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Serbia and Montenegro Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, [an error occurred while processing this directive]

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Serbia and Montenegro

Previous version of this profile (2009)


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[an error occurred while processing this directive] [an error occurred while processing this directive] [an error occurred while processing this directive] Serbia and Montenegro: Environment
Environment - current issuespollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor; air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Natural hazardsdestructive earthquakes

Serbia and Montenegro: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 33.35%
permanent crops: 3.2%
other: 63.45% (2001)
Natural resourcesoil, gas, coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, antimony, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, hydropower, arable land

Serbia and Montenegro: Economy
Economy - overview:MILOSEVIC-era mismanagement of the economy, an extended period of economic sanctions, and the damage to Yugoslavia's infrastructure and industry during the NATO airstrikes in 1999 left the economy only half the size it was in 1990. After the ousting of former Federal Yugoslav President MILOSEVIC in October 2000, the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS) coalition government implemented stabilization measures and embarked on an aggressive market reform program. After renewing its membership in the IMF in December 2000, a down-sized Yugoslavia continued to reintegrate into the international community by rejoining the World Bank (IBRD) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). A World Bank-European Commission sponsored Donors' Conference held in June 2001 raised $1.3 billion for economic restructuring. An agreement rescheduling the country's $4.5 billion Paris Club government debts was concluded in November 2001 - it wrote off 66% of the debt - and the London Club of private creditors forgave $1.7 billion of debt, just over half the total owed, in July 2004. The smaller republic of Montenegro severed its economy from federal control and from Serbia during the MILOSEVIC era and continues to maintain its own central bank, uses the euro instead of the Yugoslav dinar as official currency, collects customs tariffs, and manages its own budget. Kosovo's economy continues to transition to a market-based system, and is largely dependent on the international community and the diaspora for financial and technical assistance. The euro and the Yugoslav dinar are both accepted currencies in Kosovo. While maintaining ultimate oversight, UNMIK continues to work with the European Union and Kosovo's local provisional government to accelerate economic growth, lower unemployment, and attract foreign investment to help Kosovo integrate into regional economic structures. The complexity of Serbia and Montenegro political relationships, slow progress in privatization, legal uncertainty over property rights, scarcity of foreign-investment and a substantial foreign trade deficit are holding back the economy. Arrangements with the IMF, especially requirements for fiscal discipline, are an important element in policy formation. Severe unemployment remains a key political economic problem for this entire region.
GDP - per capita$2,600 (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)4% (2005 est.)
Agriculture - productscereals, fruits, vegetables, tobacco, olives; cattle, sheep, goats
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 16.6%, industry: 25.5%, services: 57.9% (2005 est.)
Industries machine building (aircraft, trucks, and automobiles; tanks and weapons; electrical equipment; agricultural machinery); metallurgy (steel, aluminum, copper, lead, zinc, chromium, antimony, bismuth, cadmium); mining (coal, bauxite, nonferrous ore, iron ore, limestone); consumer goods (textiles, footwear, foodstuffs, appliances); electronics, petroleum products, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals
Economic aid - recipient$2 billion pledged in 2001 (disbursements to follow for several years)
Debt - external$15.43 billion (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line (%)30% (1999 est.)
Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture NA, industry NA, services NA

Serbia and Montenegro: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)10,829,175
Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.03%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)106.0
Percent rural (2003)48.0%
Median age (years)total: 36.79 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.67 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)Serb 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 12.6% (1991)

[an error occurred while processing this directive]--> Serbia and Montenegro: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use2,611,700 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular3,634,600 (2003)
Roadways (km)total: 45,290 km
paved: 28,261 km (including 374 km of expressways)
unpaved: 17,029 km (2002)

Serbia and Montenegro: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 74.73 years
male: 72.15 years
female: 77.51 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate12.89 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.2% (2001 est.)

Serbia and Montenegro : References & Data Sources
 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of

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