TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Suriname Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 94.6% or about 14,758,000 ha of Suriname is forested, according to FAO. Of this 94.9% ( 14,001,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Suriname had 13,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Suriname lost an average of 900 ha or 0.01% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Suriname lost 0.1% of its forest cover, or around 18,000 ha.

Suriname's forests contain 3,165 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Suriname has some 1104 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 1.8% are threatened. Suriname is home to at least 5018 species of vascular plants. 12.7% of Suriname is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)141414
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)1,8151,7721,763
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)483471469
Total forest carbon (Mt C)2,2982,2432,232
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)160161162
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Suriname Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Suriname

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Suriname: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)15600
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)14758
Percent Forest Cover95
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)14001
Primary Forest, % total forest95
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Suriname: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1400195
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)7445
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)13n.s.


Suriname: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
14776147761477614758
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
00-4
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
00-0.02


Suriname: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
14763147631476314745
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
00-2
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


Suriname: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
14208141371409314001
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-7-9-18
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.05-0.06-0.13


Suriname: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
13131313
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Suriname: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
2701504055


Suriname: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
9910


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
--0


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
852831
Suriname: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
338923003389-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Suriname: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
3168316831683165
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
214
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
00-1
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
00n.s.


Suriname: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Suriname: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
116177181100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
n.s.n.s.2100


Suriname: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
17n.s.114131n.s.


Suriname: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
335
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
235
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
1n.s.n.s.


Suriname: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2003)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2006) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1992) Sub-national forest law: No

Suriname: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
350203502035020


Suriname: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1180549-110-659-


Suriname: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Suriname: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsNA


    Suriname: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 0.37%
    permanent crops: 0.06%
    other: 99.57% (2001)
    Natural resourcestimber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore


    Suriname: Economy
    Economy - overview:The economy is dominated by the alumina industry, which accounts for more than 15% of GDP and 70% of export earnings. Suriname's economic prospects for the medium term will depend on continued commitment to responsible monetary and fiscal policies and to the introduction of structural reforms to liberalize markets and promote competition. The government of Ronald VENETIAAN has begun an austerity program, raised taxes, and attempted to control spending. While - in 2002 - President VENETIAAN agreed to a large pay raise for civil servants, threatening his earlier gains in stabilizing the economy, he did not repeat this promise in the run-up to the May 2005 elections, which he won. Economic policies are likely to remain the same during VENETIAAN's second term. The Dutch Government has agreed to restart the aid flow, which will allow Suriname to access international development financing, but plans to phase out funds over the next five years. The short-term economic outlook depends on the government's ability to control inflation and on the development of projects in the bauxite and gold mining sectors. The opening of the Gross Rosbel gold mine is expected to boost exports and GDP growth. Prospects for local onshore oil production are good, as a drilling program is underway. Offshore oil drilling was given a boost in 2004 when the State Oil Company (Staatsolie) signed exploration agreements with Repsol and Mearsk.
    GDP - per capita$4,700 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productspaddy rice, bananas, palm kernels, coconuts, plantains, peanuts; beef, chickens; forest products; shrimp
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 13%, industry: 22%, services: 65% (2001 est.)
    Industries bauxite and gold mining, alumina production, oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing
    Economic aid - recipientNetherlands provided $37 million for project and program assistance, European Development Fund $4 million, Belgium $2 million (1998)
    Debt - external$321 million (2002 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)70% (2002 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%


    Suriname: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)438,144
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.25%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)2.7
    Percent rural (2003)23.9%
    Median age (years)total: 26.13 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.34 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%


    Largest Cities in Suriname

    Cities and urban areas in Suriname with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    ParamariboSuriname216200216200


    Suriname: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use79,800 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular168,100 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 4,492 km
    paved: 1,168 km
    unpaved: 3,324 km (2002)


    Suriname: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 68.96 years
    male: 66.75 years
    female: 71.27 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate23.57 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)1.7% (2001 est.)

    Suriname : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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