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Mongabay.com is considered a leading source of information on tropical forests by some of the world's top ecologists and conservationists. ENDANGERED SPECIES CHARTS:

The world's most endangered cranes, rails, and allies


Chart: conservation status of the world's cranes, rails, and allies
Click image to enlarge



The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species evaluates the conservation status of plant and animal species. The list is based on scientific assessment of an organism's status by experts.

Conservation status of the world's cranes, rails, and allies


Species comprising the chart above include:

FamilyScientific nameCommon name(s)Red List statusPopulation trend
RALLIDAEAphanapteryx bonasiaRed RailEX
RALLIDAEAphanapteryx leguatiRodrigues RailEX
RALLIDAEAtlantisia podarcesSt Helena CrakeEX
RALLIDAECabalus modestusChatham Island Rail, Chatham Islands Rail, Chatham RailEX
RALLIDAEDiaphorapteryx hawkinsiHawkins's RailEX
RALLIDAEFulica newtoniMascarene CootEX
RALLIDAEGallirallus dieffenbachiiDieffenbach's RailEX
RALLIDAEGallirallus owstoniGuam RailEW
RALLIDAEGallirallus pacificusTahiti RailEX
RALLIDAEGallirallus wakensisWake Island RailEX
RALLIDAEMundia elpenorAscension Crake, Ascension Flightless CrakeEX
RALLIDAENesoclopeus poecilopterusBar-winged RailEX
RALLIDAEPorphyrio albusLord Howe Island Swamphen, Lord Howe Swamphen, White GallinuleEX
RALLIDAEPorphyrio coerulescensReunion Gallinule, Réunion GallinuleEX
RALLIDAEPorphyrio kukwiedeiNew Caledonia GallinuleEX
RALLIDAEPorphyrio mantelliNorth Island TakaheEX
RALLIDAEPorzana astrictocarpusSt Helena RailEX
RALLIDAEPorzana monasaKosrae CrakeEX
RALLIDAEPorzana nigraMiller's RailEX
RALLIDAEPorzana palmeriLaysan Crake, Laysan RailEX
RALLIDAEPorzana sandwichensisHawaiian Crake, Hawaiian RailEX
OTIDIDAEArdeotis nigricepsGreat Indian Bustard, Indian BustardCRdecreasing
RALLIDAECyanolimnas cerveraiZapata RailCRdecreasing
RALLIDAEGallinula pacificaSamoan MoorhenCRunknown
RALLIDAEGallinula silvestrisMakira Moorhen, Makira Woodhen, San Cristobal Moorhen, San Cristobal Mountain RailCRunknown
RALLIDAEGallirallus lafresnayanusNew Caledonian Rail, New Caledonian Wood RailCRunknown
OTIDIDAEHoubaropsis bengalensisBengal Bustard, Bengal FloricanCRdecreasing
GRUIDAELeucogeranus leucogeranusSiberian Crane, Siberian White Crane, Snow CraneCRdecreasing
RALLIDAEAmaurornis olivieriOlivier's Crake, Olivier's Rail, Sakalava RailENdecreasing
GRUIDAEBalearica regulorumGrey Crowned-crane, Grey Crowned Crane, Grey Crowned-Crane, Southern Crowned CraneENdecreasing
RALLIDAEGallirallus okinawaeOkinawa RailENdecreasing
RALLIDAEGallirallus sylvestrisLord Howe Island Woodhen, Lord Howe Rail, Lord Howe Woodhen, Lord Howe Wood RailENstable
GRUIDAEGrus americanaWhooping CraneENincreasing
GRUIDAEGrus japonensisJapanese Crane, Manchurian Crane, Red-crowned CraneENdecreasing
RALLIDAEGymnocrex talaudensisTalaud RailENdecreasing
HELIORNITHIDAEHeliopais personatusAsian Finfoot, Masked FinfootENdecreasing
RALLIDAELaterallus levraudiRusty-flanked CrakeENdecreasing
RALLIDAELaterallus tuerosiJunín Black Crake, Junin Crake, Junin Rail, Junín RailENdecreasing
OTIDIDAENeotis ludwigiiLudwig's BustardENdecreasing
RALLIDAEPorphyrio hochstetteriTakaheENincreasing
PSOPHIIDAEPsophia viridisDark-winged TrumpeterENdecreasing
RALLIDAERallus semiplumbeusBogota Rail, Bogotá RailENdecreasing
RALLIDAERallus wetmoreiPlain-flanked RailENdecreasing
RHYNOCHETIDAERhynochetos jubatusKaguENstable
RALLIDAESarothrura ayresiWhite-winged Crake, White-winged FlufftailENdecreasing
RALLIDAESarothrura watersiSlender-billed Flufftail, Waters's Crake, Waters's FlufftailENdecreasing
OTIDIDAESypheotides indicusLesser Florican, LikhENdecreasing
TURNICIDAETurnix oliviiBuff-breasted Buttonquail, Buff-breasted Button-quailENdecreasing
RALLIDAEAmaurornis magnirostrisTalaud Bush-henVUdecreasing
GRUIDAEAnthropoides paradiseusBlue Crane, Stanley CraneVUstable
RALLIDAEAramides wolfiBrown Wood-rail, Brown Wood Rail, Brown Wood-RailVUdecreasing
RALLIDAEAramidopsis plateniPlaten's Rail, Snoring RailVUdecreasing
RALLIDAEAtlantisia rogersiInaccessible Island Rail, Inaccessible RailVUstable
GRUIDAEBalearica pavoninaBlack Crowned-crane, Black Crowned Crane, Black Crowned-Crane, Northern Crowned CraneVUdecreasing
GRUIDAEBugeranus carunculatusWattled CraneVUdecreasing
OTIDIDAEChlamydotis undulataHoubara, Houbara BustardVUdecreasing
RALLIDAECoturnicops exquisitusAsian Yellow Rail, Siberian Crake, Swinhoe's RailVUdecreasing
RALLIDAEFulica alaiHawaiian CootVUstable
RALLIDAEGallinula nesiotisGough Moorhen, Tristan MoorhenVUincreasing
RALLIDAEGallirallus australisWekaVUdecreasing
RALLIDAEGallirallus calayanensisCalayan RailVUstable
GRUIDAEGrus antigoneSarus CraneVUdecreasing
GRUIDAEGrus monachaHooded CraneVUdecreasing
GRUIDAEGrus nigricollisBlack-necked Crane, Tibetan CraneVUdecreasing
GRUIDAEGrus vipioWhite-naped Crane, White-necked CraneVUdecreasing
RALLIDAEGymnocrex rosenbergiiBald-faced Rail, Blue-faced Rail, Schlegel's RailVUdecreasing
RALLIDAEHabroptila wallaciiInvisible Rail, Wallace's RailVUdecreasing
RALLIDAELaterallus spilonotusGalapagos Crake, Galapagos Rail, Galápagos RailVUdecreasing
RALLIDAELaterallus xenopterusRufous-faced CrakeVUdecreasing
RALLIDAELewinia muelleriAuckland Islands Rail, Auckland RailVUstable
MESITORNITHIDAEMesitornis unicolorBrown Mesite, Brown RoateloVUdecreasing
MESITORNITHIDAEMesitornis variegatusWhite-breasted Mesite, White-breasted RoateloVUdecreasing
MESITORNITHIDAEMonias benschiBensch's Mesite, Monias, Subdesert MesiteVUdecreasing
OTIDIDAEOtis tardaGreat BustardVUdecreasing
RALLIDAEPorzana atraHenderson Crake, Henderson Island Crake, Henderson Island Rail, Red-eyed CrakeVUstable
RALLIDAEPorzana spilopteraDot-winged CrakeVUdecreasing
RALLIDAERallus antarcticusAustral RailVUdecreasing
RALLIDAERallus madagascariensisMadagascar Rail, Madagascar Water RailVUdecreasing
TURNICIDAETurnix everettiSumba ButtonquailVUdecreasing
OTIDIDAEArdeotis arabsArabian BustardNTdecreasing
OTIDIDAEEupodotis caerulescensBlue Bustard, Blue KorhaanNTstable
OTIDIDAEEupodotis humilisLittle Brown BustardNTdecreasing
RALLIDAEFulica caribaeaCaribbean CootNTdecreasing
RALLIDAEFulica cornutaHorned CootNTdecreasing
RALLIDAEGallirallus insignisNew Britain Rail, Pink-legged RailNTdecreasing
RALLIDAEGallirallus rovianaeRoviana RailNTdecreasing
RALLIDAELaterallus jamaicensisBlack RailNTdecreasing
RALLIDAEMegacrex ineptaNew Guinea Flightless Rail, Papuan Flightless RailNTdecreasing
OTIDIDAENeotis denhamiDenham's Bustard, Stanley BustardNTdecreasing
OTIDIDAENeotis nubaNubian BustardNTdecreasing
RALLIDAENesoclopeus woodfordiWoodford's RailNTdecreasing
RALLIDAEPorzana paykulliiBand-bellied CrakeNTdecreasing
RALLIDAERallina canningiAndaman CrakeNTdecreasing
RALLIDAERallina leucospilaWhite-striped Forest Crake, White-striped Forest-rail, White-striped Forest-RailNTdecreasing
RALLIDAERougetius rougetiiRouget's RailNTdecreasing
OTIDIDAETetrax tetraxLittle BustardNTdecreasing
TURNICIDAETurnix melanogasterBlack-breasted Buttonquail, Black-breasted Button-quailNTdecreasing
RALLIDAEAenigmatolimnas marginalisStriped CrakeLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEAmaurolimnas concolorUniform CrakeLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEAmaurornis akoolBrown Bush-hen, Brown CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAEAmaurornis bicolorBlack-tailed CrakeLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEAmaurornis flavirostraBlack CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAEAmaurornis isabellinaIsabelline Bush-hen, Isabelline WaterhenLCunknown
RALLIDAEAmaurornis moluccanaPale-vented Bush-hen, Rufous-tailed WaterhenLCunknown
RALLIDAEAmaurornis olivaceaBush-hen, Plain Bush-henLCunknown
RALLIDAEAmaurornis phoenicurusWhite-breasted WaterhenLCunknown
GRUIDAEAnthropoides virgoDemoiselle CraneLCincreasing
RALLIDAEAnurolimnas castaneicepsChestnut-headed CrakeLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEAnurolimnas fasciatusBlack-banded CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAEAnurolimnas viridisRusset-crowned CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAEAramides axillarisRufous-necked Wood-rail, Rufous-necked Wood Rail, Rufous-necked Wood-RailLCunknown
RALLIDAEAramides cajaneusGray-necked Wood-Rail, Grey-necked Wood-rail, Grey-necked Wood Rail, Grey-necked Wood-RailLCstable
RALLIDAEAramides calopterusRed-winged Wood-rail, Red-winged Wood Rail, Red-winged Wood-RailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEAramides mangleLittle Wood-rail, Little Wood Rail, Little Wood-RailLCunknown
RALLIDAEAramides saracuraSlaty-breasted Wood-rail, Slaty-breasted Wood Rail, Slaty-breasted Wood-RailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEAramides ypecahaGiant Wood-rail, Giant Wood Rail, Giant Wood-RailLCdecreasing
ARAMIDAEAramus guaraunaLimpkinLCstable
OTIDIDAEArdeotis australisAustralian BustardLCdecreasing
OTIDIDAEArdeotis koriKori BustardLCdecreasing
RALLIDAECanirallus kioloidesKioloides Rail, Madagascar Grey-throated Rail, Madagascar Wood RailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAECanirallus oculeusGrey-throated RailLCdecreasing
CARIAMIDAECariama cristataRed-legged SeriemaLCstable
CARIAMIDAEChunga burmeisteriBlack-legged SeriemaLCstable
RALLIDAECoturnicops notatusSpeckled Crake, Speckled RailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAECoturnicops noveboracensisYellow RailLCstable
RALLIDAECrecopsis egregiaAfrican CrakeLCstable
RALLIDAECrex crexCorncrake, Corn CrakeLCstable
RALLIDAEDryolimnas cuvieriWhite-throated RailLCstable
RALLIDAEEulabeornis castaneoventrisChestnut RailLCunknown
OTIDIDAEEupodotis afraBlack BustardLCstable
OTIDIDAEEupodotis afraoidesWhite-quilled BustardLCstable
OTIDIDAEEupodotis gindianaBuff-crested BustardLCstable
OTIDIDAEEupodotis hartlaubiiHartlaub's BustardLCstable
OTIDIDAEEupodotis melanogasterBlack-bellied BustardLCdecreasing
OTIDIDAEEupodotis rueppelliiRueppell's Bustard, Rüppell's Bustard, Rüppell's KorhaanLCstable
OTIDIDAEEupodotis ruficristaRed-crested BustardLCstable
OTIDIDAEEupodotis savileiSavile's BustardLCstable
OTIDIDAEEupodotis senegalensisWhite-bellied BustardLCdecreasing
OTIDIDAEEupodotis vigorsiiKaroo Bustard, Karoo KorhaanLCincreasing
EURYPYGIDAEEurypyga heliasSunbitternLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEFulica americanaAmerican CootLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEFulica ardesiacaAndean Coot, Slate-colored Coot, Slate-coloured CootLCunknown
RALLIDAEFulica armillataRed-gartered CootLCunknown
RALLIDAEFulica atraCommon Coot, Coot, Eurasian Coot, European CootLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEFulica cristataCrested Coot, Red-knobbed Coot, Red-Knobbed CootLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEFulica giganteaGiant CootLCstable
RALLIDAEFulica leucopteraWhite-winged CootLCstable
RALLIDAEFulica rufifronsRed-fronted CootLCstable
RALLIDAEGallicrex cinereaWatercockLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEGallinula angulataLesser MoorhenLCunknown
RALLIDAEGallinula chloropusCommon Moorhen, MoorhenLCunknown
RALLIDAEGallinula melanopsSpot-flanked GallinuleLCstable
RALLIDAEGallinula mortieriiTasmanian Nativehen, Tasmanian Native-henLCunknown
RALLIDAEGallinula tenebrosaDusky MoorhenLCunknown
RALLIDAEGallinula ventralisBlack-tailed Nativehen, Black-tailed Native-henLCstable
RALLIDAEGallirallus philippensisBanded Land-Rail, Banded Rail, Buff-banded Rail, Sharpe's RailLCstable
RALLIDAEGallirallus striatusSlaty-breasted RailLCincreasing
RALLIDAEGallirallus torquatusBarred RailLCunknown
GRUIDAEGrus canadensisSandhill CraneLCincreasing
GRUIDAEGrus grusCommon Crane, CraneLCunknown
GRUIDAEGrus rubicundaBrolgaLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEGymnocrex plumbeiventrisBare-eyed RailLCunknown
HELIORNITHIDAEHeliornis fulicaSungrebeLCunknown
RALLIDAEHimantornis haematopusNkulengu RailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAELaterallus albigularisWhite-throated CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAELaterallus exilisGray-breasted Crake, Grey-breasted CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAELaterallus leucopyrrhusRed-and-white CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAELaterallus melanophaiusRufous-sided CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAELaterallus ruberRuddy CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAELewinia pectoralisLewin's RailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEMicropygia schomburgkiiOcellated CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAENeocrex erythropsPaint-billed CrakeLCunknown
OTIDIDAENeotis heugliniiHeuglin's BustardLCstable
TURNICIDAEOrtyxelos meiffreniiLark Buttonquail, Quail-ploverLCunknown
RALLIDAEPardirallus maculatusSpotted RailLCunknown
RALLIDAEPardirallus nigricansBlackish RailLCunknown
RALLIDAEPardirallus sanguinolentusPlumbeous RailLCstable
HELIORNITHIDAEPodica senegalensisAfrican FinfootLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEPorphyrio alleniAllen's Gallinule, Lesser GallinuleLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEPorphyrio flavirostrisAzure GallinuleLCunknown
RALLIDAEPorphyrio martinicusAmerican Purple Gallinule, Purple Gallinule, Yellow-legged GallinuleLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEPorphyrio porphyrioPurple Gallinule, Purple Swamphen, Purple Swamp-HenLCunknown
RALLIDAEPorzana albicollisAsh-throated CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAEPorzana carolinaSoraLCincreasing
RALLIDAEPorzana cinereaWhite-browed CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAEPorzana flaviventerYellow-breasted CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAEPorzana flumineaAustralian Crake, Australian Spotted CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAEPorzana fuscaRuddy-breasted CrakeLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEPorzana parvaLittle CrakeLCdecreasing
RALLIDAEPorzana porzanaSpotted CrakeLCstable
RALLIDAEPorzana pusillaBaillon's Crake, Marsh CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAEPorzana tabuensisSpotless CrakeLCunknown
PSOPHIIDAEPsophia crepitansGray-winged Trumpeter, Grey-winged TrumpeterLCdecreasing
PSOPHIIDAEPsophia leucopteraPale-winged TrumpeterLCdecreasing
RALLIDAERallina eurizonoidesSlaty-legged CrakeLCdecreasing
RALLIDAERallina fasciataRed-legged CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAERallina forbesiForbes's Forest Crake, Forbes's Forest-rail, Forbes's Forest-RailLCstable
RALLIDAERallina rubraChestnut Forest Crake, Chestnut Forest-rail, Chestnut Forest-RailLCstable
RALLIDAERallina tricolorRed-necked CrakeLCunknown
RALLIDAERallus aquaticusEuropean Water Rail, Water RailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAERallus caerulescensAfrican Rail, African Water Rail, Kaffir RailLCunknown
RALLIDAERallus elegansKing RailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAERallus limicolaVirginia RailLCincreasing
RALLIDAERallus longirostrisClapper RailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAESarothrura affinisRed-tailed Flufftail, Striped FlufftailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAESarothrura boehmiStreaky-breasted FlufftailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAESarothrura elegansBuff-spotted FlufftailLCstable
RALLIDAESarothrura insularisMadagascar FlufftailLCstable
RALLIDAESarothrura lugensChestnut-headed Flufftail, Long-toed FlufftailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAESarothrura pulchraWhite-spotted FlufftailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAESarothrura rufaRed-chested FlufftailLCdecreasing
TURNICIDAETurnix castanotusChestnut-backed Buttonquail, Chestnut-backed Button-quailLCstable
TURNICIDAETurnix hottentottusBlack-rumped Buttonquail, Hottentot ButtonquailLCdecreasing
TURNICIDAETurnix maculosusRed-backed Buttonquail, Red-backed Button-quailLCdecreasing
TURNICIDAETurnix nigricollisMadagascar ButtonquailLCstable
TURNICIDAETurnix ocellatusSpotted ButtonquailLCunknown
TURNICIDAETurnix pyrrhothoraxRed-chested Buttonquail, Red-chested Button-quailLCdecreasing
TURNICIDAETurnix suscitatorBarred ButtonquailLCincreasing
TURNICIDAETurnix sylvaticusAndalusian Hemipode, Kurrichane Buttonquail, Small ButtonquailLCdecreasing
TURNICIDAETurnix tankiYellow-legged ButtonquailLCstable
TURNICIDAETurnix variusPainted Buttonquail, Painted Button-quailLCdecreasing
TURNICIDAETurnix veloxLittle Buttonquail, Little Button-quailLCdecreasing
RALLIDAELewinia mirificaBrown-banded RailDDunknown
RALLIDAENeocrex colombianaColombian CrakeDDunknown
RALLIDAERallina mayriMayr's Forest Crake, Mayr's Forest-rail, Mayr's Forest-RailDDstable
TURNICIDAETurnix worcesteriLuzon Buttonquail, Worcester's ButtonquailDDunknown


This table and chart was last updated on August 8, 2012, based on data downloaded from the IUCN Red List site. For a species profile, click on its scientific name.





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