TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Switzerland Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 31.0% or about 1,240,000 ha of Switzerland is forested, according to FAO. Of this 3.2% ( 40,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Switzerland had 172,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Switzerland lost an average of 4,450 ha or 0.39% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Switzerland gained 7.7% of its forest cover, or around 89,000 ha.

Switzerland's forests contain 143 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Switzerland has some 513 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.5% are threatened. Switzerland is home to at least 3030 species of vascular plants, of which 0.0% are endemic. 28.7% of Switzerland is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Switzerland

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










 Home
 What's New
 About
 Rainforests
   Mission
   Introduction
   Characteristics
   Biodiversity
   The Canopy
   Forest Floor
   Forest Waters
   Indigenous People
   Deforestation
   Consequences
   Saving Rainforests
   Amazon
   Borneo
   Congo
   New Guinea
   Sulawesi
   REDD
   Country Profiles
   Statistics
   Works Cited
   For Kids
   For Teachers
   Photos/Images
   Expert Interviews
   Rainforest News
  Forest data
   Global deforestation
   Tropical deforestation
   By country
   Deforestation charts
   Regional forest data
   Deforestation drivers
 XML Feeds
 Pictures
 Books
 Education
 Newsletter
 Contact






Switzerland: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)4000
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)1240
Percent Forest Cover31
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)40
Primary Forest, % total forest3
Other wooded land (1000 ha)71
Percent other wooded land2




Switzerland: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)403
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)102883
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)17214


Switzerland: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1151119412171240
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
455
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.370.380.38


Switzerland: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
992102910491068
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
444
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.40.370.38


Switzerland: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
40404040
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Switzerland: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
159165168172
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.370.360.47


Switzerland: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
401750407


Switzerland: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
68320


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
87130


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
7015727
Switzerland: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
428345290139100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Switzerland: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
126136139143
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
115
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Switzerland: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
n.s.100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
3--0--


Switzerland: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
440651544544100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
84311441250100


Switzerland: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
24844---


Switzerland: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
865
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Switzerland: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2004) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1991) Sub-national forest law: Yes

Switzerland: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----36015


Switzerland: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-2570107936002570107936


Switzerland: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Switzerland: Environment
    Environment - current issuesair pollution from vehicle emissions and open-air burning; acid rain; water pollution from increased use of agricultural fertilizers; loss of biodiversity
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
    Natural hazardsavalanches, landslides, flash floods


    Switzerland: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 10.42%
    permanent crops: 0.61%
    other: 88.97% (2001)
    Natural resourceshydropower potential, timber, salt


    Switzerland: Economy
    Economy - overview:Switzerland is a peaceful, prosperous, and stable modern market economy with low unemployment, a highly skilled labor force, and a per capita GDP larger than that of the big Western European economies. The Swiss in recent years have brought their economic practices largely into conformity with the EU's to enhance their international competitiveness. Switzerland remains a safe haven for investors, because it has maintained a degree of bank secrecy and has kept up the franc's long-term external value. Reflecting the anemic economic conditions of Europe, GDP growth dropped in 2001 to about 0.8%, to 0.2% in 2002, and to -0.3% in 2003, with a small rise to 1.8% in 2004, and 1.2% in 2005. Even so, unemployment has remained at less than half the EU average.
    GDP - per capita$35,000 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)1.2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsgrains, fruits, vegetables; meat, eggs
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 1.5%, industry: 34%, services: 64.5% (2003 est.)
    Industries machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Debt - external$856 billion (30 June 2005)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 4.6%, industry 26.3%, services 69.1% (1998)


    Switzerland: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)7,489,370
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.49%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)188.3
    Percent rural (2003)32.5%
    Median age (years)total: 39.77 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.42 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%


    Largest Cities in Switzerland

    Cities and urban areas in Switzerland with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    ZurichSwitzerland333400965700
    GenevaSwitzerland172800172800
    BaselSwitzerland161900553300
    BernSwitzerland120200120200
    LausanneSwitzerland114700114700


    Switzerland: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use5.419 million (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular6.172 million (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 71,212 km
    paved: 71,212 km (including 1,706 of expressways)
    unpaved: 0 km (2002)


    Switzerland: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 80.39 years
    male: 77.58 years
    female: 83.36 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate4.39 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.4% (2001 est.)

    Switzerland : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



    Tropical rainforest information

     World Rainforests
     Rainforest Structure
     Rainforest Biodiversity
     Canopy
     Forest Floor
     Rainforest Waters
     Indigenous People
     Deforestation
     Global Importance


     Rainforest Conservation
     Country Reports update soon
     References
     Deforestation Tables
     The Amazon Rainforest update soon
     The Congo Rainforest update soon
     Deforestation in Brazil
     Rainforest Images




    Google
      Web
    mongabay.com
    Mongabay Rainforests
    Mongabay News
    Mongabay Photos

  • what's new | rainforests home | help support the site | madagascar | search | about | contact

    Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2006

    "Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site.
    Same for "rainforests" and "rain forests". "Jungle" is generally not used.