TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Slovakia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 40.2% or about 1,933,000 ha of Slovakia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 1.2% ( 24,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Slovakia had 959,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Slovakia lost an average of 550 ha or 0.03% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Slovakia gained 0.6% of its forest cover, or around 11,000 ha.

Slovakia's forests contain 211 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Slovakia has some 450 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.2% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.2% are threatened. Slovakia is home to at least 3124 species of vascular plants, of which 2.9% are endemic. 7.3% of Slovakia is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Slovakia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Slovakia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)4810
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)1933
Percent Forest Cover40
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)24
Primary Forest, % total forest1
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Slovakia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)241
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)95049
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)95950


Slovakia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1922192119321933
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.2n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.010.110.01


Slovakia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
962963967974
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
001
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00.010.11


Slovakia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
24242424
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Slovakia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
960958965959
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.1-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.020.15-0.12


Slovakia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
7184125900


Slovakia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
52436


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
33858


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Slovakia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
514266234280100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Slovakia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
163190202211
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
109
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
332
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
1.41.20.9


Slovakia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
199


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
109116342


Slovakia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
507358198260100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
472331406100


Slovakia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
386714408n.s.


Slovakia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-2524
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
362524
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-n.s.n.s.


Slovakia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2006)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2007) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2005) Sub-national forest law: No

Slovakia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Slovakia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1900784463470259978448946


Slovakia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Slovakia: Environment
    Environment - current issuesair pollution from metallurgical plants presents human health risks; acid rain damaging forests
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsNA


    Slovakia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 30.16%
    permanent crops: 2.62%
    other: 67.22% (2001)
    Natural resourcesbrown coal and lignite; small amounts of iron ore, copper and manganese ore; salt; arable land


    Slovakia: Economy
    Economy - overview:Slovakia has mastered much of the difficult transition from a centrally planned economy to a modern market economy. The DZURINDA government made excellent progress during 2001-04 in macroeconomic stabilization and structural reform. Major privatizations are nearly complete, the banking sector is almost completely in foreign hands, and the government has helped facilitate a foreign investment boom with business-friendly policies, such as labor market liberalization and a 19% flat tax. Foreign investment in the automotive sector has been strong. Slovakia's economic growth exceeded expectations in 2001-05, despite the general European slowdown. Unemployment, at an unacceptable 15% in 2003-04, dropped to 11.5% in 2005, but remains the economy's Achilles heel. Slovakia joined the EU on 1 May 2004.
    GDP - per capita$15,700 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)5.1% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsgrains, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, cattle, poultry; forest products
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 3.6%, industry: 29.7%, services: 66.7% (2005 est.)
    Industries metal and metal products; food and beverages; electricity, gas, coke, oil, nuclear fuel; chemicals and manmade fibers; machinery; paper and printing; earthenware and ceramics; transport vehicles; textiles; electrical and optical apparatus; rubber products
    Economic aid - recipient$2.2 billion in available EU structural adjustment and cohesion funds (2004-06)
    Debt - external$25.81 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 5.8%, industry 29.3%, construction 9%, services 55.9% (2003)


    Slovakia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)5,431,363
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.15%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)111.3
    Percent rural (2003)42.6%
    Median age (years)total: 35.43 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.32 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Slovak 85.8%, Hungarian 9.7%, Roma 1.7%, Ruthenian/Ukrainian 1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]--> Slovakia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use1,294,700 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular3,678,800 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 42,970 km
    paved: 37,698 km (including 302 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 5,272 km (2002)


    Slovakia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 74.5 years
    male: 70.52 years
    female: 78.68 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate7.41 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

    Slovakia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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