TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Trinidad and Tobago Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 44.1% or about 226,000 ha of Trinidad and Tobago is forested, according to FAO. Of this 27.4% ( 62,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Trinidad and Tobago had 18,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Trinidad and Tobago lost an average of 750 ha or 0.31% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Trinidad and Tobago lost 6.2% of its forest cover, or around 15,000 ha.

Trinidad and Tobago's forests contain 19 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Trinidad and Tobago has some 678 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 2.2% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.5% are threatened. Trinidad and Tobago is home to at least 2259 species of vascular plants, of which 10.4% are endemic. 4.8% of Trinidad and Tobago is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Trinidad and Tobago

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Trinidad and Tobago: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)513
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)226
Percent Forest Cover44
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)62
Primary Forest, % total forest28
Other wooded land (1000 ha)84
Percent other wooded land16




Trinidad and Tobago: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)6228
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)14664
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)188


Trinidad and Tobago: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
241234230226
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1-1-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.30-0.31-0.32


Trinidad and Tobago: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
226218213208
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1-1-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.4-0.35-0.46


Trinidad and Tobago: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
62626262
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Trinidad and Tobago: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
15161718
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.651.221.15


Trinidad and Tobago: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
3423943200


Trinidad and Tobago: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
76240


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Trinidad and Tobago: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
2410512387
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
219


Trinidad and Tobago: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
21202019
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
85
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Trinidad and Tobago: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
3100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
000000


Trinidad and Tobago: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
525954100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
464240100


Trinidad and Tobago: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
6-n.s.--


Trinidad and Tobago: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
111
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Trinidad and Tobago: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2008)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1918) Sub-national forest law: No

Trinidad and Tobago: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
783158241794619


Trinidad and Tobago: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
117813870113--13870113


Trinidad and Tobago: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Trinidad and Tobago: Environment
    Environment - current issueswater pollution from agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes, and raw sewage; oil pollution of beaches; deforestation; soil erosion
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsoutside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms


    Trinidad and Tobago: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 14.62%
    permanent crops: 9.16%
    other: 76.22% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, asphalt


    Trinidad and Tobago: Economy
    Economy - overview:Trinidad and Tobago, the leading Caribbean producer of oil and gas, has earned a reputation as an excellent investment site for international businesses. Tourism is a growing sector, although not proportionately as important as in many other Caribbean islands. The economy benefits from low inflation and a growing trade surplus. Prospects for growth in 2006 are good as prices for oil, petrochemicals, and liquified natural gas are expected to remain high, and foreign direct investment continues to grow to support expanded capacity in the energy sector. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.
    GDP - per capita$12,700 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)6.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscocoa, rice, citrus, coffee, vegetables; poultry
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 0.7%, industry: 57%, services: 42.3% (2005 est.)
    Industries petroleum, chemicals, tourism, food processing, cement, beverage, cotton textiles
    Economic aid - recipient$24 million (1999 est.)
    Debt - external$2.986 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)21% (1992 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 9.5%, manufacturing, mining, and quarrying 14%, construction and utilities 12.4%, services 64.1% (1997 est.)


    Trinidad and Tobago: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)1,088,644
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.74%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)212.3
    Percent rural (2003)24.6%
    Median age (years)total: 30.91 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.75 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Indian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8% (2000 census)


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]--> Trinidad and Tobago: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use325,100 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular361,900 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 8,320 km
    paved: 4,252 km
    unpaved: 4,068 km (1999 est.)


    Trinidad and Tobago: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 66.73 years
    male: 65.6 years
    female: 67.91 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate24.31 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)3.2% (2003 est.)

    Trinidad and Tobago : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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