TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Uganda Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 15.2% or about 2,988,000 ha of Uganda is forested, according to FAO. Uganda had 51,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Uganda lost an average of 88,150 ha or 1.86% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Uganda lost 37.1% of its forest cover, or around 1,763,000 ha.

Uganda's forests contain 109 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Uganda has some 1592 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.1% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.1% are threatened. Uganda is home to at least 4900 species of vascular plants. 7.3% of Uganda is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)743
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)330188142
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)985542
Total forest carbon (Mt C)428244184
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)596570
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Uganda Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Uganda

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Uganda: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)19710
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)2988
Percent Forest Cover15
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)3383
Percent other wooded land17




Uganda: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)293798
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)512


Uganda: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
4751386934292988
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-88-88-88
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2.03-2.39-2.72


Uganda: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
4717383733982937
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-88-88-90
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.9-1.87-2.35


Uganda: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Uganda: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
34323151
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.4
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.60-0.6310.47


Uganda: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
12036150037


Uganda: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
32680


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Uganda: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
1314441273
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
247


Uganda: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
171140124109
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
36
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-3-3-3
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Uganda: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Uganda: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
204436203651-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
338653931642310-


Uganda: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Uganda: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
12-
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Uganda: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2001)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2002) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2003) Sub-national forest law: No

Uganda: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Uganda: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Uganda: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Uganda: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdraining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; poaching is widespread
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
    Natural hazardsNA


    Uganda: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 25.88%
    permanent crops: 10.65%
    other: 63.47% (2001)
    Natural resourcescopper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land


    Uganda: Economy
    Economy - overview:Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, the government - with the support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. During 1990-2001, the economy turned in a solid performance based on continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs. Corruption within the government and slippage in the government's determination to press reforms raise doubts about the continuation of strong growth. In 2000, Uganda qualified for enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief worth $1.3 billion and Paris Club debt relief worth $145 million. These amounts combined with the original HIPC debt relief added up to about $2 billion. Growth for 2001-02 was solid despite continued decline in the price of coffee, Uganda's principal export. Growth in 2003-05 reflected an upturn in Uganda's export markets.
    GDP - per capita$1,700 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)9% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscoffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry, cut flowers
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 31.1%, industry: 22.2%, services: 46.9% (2004 est.)
    Industries sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement, steel production
    Economic aid - recipient$959 million (2003)
    Debt - external$4.949 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)35% (2001 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 82%, industry 5%, services 13% (1999 est.)


    Uganda: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)27,269,482
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)3.31%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)136.5
    Percent rural (2003)87.8%
    Median age (years)total: 14.97 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)6.74 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Baganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8%


    Largest Cities in Uganda

    Cities and urban areas in Uganda with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    KampalaUganda9534001146700


    Uganda: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use61,000 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular776,200 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 27,000 km
    paved: 1,809 km
    unpaved: 25,191 km (1999 est.)


    Uganda: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 51.59 years
    male: 50.74 years
    female: 52.46 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate67.83 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)4.1% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria and African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) are high risks in some locations
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2004)

    Uganda : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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