TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Western Sahara Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 2.7% or about 707,000 ha of Western Sahara is forested, according to FAO. Western Sahara's forests contain 33 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Western Sahara has some 223 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.4% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.1% are threatened. Western Sahara is home to at least 330 species of vascular plants. 0.0% of Western Sahara is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Western Sahara

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Western Sahara: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)26600
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)707
Percent Forest Cover3
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Western Sahara: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)707100
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00


Western Sahara: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
707707707707
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Western Sahara: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
707707707707
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00.000.00


Western Sahara: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Western Sahara: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Western Sahara: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
-------


Western Sahara: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
---


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Western Sahara: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
2637026-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
0-


Western Sahara: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
33333333
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
46
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
000


Western Sahara: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Western Sahara: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
477100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
366100


Western Sahara: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
n.s.----


Western Sahara: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Western Sahara: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): - (-)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: - (-) -
National forest law (year): - (-) Sub-national forest law: -

Western Sahara: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Western Sahara: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Western Sahara: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Western Sahara: Environment
    Environment - current issuessparse water and lack of arable land
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: none of the selected agreements
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardshot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind can occur during winter and spring; widespread harmattan haze exists 60% of time, often severely restricting visibility


    Western Sahara: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 0.02%
    permanent crops: 0%
    other: 99.98% (2001)
    Natural resourcesphosphates, iron ore


    Western Sahara: Economy
    Economy - overview:Western Sahara depends on pastoral nomadism, fishing, and phosphate mining as the principal sources of income for the population. The territory lacks sufficient rainfall for sustainable agricultural production, and most of the food for the urban population must be imported. All trade and other economic activities are controlled by the Moroccan Government. Moroccan energy interests in 2001 signed contracts to explore for oil off the coast of Western Sahara, which has angered the Polisario. Incomes and standards of living in Western Sahara are substantially below the Moroccan level.
    GDP - per capitaNA
    GDP - real growth rate (%)NA
    Agriculture - productsfruits and vegetables (grown in the few oases); camels, sheep, goats (kept by nomads)
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: NA, industry: NA, services: 40% (1996 est.)
    Industries phosphate mining, handicrafts
    Economic aid - recipientNA
    Debt - externalNA
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)animal husbandry and subsistence farming 50%


    Western Sahara: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)273,008
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)NA
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)1.0
    Percent rural (2003)6.3%
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)NA
    Ethnic groups (%)Arab, Berber


    Largest Cities in Western Sahara

    Cities and urban areas in Western Sahara with population over 100,000
    [For more population information including updated figures and a wider selection of cities please visit
    The World Gazetteer]

    --> All figures are estimates for 2002.

    [capitals, land area, total population]
    Forest Stats for Selected Countries

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    LaayouneWestern Sahara190500190500


    Western Sahara: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in useabout 2,000 (1999 est.)
    Telephones - mobile cellular0 (1999)
    Roadways (km)total: 6,200 km
    paved: 1,350 km
    unpaved: 4,850 km (1991 est)


    Western Sahara: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: NA years
    male: NA years
    female: NA years
    Infant mortality rateNA
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: may be a significant risk in some locations during the transmission season (typically April through November) (2004)

    Western Sahara : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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