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United States Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, [an error occurred while processing this directive]

United States pictures

The following contains data relating to forest cover in United States

Previous version of this profile (2009)


Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books

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[an error occurred while processing this directive] [an error occurred while processing this directive] [an error occurred while processing this directive] United States: Environment
Environment - current issuesair pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US and Canada; the US is the largest single emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollution from runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; limited natural fresh water resources in much of the western part of the country require careful management; desertification
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Hazardous Wastes
Natural hazardstsunamis, volcanoes, and earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts; tornadoes in the midwest and southeast; mud slides in California; forest fires in the west; flooding; permafrost in northern Alaska, a major impediment to development

United States: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 19.13%
permanent crops: 0.22%
other: 80.65% (2001)
Natural resourcescoal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber

United States: Economy
Economy - overview:The US has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world, with a per capita GDP of $41,800. In this market-oriented economy, private individuals and business firms make most of the decisions, and the federal and state governments buy needed goods and services predominantly in the private marketplace. US business firms enjoy considerably greater flexibility than their counterparts in Western Europe and Japan in decisions to expand capital plant, to lay off surplus workers, and to develop new products. At the same time, they face higher barriers to entry in their rivals' home markets than the barriers to entry of foreign firms in US markets. US firms are at or near the forefront in technological advances, especially in computers and in medical, aerospace, and military equipment; their advantage has narrowed since the end of World War II. The onrush of technology largely explains the gradual development of a "two-tier labor market" in which those at the bottom lack the education and the professional/technical skills of those at the top and, more and more, fail to get comparable pay raises, health insurance coverage, and other benefits. Since 1975, practically all the gains in household income have gone to the top 20% of households. The response to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 showed the remarkable resilience of the economy. The war in March/April 2003 between a US-led coalition and Iraq, and the subsequent occupation of Iraq, required major shifts in national resources to the military. The rise in GDP in 2004 and 2005 was undergirded by substantial gains in labor productivity. The economy suffered from a sharp increase in energy prices in mid-2005, but by late in the year those prices dropped back to earlier levels. Hurricane Katrina caused extensive damage in the Gulf Coast region, but had a small impact on overall GDP growth for the year. Long-term problems include inadequate investment in economic infrastructure, rapidly rising medical and pension costs of an aging population, sizable trade and budget deficits, and stagnation of family income in the lower economic groups.
GDP - per capita$41,800 (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)3.5% (2005 est.)
Agriculture - productswheat, corn, other grains, fruits, vegetables, cotton; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; forest products; fish
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 1%, industry: 20.7%, services: 78.3% (2005 est.)
Industries leading industrial power in the world, highly diversified and technologically advanced; petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, mining
Population below poverty line (%)12% (2004 est.)
Debt - external$8.837 trillion (30 June 2005 est.)
Labor force - by occupation (%)farming, forestry, and fishing 0.7%, manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts 22.9%, managerial, professional, and technical 34.7%, sales and office 25.4%, other services 16.3%

United States: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)295,734,134
Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.92%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)32.3
Percent rural (2003)19.9%
Median age (years)total: 36.27 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.08 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)white 81.7%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2% (2003 est.)

Largest Cities in United States

Cities and urban areas in United States with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
New YorkUnited States810370029881200
Los AngelesUnited States380540016584700
ChicagoUnited States293490010894200
HoustonUnited States20285004647300
PhiladelphiaUnited States15229001522900
PhoenixUnited States13958003116700
San DiegoUnited States12600001260000
DallasUnited States12342005077300
San AntonioUnited States11885001618400
DetroitUnited States9603005959000
San JoseUnited States921700921700
IndianapolisUnited States8040001589200
San FranciscoUnited States8000007108600
JacksonvilleUnited States7619001092400
ColumbusUnited States7149001540400
AustinUnited States6817001185200
MemphisUnited States6658001142800
BaltimoreUnited States6637007610600
MilwaukeeUnited States605300605300
BostonUnited States5977007025000
El PasoUnited States585300585300
NashvilleUnited States5837001211800
DenverUnited States5830002745500
SeattleUnited States5783003584200
WashingtonUnited States577800577800
CharlotteUnited States5599001465700
Fort WorthUnited States555200555200
PortlandUnited States5423002255500
Las VegasUnited States5180001428300
TucsonUnited States514200831100
Oklahoma CityUnited States5139001082000
New OrleansUnited States4886001350100
ClevelandUnited States4807003010100
Long BeachUnited States475300475300
AlbuquerqueUnited States455500702000
Kansas CityUnited States4480001815900
FresnoUnited States440400909900
Virginia BeachUnited States437200437200
AtlantaUnited States4355003988900
SacramentoUnited States4192001800500
MesaUnited States418800418800
OaklandUnited States411400411400
TulsaUnited States399100813000
OmahaUnited States394300722800
MinneapolisUnited States3921002970300
Colorado SpringsUnited States379400517100
MiamiUnited States3754004923200
HonoluluUnited States370600894100
Saint LouisUnited States3533002656800
WichitaUnited States348800567500
Santa AnaUnited States348100348100
ArlingtonUnited States345700345700
AnaheimUnited States337800337800
PittsburghUnited States3357002411000
CincinnatiUnited States3329002028000
ToledoUnited States315100629800
TampaUnited States3143002356000
BuffaloUnited States2961001572000
Saint PaulUnited States294200294200
AuroraUnited States290500290500
Corpus ChristiUnited States288100288100
RaleighUnited States2858001143300
NewarkUnited States278200278200
Lexington-FayetteUnited States264700264700
AnchorageUnited States264200264200
RiversideUnited States262800262800
LouisvilleUnited States2604001040200
Saint PetersburgUnited States257100257100
BakersfieldUnited States254500664500
StocktonUnited States251100582400
BirminghamUnited States245600946400
Jersey CityUnited States244200244200
NorfolkUnited States2410001616000
HialeahUnited States234500234500
GreensboroUnited States2318001219700
GlendaleUnited States231200231200
PlanoUnited States230500230500
Baton RougeUnited States229700598700
LincolnUnited States228100228100
GarlandUnited States224000224000
RochesterUnited States2224001116000
AkronUnited States218100218100
ScottsdaleUnited States214200214200
MadisonUnited States211000211000
FremontUnited States209500209500
Augusta-RichmondUnited States208900208900
Fort WayneUnited States208900208900
LubbockUnited States207200207200
ChesapeakeUnited States204800204800
MontgomeryUnited States203800203800
RichmondUnited States203400994300
ShreveportUnited States201800201800
ParadiseUnited States201500201500
MobileUnited States201200553800
GlendaleUnited States200800200800
SpokaneUnited States200800200800
Des MoinesUnited States200500200500
Grand RapidsUnited States1997001088100
IrvingUnited States199000199000
TacomaUnited States198700198700
YonkersUnited States198400198400
RenoUnited States195400195400
Huntington BeachUnited States195300195300
ArlingtonUnited States194800194800
ColumbusUnited States194800194800
ModestoUnited States194500194500
DurhamUnited States193600193600
Boise CityUnited States192700421800
OrlandoUnited States1926001587500
Winston-SalemUnited States192300192300
San BernardinoUnited States190900190900
HendersonUnited States189900189900
Salt Lake CityUnited States1880001677500
JacksonUnited States187300187300
ChandlerUnited States186600186600
Little RockUnited States186500369700
Newport NewsUnited States185200185200
LaredoUnited States183300183300
AmarilloUnited States180300180300
Chula VistaUnited States178800178800
KnoxvilleUnited States178100695100
ProvidenceUnited States176500176500
OxnardUnited States175500175500
WorcesterUnited States175100175100
Garden GroveUnited States170100170100
Sunrise ManorUnited States169000169000
TempeUnited States167600167600
DaytonUnited States167000991500
OceansideUnited States165800165800
OntarioUnited States162700162700
HuntsvilleUnited States160000160000
ChattanoogaUnited States159300159300
Fort LauderdaleUnited States157800157800
TallahasseeUnited States156000156000
SalinasUnited States155600155600
Santa ClaritaUnited States155600155600
SpringfieldUnited States154300154300
PomonaUnited States153900153900
SpringfieldUnited States153800153800
RockfordUnited States152100152100
Santa RosaUnited States152000152000
PatersonUnited States151800151800
LakewoodUnited States151500151500
Overland ParkUnited States151000151000
HamptonUnited States150600150600
SyracuseUnited States149100758000
Kansas CityUnited States148800148800
IrvineUnited States147400147400
VancouverUnited States147400147400
MetairieUnited States147300147300
PasadenaUnited States147100147100
Moreno ValleyUnited States146600146600
BrownsvilleUnited States145100145100
AuroraUnited States144900144900
HollywoodUnited States144300144300
HaywardUnited States144200144200
Pembroke PinesUnited States142300142300
TorranceUnited States142100142100
BridgeportUnited States141300141300
EugeneUnited States141300141300
SalemUnited States140300140300
WarrenUnited States139600139600
PasadenaUnited States137900137900
EscondidoUnited States137600137600
SavannahUnited States137500137500
SunnyvaleUnited States135700135700
FontanaUnited States132800132800
OrangeUnited States132700132700
Grand PrairieUnited States132300132300
AlexandriaUnited States131900131900
Rancho CucamongaUnited States131600131600
NapervilleUnited States130100130100
FullertonUnited States129800129800
MesquiteUnited States129300129300
CoronaUnited States128700128700
East Los AngelesUnited States128000128000
Spring ValleyUnited States127100127100
FlintUnited States126100126100
Sterling HeightsUnited States125700125700
ConcordUnited States125400125400
Sioux FallsUnited States125400125400
FayettevilleUnited States125300125300
New HavenUnited States125200125200
Fort CollinsUnited States124700124700
TopekaUnited States124000124000
EvansvilleUnited States123400123400
HartfordUnited States123100123100
ElizabethUnited States122600122600
LancasterUnited States122300122300
Cedar RapidsUnited States121900121900
Coral SpringsUnited States121700121700
Thousand OaksUnited States120500120500
AbileneUnited States120400120400
LansingUnited States120300120300
VallejoUnited States120300120300
PalmdaleUnited States120200120200
ColumbiaUnited States119500533900
El MonteUnited States119400119400
StamfordUnited States118500118500
BeaumontUnited States118200118200
WacoUnited States118100118100
GilbertUnited States115900115900
InglewoodUnited States115900115900
Ann ArborUnited States115100115100
IndependenceUnited States115000115000
Simi ValleyUnited States114700114700
PeoriaUnited States114500114500
PeoriaUnited States114500114500
CarrolltonUnited States113800113800
SpringfieldUnited States112900112900
ClearwaterUnited States112700112700
West Valley CityUnited States112700112700
BellevueUnited States112500112500
Costa MesaUnited States112000112000
LafayetteUnited States111200111200
MacAllenUnited States1105001058400
DowneyUnited States110500110500
ManchesterUnited States110100110100
South BendUnited States109400109400
ProvoUnited States108800108800
WaterburyUnited States108600108600
West CovinaUnited States108200108200
Wichita FallsUnited States108200108200
JolietUnited States107600107600
ArvadaUnited States107400107400
PuebloUnited States107300107300
AllentownUnited States107000107000
Daly CityUnited States106700106700
LowellUnited States106700106700
NorwalkUnited States106400106400
Athens-ClarkeUnited States106100106100
WestminsterUnited States106100106100
ClarksvilleUnited States106000106000
Cape CoralUnited States105900105900
BerkeleyUnited States105800105800
Santa ClaraUnited States105400105400
GaryUnited States104300104300
ErieUnited States104100104100
San BuenaventuraUnited States103900103900
Green BayUnited States103700103700
PortsmouthUnited States103400103400
BurbankUnited States103300103300
CambridgeUnited States102800102800
RichmondUnited States102200102200
MaconUnited States101700101700
LivoniaUnited States101500101500

Other reference Information
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--> United States: Infrastructure

Telephones - main lines in use181,599,900 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular158.722 million (2003)
Roadways (km)total: 6,393,603 km
paved: 4,180,053 km (including 74,406 km of expressways)
unpaved: 2,213,550 km (2003)

United States: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 77.71 years
male: 74.89 years
female: 80.67 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate6.5 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.6% (2003 est.)

United States : References & Data Sources
 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of

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"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site.
Same for "rainforests" and "rain forests". "Jungle" is generally not used.