TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Sweden Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 68.7% or about 28,203,000 ha of Sweden is forested, according to FAO. Of this 9.3% ( 2,609,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Sweden had 3,613,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Sweden lost an average of 46,100 ha or 0.17% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Sweden gained 3.4% of its forest cover, or around 922,000 ha.

Sweden's forests contain 1,255 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Sweden has some 562 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.5% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.5% are threatened. Sweden is home to at least 1750 species of vascular plants, of which 0.1% are endemic. 9.8% of Sweden is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Sweden

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Sweden: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)41033
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)28203
Percent Forest Cover69
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)2609
Primary Forest, % total forest9
Other wooded land (1000 ha)3044
Percent other wooded land7




Sweden: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)26099
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2198178
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)361313


Sweden: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
27281273892820328203
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111630
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.040.590


Sweden: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
24953.023832.024590.024590.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-112-112.076.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.4-0.50.3


Sweden: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2609260926092609
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Sweden: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2328355736133613
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
123110
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
4.330.310.0


Sweden: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
74n.s.1001500


Sweden: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
24760


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
63298


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Sweden: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
33581192740618100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
114


Sweden: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
1178118312191255
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
45
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.77
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Sweden: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
2100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
4231417771233336612


Sweden: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
564766472975539100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
3602672610826100


Sweden: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
29332731203326n.s.


Sweden: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
341720
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Sweden: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1993)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2002) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1979) Sub-national forest law: No

Sweden: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
1000-132925100632


Sweden: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
3582354739771401866396080374140186


Sweden: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Sweden: Environment
    Environment - current issuesacid rain damage to soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsice floes in the surrounding waters, especially in the Gulf of Bothnia, can interfere with maritime traffic


    Sweden: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 6.54%
    permanent crops: 0.01%
    other: 93.45% (2001)
    Natural resourcesiron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower


    Sweden: Economy
    Economy - overview:Aided by peace and neutrality for the whole 20th century, Sweden has achieved an enviable standard of living under a mixed system of high-tech capitalism and extensive welfare benefits. It has a modern distribution system, excellent internal and external communications, and a skilled labor force. Timber, hydropower, and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy heavily oriented toward foreign trade. Privately owned firms account for about 90% of industrial output, of which the engineering sector accounts for 50% of output and exports. Agriculture accounts for only 2% of GDP and of jobs. The government's commitment to fiscal discipline resulted in a substantial budgetary surplus in 2001, which was cut by more than half in 2002, due to the global economic slowdown, declining revenue, and increased spending. The Swedish central bank (the Riksbank) focuses on price stability with its inflation target of 2%. Growth remained sluggish in 2003, but picked up in 2004 and 2005. Presumably because of generous sicktime benefits, Swedish workers report in sick more often than other Europeans. On 14 September 2003, Swedish voters turned down entry into the euro system, concerned about the impact on democracy and sovereignty.
    GDP - per capita$29,600 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2.4% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsbarley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 1.8%, industry: 28.6%, services: 69.7% (2005 est.)
    Industries iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Debt - external$516.1 billion (30 June 2005)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 2%, industry 24%, services 74% (2000 est.)


    Sweden: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)9,001,774
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.17%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)21.9
    Percent rural (2003)16.6%
    Median age (years)total: 40.6 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.66 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)indigenous population: Swedes and Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks


    Largest Cities in Sweden

    Cities and urban areas in Sweden with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    StockholmSweden12391001621700
    GoteborgSweden503700744400
    MalmoSweden2440001340000
    UppsalaSweden126400126400
    VasterasSweden100300100300


    Sweden: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use6,579,200 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular7.949 million (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 213,237 km
    paved: 167,604 km (including 1,542 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 45,633 km (2002)


    Sweden: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 80.4 years
    male: 78.19 years
    female: 82.74 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate2.77 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2001 est.)

    Sweden : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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