TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Tajikistan Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 2.9% or about 410,000 ha of Tajikistan is forested, according to FAO. Of this 72.4% ( 297,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Tajikistan had 101,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Tajikistan lost an average of 100 ha or 0.02% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Tajikistan gained 0.5% of its forest cover, or around 2,000 ha.

Tajikistan's forests contain 3 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Tajikistan has some 485 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.8% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.5% are threatened. Tajikistan is home to at least 5000 species of vascular plants. 18.3% of Tajikistan is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Tajikistan

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Tajikistan: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)13996
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)410
Percent Forest Cover3
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)297
Primary Forest, % total forest72
Other wooded land (1000 ha)142
Percent other wooded land1




Tajikistan: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)29772
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)123
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)10125


Tajikistan: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
408410410410
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.0500


Tajikistan: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
309309309309
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


Tajikistan: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
297297297297
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Tajikistan: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
99101101101
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.2000


Tajikistan: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
511840000


Tajikistan: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
88012


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Tajikistan: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
513--0
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
14


Tajikistan: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
3333
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
7
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.00
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.00


Tajikistan: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
1100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
204--246


Tajikistan: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
000-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
677100


Tajikistan: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-n.s.n.s.--


Tajikistan: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
456
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
456
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Tajikistan: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2000)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2008) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1993) Sub-national forest law: No

Tajikistan: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
8502097419100223


Tajikistan: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
14767061283007061283


Tajikistan: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Tajikistan: Environment
    Environment - current issuesinadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsearthquakes and floods


    Tajikistan: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 6.61%
    permanent crops: 0.92%
    other: 92.47% (2001)
    Natural resourceshydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold


    Tajikistan: Economy
    Economy - overview:Tajikistan has one of the lowest per capita GDPs among the 15 former Soviet republics. Only 5% to 6% of the land area is arable. Cotton is the most important crop. Mineral resources, varied but limited in amount, include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly in light industry and food processing. The civil war (1992-97) severely damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp decline in industrial and agricultural production. Even though 60% of its people continue to live in abject poverty, Tajikistan has experienced steady economic growth since 1997. Continued privatization of medium and large state-owned enterprises would further increase productivity. Tajikistan's economic situation, however, remains fragile due to uneven implementation of structural reforms, weak governance, widespread unemployment, and the external debt burden. A debt restructuring agreement was reached with Russia in December 2002, including an interest rate of 4%, a 3-year grace period, and a US $49.8 million credit to the Central Bank of Tajikistan. Tajikistan ranks third in the world in terms of water resources per head. A proposed investment to finish the hydropower dams Rogun and Sangtuda would substantially add to electricity production. If finished, Rogun will be the world's tallest dam.
    GDP - per capita$1,200 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 24%, industry: 28.4%, services: 47.7% (2005 est.)
    Industries aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
    Economic aid - recipient$60.7 million from US (2001)
    Debt - external$888 million (2004 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)60% (2004 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 67.2%, industry 7.5%, services 25.3% (2000 est.)


    Tajikistan: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)7,163,506
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.15%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)50.2
    Percent rural (2003)75.3%
    Median age (years)total: 19.73 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)4.05 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)


    Largest Cities in Tajikistan

    Cities and urban areas in Tajikistan with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    DushanbeTajikistan580800804700
    KhujandTajikistan154000154000


    Tajikistan: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use242,100 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular47,600 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 27,767 km
    paved: NA
    unpaved: NA (2000)


    Tajikistan: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 64.56 years
    male: 61.68 years
    female: 67.59 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate110.76 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

    Tajikistan : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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