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Mongabay.com is considered a leading source of information on tropical forests by some of the world's top ecologists and conservationists. TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Imperiled Riches—Threatened Rainforests

Satisfying International Timber Demand



Before World War I most tropical timber entering the world market came from countries bordering the Atlantic Ocean, especially West Africa. Such hardwoods were useful in construction and the production of secondary wood products such as furniture and paneling. Demand for Amazonian and southeast Asian timber was mostly limited to certain species (mahogany, teak, ironwood) for specialty use.

The postwar reconstruction of Japan stimulated a surge in demand for southeast Asian timbers. This demand, coupled with technological achievements like one man chainsaws, bulldozers, sturdier trucks, and outboard motors, resulted in a sharp increase in logging in the Philippines and Malaysia. In the 1970s Indonesia joined the melee and market share for southeast Asia climbed above 70% of world tropical timber exports.

In the 1990s, declining timber stocks have forced loggers to seek out relatively unexploited timber resources in New Guinea, the Amazon, and Central Africa.


Continued: Economic Restructuring


Other pages in this section:

A World Imperilled
Threats from Humankind
Economic Restructuring
Logging
Fires
Commercial Agriculture
Hydro, Pollution, Hunting
Debt
Consumption, Conclusion
- - - - -
References
References
References
References
References
Natural forces
Subsistence Activities
Oil Extraction
Mining
War
Cattle Pasture
Fuelwood, Roads, Climate
Population & Poverty

- - - - -
Kids version of this section
- Why are rainforests disappearing?
- Logging
- Agriculture
- Cattle
- Roads
- Poverty


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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2015

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