TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Uruguay Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 10.0% or about 1,744,000 ha of Uruguay is forested, according to FAO. Of this 17.5% ( 306,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Uruguay had 978,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Uruguay lost an average of 41,200 ha or 4.48% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Uruguay gained 89.6% of its forest cover, or around 824,000 ha.

Uruguay's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Uruguay has some 659 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 2.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 5.6% are threatened. Uruguay is home to at least 2278 species of vascular plants, of which 1.8% are endemic. 0.2% of Uruguay is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)321
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)633730
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)201210
Total forest carbon (Mt C)834940
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)282828
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Uruguay

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Uruguay: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)17502
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)1744
Percent Forest Cover10
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)306
Primary Forest, % total forest18
Other wooded land (1000 ha)4
Percent other wooded landn.s.




Uruguay: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)30618
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)46026
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)97856


Uruguay: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
920141215201744
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
492245
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
4.381.482.79


Uruguay: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
719743754766
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
222
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.30.330.31


Uruguay: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
288297302306
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.310.330.26


Uruguay: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
201669766978
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
471942
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
12.782.745.01


Uruguay: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
6421150000


Uruguay: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
1990


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
--0


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
0000100
Uruguay: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
1257211248
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Uruguay: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
----
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
-
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
---


Uruguay: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Uruguay: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
84915303243-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
308623891863-


Uruguay: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
2----


Uruguay: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
165
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Uruguay: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1987)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1987) Sub-national forest law: No

Uruguay: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----5336


Uruguay: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Uruguay: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Uruguay: Environment
    Environment - current issueswater pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
    Natural hazardsseasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind which blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes from weather fronts


    Uruguay: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 7.43%
    permanent crops: 0.23%
    other: 92.34% (2001)
    Natural resourcesarable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fisheries


    Uruguay: Economy
    Economy - overview:Uruguay's well-to-do economy is characterized by an export-oriented agricultural sector, a well-educated workforce, and high levels of social spending. After averaging growth of 5% annually during 1996-98, in 1999-2002 the economy suffered a major downturn, stemming largely from the spillover effects of the economic problems of its large neighbors, Argentina and Brazil. For instance, in 2001-02 massive withdrawals by Argentina of dollars deposited in Uruguayan banks led to a plunge in the Uruguyan peso and a massive rise in unemployment. Total GDP in these four years dropped by nearly 20%, with 2002 the worst year due to the serious banking crisis. Unemployment rose to nearly 20% in 2002, inflation surged, and the burden of external debt doubled. Cooperation with the IMF limited the damage. The debt swap with private creditors carried out in 2003, which extended the maturity dates on nearly half of Uruguay's $14 billion in public debt, substantially alleviated the country's amortization burden in the coming years and restored public confidence. The economy grew about 10% in 2004 as a result of high commodity prices for Uruguayan exports, the weakness of the dollar against the euro, growth in the region, low international interest rates, and greater export competitiveness, but slowed to a 6.2% pace in 2005.
    GDP - per capita$10,000 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)6.2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsrice, wheat, corn, barley; livestock; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 7.1%, industry: 27.7%, services: 65.2% (2005 est.)
    Industries food processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages
    Economic aid - recipientNA
    Debt - external$9.931 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)21% of households (2003)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 14%, industry 16%, services 70%


    Uruguay: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)3,415,920
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.47%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)19.7
    Percent rural (2003)7.4%
    Median age (years)total: 32.46 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.91 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)


    Largest Cities in Uruguay

    Cities and urban areas in Uruguay with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    MontevideoUruguay14499001723300


    Uruguay: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use946,500 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular652,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 8,983 km
    paved: 8,081 km
    unpaved: 902 km (1999 est.)


    Uruguay: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 76.13 years
    male: 72.92 years
    female: 79.45 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate11.95 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.3% (2001 est.)

    Uruguay : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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