TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Tanzania Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 37.7% or about 33,428,000 ha of Tanzania is forested, according to FAO. Tanzania had 240,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Tanzania lost an average of 403,350 ha or 0.97% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Tanzania lost 19.4% of its forest cover, or around 8,067,000 ha.

Tanzania's forests contain 2,019 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Tanzania has some 1898 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 9.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 6.1% are threatened. Tanzania is home to at least 10008 species of vascular plants, of which 11.2% are endemic. 14.6% of Tanzania is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)341711
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)1,073585418
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)332179127
Total forest carbon (Mt C)1,406764545
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)424548
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Tanzania Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Tanzania

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Tanzania: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)88580
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)33428
Percent Forest Cover38
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)11619
Percent other wooded land13




Tanzania: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)3318899
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2401


Tanzania: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
41495374623544533428
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-403-403-403
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.02-1.10-1.16


Tanzania: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
41345372623521533188
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-408-408-407
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.0-0.99-1.09


Tanzania: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Tanzania: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
150200230240
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
562
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2.922.830.85


Tanzania: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
710602400


Tanzania: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
100n.s.0


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
3700063
Tanzania: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
123737---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
11610


Tanzania: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
2505226221392019
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
60
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-24-25-24
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Tanzania: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
15100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Tanzania: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
229426532661100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
215522398424970100


Tanzania: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
122179237n.s.


Tanzania: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
443
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Tanzania: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1998)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (-) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2002) Sub-national forest law: No

Tanzania: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
16535165310165315


Tanzania: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1163764891151526574327743306344290


Tanzania: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Tanzania: Environment
    Environment - current issuessoil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture; wildlife threatened by illegal hunting and trade, especially for ivory
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsflooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought


    Tanzania: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 4.52%
    permanent crops: 1.08%
    other: 94.4% (2001)
    Natural resourceshydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel


    Tanzania: Economy
    Economy - overview:Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for almost half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry traditionally featured the processing of agricultural products and light consumer goods. The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's out-of-date economic infrastructure and to alleviate poverty. Long-term growth through 2005 featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment. Continued donor assistance and solid macroeconomic policies supported real GDP growth of more than 6% in 2005.
    GDP - per capita$700 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)6.1% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscoffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 43.2%, industry: 17.2%, services: 39.6% (2004 est.)
    Industries agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond, gold and iron mining, soda ash, oil refining, shoes, cement, apparel, wood products, fertilizer, salt
    Economic aid - recipient$1.2 billion (2001)
    Debt - external$7.95 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)36% (2002 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 80%, industry and services 20% (2002 est.)


    Tanzania: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)36,766,356
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.83%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)41.5
    Median age (years)total: 17.62 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)5.06 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African


    Largest Cities in Tanzania

    Cities and urban areas in Tanzania with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    Dar es SalaamTanzania24561002456100
    MwanzaTanzania303800303800
    ZanzibarTanzania256100256100
    MorogoroTanzania247900247900
    MbeyaTanzania211200211200
    TangaTanzania208900208900
    MoshiTanzania198000198000
    DodomaTanzania167100167100
    ArushaTanzania165600165600
    TaboraTanzania145800145800
    IringaTanzania143100143100
    GeitaTanzania139600139600
    MusomaTanzania139000139000
    MtwaraTanzania136900136900
    SongeaTanzania131700131700
    KigomaTanzania125000125000
    ShinyangaTanzania108300108300
    KorogweTanzania107900107900


    Tanzania: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use149,100 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular891,200 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 88,200 km
    paved: 3,704 km
    unpaved: 84,496 km (1999 est.)


    Tanzania: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 45.24 years
    male: 44.56 years
    female: 45.94 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate98.54 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)8.8% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria, Rift Valley fever and plague are high risks in some locations
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2004)

    Tanzania : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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