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Mongabay.com is considered a leading source of information on tropical forests by some of the world's top ecologists and conservationists. ENDANGERED SPECIES CHARTS:

The world's most endangered doves and pigeons


Chart: conservation status of the world's doves and pigeons
Click image to enlarge



The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species evaluates the conservation status of plant and animal species. The list is based on scientific assessment of an organism's status by experts.

Conservation status of the world's doves and pigeons


Species comprising the chart above include:

FamilyScientific nameCommon name(s)Red List statusPopulation trend
COLUMBIDAEAlectroenas nitidissimaMauritius Blue-pigeon, Mauritius Blue-PigeonEX
COLUMBIDAEAlectroenas rodericanaRodrigues Blue-pigeon, Rodrigues PigeonEX
COLUMBIDAECaloenas maculataLiverpool PigeonEX
COLUMBIDAEColumba duboisiReunion Pigeon, Réunion PigeonEX
COLUMBIDAEColumba jouyiRyukyu Pigeon, Ryukyu Wood PigeonEX
COLUMBIDAEColumba versicolorBonin Wood-pigeon, Bonin Wood-PigeonEX
COLUMBIDAEDysmoropelia dekarchiskosSt Helena DoveEX
COLUMBIDAEEctopistes migratoriusPassenger PigeonEX
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba ferrugineaTanna Ground-dove, Tanna Ground-DoveEX
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba norfolciensisNorfolk Island Ground-dove, Norfolk Island Ground-DoveEX
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba salamonisThick-billed Ground-dove, Thick-billed Ground Dove, Thick-billed Ground-DoveEX
COLUMBIDAEMicrogoura meekiChoiseul Pigeon, Kuvojo, Solomon Islands Crowned-pigeon, Solomons Crested PigeonEX
RAPHIDAEPezophaps solitariaRodrigues Solitaire, Rodriguez SolitaireEX
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus mercieriiMoustached Fruit Dove, Red-moustached Fruit-dove, Red-moustached Fruit-DoveEX
RAPHIDAERaphus cucullatusDodoEX
COLUMBIDAEZenaida graysoniSocorro DoveEW
COLUMBIDAEClaravis geoffroyiPurple-barred Ground-dove, Purple-winged Ground-dove, Purple-winged Ground Dove, Purple-winged Ground-DoveCRdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba argentinaGrey Wood-pigeon, Silvery Pigeon, Silvery Wood-pigeon, Silvery Wood-PigeonCRdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumbina cyanopisBlue-eyed Ground-dove, Blue-eyed Ground Dove, Blue-eyed Ground-DoveCRdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba erythropteraPolynesian Ground-dove, Polynesian Ground Dove, Polynesian Ground-Dove, Society Islands Ground-dove, White-collared Ground-doveCRdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba keayiNegros Bleeding-heartCRdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba menageiSulu Bleeding-heart, Tawitawi Bleeding-heartCRdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba platenaeMindoro Bleeding-heartCRdecreasing
COLUMBIDAELeptotila wellsiGrenada DoveCRdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus arcanusNegros Fruit-dove, Negros Fruit Dove, Negros Fruit-DoveCRdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba thomensisMaroon Pigeon, Sao Tome Olive Pigeon, Sao Tome Olive-PigeonENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDidunculus strigirostrisTooth-billed PigeonENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula auroraePolynesian Imperial-pigeon, Polynesian Imperial Pigeon, Polynesian Imperial-Pigeon, Society Islands PigeonENincreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula cineraceaTimor Imperial-pigeon, Timor Imperial Pigeon, Timor Imperial-PigeonENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula galeataMarquesan Imperial-pigeon, Marquesan Imperial Pigeon, Marquesan Imperial-Pigeon, Nukuhiva Imperial-pigeonENincreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula mindorensisMindoro Imperial-pigeon, Mindoro Imperial Pigeon, Mindoro Imperial-Pigeon, Mindoro Zone-tailed PigeonENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba hoedtiiWetar Ground-dove, Wetar Ground Dove, Wetar Ground-DoveENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba sanctaecrucisSanta Cruz Ground-dove, Santa Cruz Ground Dove, Santa Cruz Ground-DoveENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGeotrygon carrikeriTuxtla Quail-dove, Tuxtla Quail-Dove, Veracruz Quail-doveENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAELeptotila conoveriTolima DoveENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAENesoenas mayeriPink PigeonENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPhapitreron cinereicepsDark-eared Brown Dove, Tawitawi Brown-doveENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus roseicapillaMariana Fruit-dove, Mariana Fruit Dove, Mariana Fruit-DoveENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEStarnoenas cyanocephalaBlue-headed Quail-dove, Blue-headed Quail-DoveENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAETreron psittaceusTimor Green-pigeon, Timor Green Pigeon, Timor Green-PigeonENdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba elphinstoniiNilgiri Wood-pigeon, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Nilgiri Wood-PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba eversmanniPale-backed Pigeon, Yellow-eyed Dove, Yellow-eyed Pigeon, Yellow-eyed Stock DoveVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba pallidicepsYellow-legged PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba puniceaPale-capped Pigeon, Purple Wood-pigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba torringtoniaeCeylon Wood-Pigeon, Sri Lanka Wood-pigeon, Sri Lanka Wood PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula bakeriBaker's Imperial-Pigeon, Vanuatu Imperial-pigeon, Vanuatu Imperial PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula brenchleyiChestnut-bellied Imperial-pigeon, Chestnut-bellied Imperial Pigeon, Chestnut-bellied Imperial-PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula carolaSpotted Imperial-pigeon, Spotted Imperial Pigeon, Spotted Imperial-PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula pickeringiiGrey Imperial-pigeon, Grey Imperial Pigeon, Grey Imperial-PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba crinigeraMindanao Bleeding-heartVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba kubaryiCaroline Ground-dove, Caroline Islands Ground-dove, Caroline Islands Ground-Dove, White-fronted Ground DoveVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba rubescensMarquesan Ground-dove, Marquesan Ground Dove, Marquesan Ground-DoveVUstable
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba stairiFriendly Ground-Dove, Shy Ground-dove, Tongan Ground DoveVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGeophaps smithiiPartridge PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGeotrygon canicepsGrey-fronted Quail-Dove, Grey-headed Quail-dove, Grey-headed Quail-DoveVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGeotrygon saphirinaSapphire Quail-dove, Sapphire Quail-DoveVUstable
COLUMBIDAEGoura cristataBlue Crowned-pigeon, Common Crowned Pigeon, Great Goura, Western Crowned-pigeon, Western Crowned Pigeon, Western Crowned-PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGoura scheepmakeriMaroon-breasted Crowned-pigeon, Masked Goura, Scheepmaker's Crowned-pigeon, Southern Crowned-pigeon, Southern Crowned Pigeon, Southern Crowned-PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGoura victoriaVictoria Crowned-pigeon, Victoria Crowned Pigeon, Victoria Crowned-Pigeon, Victoria GouraVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEHenicophaps foersteriNew Britain BronzewingVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAELeptotila battyiAzuero Dove, Brown-backed DoveVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAELeptotila ochraceiventrisOchre-bellied DoveVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPatagioenas caribaeaRing-tailed PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPatagioenas oenopsMaranon Pigeon, Peruvian PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPatagioenas subvinaceaRuddy PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPhapitreron brunneicepsMindanao Brown-doveVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus chalcurusMakatea Fruit-dove, Makatea Fruit Dove, Makatea Fruit-DoveVUstable
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus dohertyiRed-naped Fruit-dove, Red-naped Fruit Dove, Red-naped Fruit-DoveVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus granulifronsCarunculated Fruit-dove, Carunculated Fruit Dove, Carunculated Fruit-DoveVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus huttoniRapa Fruit-dove, Rapa Fruit Dove, Rapa Fruit-DoveVUstable
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus insularisHenderson Fruit-dove, Henderson Island Fruit-Dove, Scarlet-capped Fruit DoveVUstable
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus marcheiFlame-breasted Fruit-dove, Flame-breasted Fruit Dove, Flame-breasted Fruit-DoveVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus rarotongensisCook Islands Fruit-dove, Cook Islands Fruit-Dove, Lilac-crowned Fruit DoveVUstable
COLUMBIDAETreron capelleiLarge Green-pigeon, Large Green Pigeon, Large Green-PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAETreron florisFlores Green-pigeon, Flores Green Pigeon, Flores Green-PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAETreron pembaensisPemba Green-pigeon, Pemba Green Pigeon, Pemba Green-PigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAETreron sanctithomaeSao Tome Green-pigeon, Sao Tome Green Pigeon, Sao Tome Green-Pigeon, Sao Tomé Green-pigeon, São Tomé Green-pigeonVUdecreasing
COLUMBIDAECaloenas nicobaricaNicobar Dove, Nicobar PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba albinuchaWhite-naped PigeonNTunknown
COLUMBIDAEColumba janthinaJapanese Wood-pigeon, Japanese Wood Pigeon, Japanese Wood-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba junoniaeLaurel Pigeon, White-tailed Laurel PigeonNTincreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba malherbiiIsland Bronze-naped Pigeon, Sao Tome Bronze-naped Pigeon, Sao Tomé Bronze-naped Pigeon, São Tomé Bronze-naped PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba palumboidesAndaman Wood-pigeon, Andaman Wood Pigeon, Andaman Wood-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEColumba polleniiComoro Olive-pigeon, Comoro Olive-Pigeon, Comoros Olive Pigeon, Comoros Rameron PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDrepanoptila holosericeaCloven-feathered DoveNTunknown
COLUMBIDAEDucula finschiiFinsch's Imperial-pigeon, Finsch's Imperial-Pigeon, Growling Imperial PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula goliathGiant Imperial-pigeon, Goliath Imperial Pigeon, New Caledonian Imperial-pigeon, New Caledonian Imperial-PigeonNTunknown
COLUMBIDAEDucula oceanicaMicronesian Imperial-pigeon, Micronesian Imperial Pigeon, Micronesian Imperial-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula poliocephalaPink-bellied Imperial-pigeon, Pink-bellied Imperial Pigeon, Pink-bellied Imperial-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula rosaceaPink-headed Imperial-pigeon, Pink-headed Imperial Pigeon, Pink-headed Imperial-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula rubriceraRed-knobbed Imperial-pigeon, Red-knobbed Imperial Pigeon, Red-knobbed Imperial-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula subflavescensBismarck Imperial Pigeon, Yellowish Imperial-pigeon, Yellow-tinted Imperial-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEDucula whartoniChristmas Imperial Pigeon, Christmas Island Imperial-pigeon, Christmas Island Imperial Pigeon, Christmas Island Imperial-PigeonNTstable
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba canifronsPalau Ground-dove, Palau Ground Dove, Palau Ground-DoveNTstable
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba luzonicaBleeding Heart Dove, Bleeding Heart Pigeon, Luzon Bleeding-heartNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGallicolumba xanthonuraWhite-throated Ground-dove, White-throated Ground Dove, White-throated Ground-DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEGeotrygon goldmaniRusset-crowned Quail-dove, Russet-crowned Quail-DoveNTstable
COLUMBIDAEGeotrygon versicolorCrested Quail-dove, Crested Quail-DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEHemiphaga novaeseelandiaeNew Zealand PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEMacropygia rufipennisAndaman Cuckoo-dove, Andaman Cuckoo-DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPatagioenas inornataPlain PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPatagioenas leucocephalaWhite-crowned PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus coralensisAtoll Fruit-dove, Atoll Fruit Dove, Atoll Fruit-DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus eugeniaeWhite-headed Fruit-dove, White-headed Fruit Dove, White-headed Fruit-DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus jambuJambu Fruit-dove, Jambu Fruit Dove, Jambu Fruit-DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus layardiWhistling Dove, Whistling Fruit DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus merrilliCream-bellied Fruit-dove, Cream-bellied Fruit-Dove, Cream-breasted Fruit DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus monachaBlue-capped Fruit-dove, Blue-capped Fruit Dove, Blue-capped Fruit-DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEPtilinopus subgularisMaroon-chinned Fruit-dove, Maroon-chinned Fruit Dove, Maroon-chinned Fruit-DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEReinwardtoena browniPied Cuckoo-dove, Pied Cuckoo-DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEReinwardtoena crassirostrisCrested Cuckoo-dove, Crested Cuckoo-DoveNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAEStreptopelia reichenowiWhite-winged Collared-dove, White-winged Collared Dove, White-winged Collared-Dove, White-winged DoveNTstable
COLUMBIDAETreron formosaeWhistling Green-pigeon, Whistling Green Pigeon, Whistling Green-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAETreron fulvicollisCinnamon-headed Green-pigeon, Cinnamon-headed Green Pigeon, Cinnamon-headed Green-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAETreron oxyurusSumatran Green-pigeon, Sumatran Green Pigeon, Sumatran Green-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAETreron teysmanniiSumba Green-pigeon, Sumba Green Pigeon, Sumba Green-PigeonNTdecreasing
COLUMBIDAETuracoena modestaBlack Cuckoo-Dove, Black Dove, Slaty Cuckoo-doveNTdecreasing


This table and chart was last updated on August 8, 2012, based on data downloaded from the IUCN Red List site. For a species profile, click on its scientific name.

Least concern species are excluded from this list



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