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Saudi Arabia: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdesertification; depletion of underground water resources; the lack of perennial rivers or permanent water bodies has prompted the development of extensive seawater desalination facilities; coastal pollution from oil spills
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsfrequent sand and dust storms


    Saudi Arabia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 1.67%
    permanent crops: 0.09%
    other: 98.24% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper


    Saudi Arabia: Economy
    Economy - overview:This is an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities. Saudi Arabia possesses 25% of the world's proven petroleum reserves, ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 75% of budget revenues, 45% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings. About 40% of GDP comes from the private sector. Roughly five and a half million foreign workers play an important role in the Saudi economy, for example, in the oil and service sectors. The government is encouraging private sector growth to lessen the kingdom's dependence on oil and increase employment opportunities for the swelling Saudi population. The government has begun to permit private sector and foreign investor participation in the power generation and telecom sectors. As part of its effort to attract foreign investment and diversify the economy, Saudi Arabia this year acceded to the WTO after many years of negotiations. With high oil revenues enabling the government to post large budget surpluses, Riyadh has been able to substantially boost spending on job training and education, infrastructure development, and government salaries.
    GDP - per capita$12,900 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)6.4% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 3.3%, industry: 74.7%, services: 21.9% (2005 est.)
    Industries crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, construction, fertilizer, plastics, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Debt - external$34.55 billion (2005 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 12%, industry 25%, services 63% (1999 est.)


    Saudi Arabia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)26,417,599
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.31%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)13.5
    Percent rural (2003)12.3%
    Median age (years)total: 21.28 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)4.05 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%


    Largest Cities in Saudi Arabia

    Cities and urban areas in Saudi Arabia with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    RiyadhSaudi Arabia36277003627700
    JiddahSaudi Arabia26740002674000
    MeccaSaudi Arabia15418001541800
    MedinahSaudi Arabia818800818800
    ad-DammamSaudi Arabia6750001549200
    at-TaifSaudi Arabia633900633900
    TabukSaudi Arabia382300382300
    BuraydahSaudi Arabia324900324900
    al-HufufSaudi Arabia286100784100
    Khamis MushaytSaudi Arabia284700284700
    HailSaudi Arabia231000231000
    KharjSaudi Arabia198700198700
    JubailSaudi Arabia184000184000
    Hafar-al-BatinSaudi Arabia180100180100
    YanbuSaudi Arabia156600156600
    AbhaSaudi Arabia146800146800
    AraarSaudi Arabia141200141200
    al-HawiyahSaudi Arabia122700122700
    UnayzahSaudi Arabia119100119100
    NajranSaudi Arabia112100112100


    Saudi Arabia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use3,502,600 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular7,238,200 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 152,044 km
    paved: 45,461 km
    unpaved: 106,583 km (2000)


    Saudi Arabia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 75.46 years
    male: 73.46 years
    female: 77.55 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate13.24 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.01% (2001 est.)

    Saudi Arabia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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