TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Togo Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 5.3% or about 287,000 ha of Togo is forested, according to FAO. Togo had 42,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Togo lost an average of 19,900 ha or 2.91% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Togo lost 58.1% of its forest cover, or around 398,000 ha.

Togo's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Togo has some 867 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.6% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 1.6% are threatened. Togo is home to at least 3085 species of vascular plants. 7.5% of Togo is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)10.190.07
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)3373
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)1021
Total forest carbon (Mt C)4394
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)394956
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Togo Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Togo

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Togo: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)5439
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)287
Percent Forest Cover5
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)1246
Percent other wooded land23




Togo: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)24585
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)4215


Togo: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
685486386287
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-20-20-20
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-3.37-4.50-5.75


Togo: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
661452348245
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-21-21-21
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-3.2-3.16-4.58


Togo: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Togo: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
24343842
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
3.542.252.02


Togo: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
6816160000


Togo: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
27730


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
10000


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Togo: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
-----
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Togo: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
----
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
-
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
---


Togo: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Togo: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-36843320100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-33703012100


Togo: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Togo: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Togo: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1998)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2008) Sub-national forest law: -

Togo: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Togo: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
140------


Togo: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Togo: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; water pollution presents health hazards and hinders the fishing industry; air pollution increasing in urban areas
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardshot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts


    Togo: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 46.15%
    permanent crops: 2.21%
    other: 51.64% (2001)
    Natural resourcesphosphates, limestone, marble, arable land


    Togo: Economy
    Economy - overview:This small sub-Saharan economy is heavily dependent on both commercial and subsistence agriculture, which provides employment for 65% of the labor force. Some basic foodstuffs must still be imported. Cocoa, coffee, and cotton generate about 40% of export earnings, with cotton being the most important cash crop. Togo is the world's fourth-largest producer of phosphate. The government's decade-long effort, supported by the World Bank and the IMF, to implement economic reform measures, encourage foreign investment, and bring revenues in line with expenditures has moved slowly. Progress depends on following through on privatization, increased openness in government financial operations, progress toward legislative elections, and continued support from foreign donors. Togo is working with donors to write a PRGF that could eventually lead to a debt reduction plan.
    GDP - per capita$1,600 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2.8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscoffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (tapioca), corn, beans, rice, millet, sorghum; livestock; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 39.5%, industry: 20.4%, services: 40.1% (2003 est.)
    Industries phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement; handicrafts, textiles, beverages
    Economic aid - recipientODA $80 million (2000 est.)
    Debt - external$2 billion (2005)
    Population below poverty line (%)32% (1989 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 65%, industry 5%, services 30% (1998 est.)


    Togo: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)5,681,519
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.17%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)104.5
    Percent rural (2003)64.9%
    Median age (years)total: 17.78 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)4.61 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)native African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%


    Largest Cities in Togo

    Cities and urban areas in Togo with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    LomeTogo675000727100
    SokodeTogo120400120400


    Togo: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use60,600 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular220,000 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 7,520 km
    paved: 2,376 km
    unpaved: 5,144 km (1999 est.)


    Togo: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 57.01 years
    male: 55.02 years
    female: 59.06 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate66.61 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)4.1% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever are high risks in some locations
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2004)

    Togo : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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