TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Ukraine Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 16.8% or about 9,705,000 ha of Ukraine is forested, according to FAO. Of this 0.6% ( 59,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Ukraine had 4,846,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Ukraine lost an average of 21,550 ha or 0.23% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Ukraine gained 4.6% of its forest cover, or around 431,000 ha.

Ukraine's forests contain 761 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Ukraine has some 490 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.8% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 5.9% are threatened. Ukraine is home to at least 5100 species of vascular plants. 3.3% of Ukraine is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Ukraine

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Ukraine: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)57938
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)9705
Percent Forest Cover17
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)59
Primary Forest, % total forest1
Other wooded land (1000 ha)41
Percent other wooded landn.s.




Ukraine: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)591
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)480049
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)484650


Ukraine: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
9274951095759705
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
241326
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.250.140.27


Ukraine: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
4637475547884859
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
121210
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.30.250.22


Ukraine: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
59595959
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Ukraine: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
4637475547874846
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
12612
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.250.130.25


Ukraine: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
4631419000


Ukraine: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
100n.s.0


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
10000


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
9100n.s.9
Ukraine: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
21192181122997100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Ukraine: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
499662712761
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
78
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
161010
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
1.60.90.8


Ukraine: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
5100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
148117n.s.72723


Ukraine: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
8577781411387100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
501344175290100


Ukraine: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Ukraine: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
64108102
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
6210598
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
234


Ukraine: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2010) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1994) Sub-national forest law: No

Ukraine: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----939-


Ukraine: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
388528331853-7663-339516-


Ukraine: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Ukraine: Environment
    Environment - current issuesinadequate supplies of potable water; air and water pollution; deforestation; radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986 accident at Chornobyl' Nuclear Power Plant
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
    Natural hazardsNA


    Ukraine: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 56.21%
    permanent crops: 1.61%
    other: 42.18% (2001)
    Natural resourcesiron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land


    Ukraine: Economy
    Economy - overview:After Russia, the Ukrainian republic was far and away the most important economic component of the former Soviet Union, producing about four times the output of the next-ranking republic. Its fertile black soil generated more than one-fourth of Soviet agricultural output, and its farms provided substantial quantities of meat, milk, grain, and vegetables to other republics. Likewise, its diversified heavy industry supplied the unique equipment (for example, large diameter pipes) and raw materials to industrial and mining sites (vertical drilling apparatus) in other regions of the former USSR. Ukraine depends on imports of energy, especially natural gas, to meet some 85% of its annual energy requirements. Shortly after independence in December 1991, the Ukrainian Government liberalized most prices and erected a legal framework for privatization, but widespread resistance to reform within the government and the legislature soon stalled reform efforts and led to some backtracking. Output by 1999 had fallen to less than 40% of the 1991 level. Loose monetary policies pushed inflation to hyperinflationary levels in late 1993. Ukraine's dependence on Russia for energy supplies and the lack of significant structural reform have made the Ukrainian economy vulnerable to external shocks. Ukrainian government officials have taken some steps to reform the country's Byzantine tax code, such as the implementation of lower tax rates aimed at bringing more economic activity out of Ukraine's large shadow economy, but more improvements are needed, including closing tax loopholes and eliminating tax privileges and exemptions. Reforms in the more politically sensitive areas of structural reform and land privatization are still lagging. Outside institutions - particularly the IMF - have encouraged Ukraine to quicken the pace and scope of reforms. Growth was 4.4% in 2005, underpinned by strong domestic demand, and solid consumer and investor confidence. The current account surplus reached a record high in 2005.
    GDP - per capita$6,800 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4.4% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsgrain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, vegetables; beef, milk
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 18.5%, industry: 44.7%, services: 36.8% (2005 est.)
    Industries coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing (especially sugar)
    Economic aid - recipient$637.7 million (1995); IMF Extended Funds Facility $2.2 billion (1998)
    Debt - external$33.93 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)29% (2003 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 24%, industry 32%, services 44% (1996)


    Ukraine: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)47,425,336
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.63%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)78.6
    Percent rural (2003)32.8%
    Median age (years)total: 38.22 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.4 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 census)


    Largest Cities in Ukraine

    Cities and urban areas in Ukraine with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    KyyivUkraine26190003217800
    KharkivUkraine14605001674800
    DnipropetrovskUkraine10766001465500
    DonetskUkraine10212001743600
    OdesaUkraine9901001109600
    ZaporizhzhyaUkraine829300829300
    L'vivUkraine778900778900
    Kryvyy RihUkraine686200686200
    MykolayivUkraine496100496100
    Mariupol'Ukraine477800477800
    LuhanskUkraine453800516600
    VinnytsyaUkraine383800383800
    MakiyivkaUkraine371900371900
    KhersonUkraine347400347400
    Sevastopol'Ukraine341800341800
    Simferopol'Ukraine327100327100
    PoltavaUkraine308000308000
    CherkasyUkraine304700304700
    ChernihivUkraine301200301200
    ZhytomyrUkraine290200290200
    SumyUkraine288200288200
    HorlivkaUkraine287000631100
    DniprodzerzhynskUkraine263400263400
    KirovohradUkraine257600257600
    Khmel'nytskyyUkraine256700256700
    ChernivtsiUkraine254800254800
    RivneUkraine243500243500
    Ivano-FrankivskUkraine237400237400
    Ternopil'Ukraine233400233400
    KremenchuhUkraine231000231000
    LutskUkraine216100216100
    Bila TserkvaUkraine205500205500
    KramatorskUkraine180700594100
    Melitpol'Ukraine163400163400
    KerchUkraine158700158700
    Nikopol'Ukraine145800145800
    BerdyanskUkraine126400126400
    PavlohradUkraine124700124700
    UzhhorodUkraine124400124400
    SyeverodonetskUkraine121800121800
    AlchevskUkraine114000114000
    LysychanskUkraine112200112200
    YevpatoriyaUkraine107600107600
    Kamyanets-PodilskyyUkraine103600103600


    Ukraine: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use10,833,300 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular4.2 million (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 169,679 km
    paved: 164,249 km
    unpaved: 5,430 km (2002)


    Ukraine: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 69.68 years
    male: 64.39 years
    female: 75.31 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate20.34 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)1.4% (2003 est.)

    Ukraine : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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