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Mongabay.com is considered a leading source of information on tropical forests by some of the world's top ecologists and conservationists. TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Imperiled Riches—Threatened Rainforests

Commonly Harvested Tropical Timber Hardwoods





Africa: Iroko (African teak), Afara (Korina), Sapelli, Utile, Ayan, Ebony, Sipo, Okoumè (Gaboon), Moabi, Ayous, African mahogany (Khaya), Wengwe, Ozingo

Asia: Ironwood, Amboyna, Kapur, Sepetir, White seraya, Jelutong, Ramin, Meranti varieties, Teak

Latin America: Mahogany, Virola, Balsa, Greenheart, Crabwood, Mora, Ekki, Brazil Nut



Tree species to generally avoid when make sustainably-minded purchases. FSC-certifited is OK.

Common NameOther namesScientific NameDistribution
Africa
African ashKoto, Kyereye, OporoporoPterygota macrocarpaWest Africa
African mahoganyKhaya grandifoliola, K. senegalensisCentral Africa
African TeakChlorophora excelsaCentral and Western Africa
AfzeliaAja, Doussie, Odo NiyanAfzelia bipindensisWestern and Central Africa
UtileAfrican Mahogany, Sipo, Sapele, SapelliEntandrophragma utile, E. cylindricumCentral and Western Africa
AfrormosiaAssembla, Ayin, EgbaPericopsis elataWest Africa
African CherryPrunus africanaCentral Africa, Madagascar
Asia
AlmacigaAgathis philippinensisPhilippines
Beach calophyllumDamanu, BintangorCalophyllum insularumIndonesia
KauriAgathis borneensisSoutheast Asia
LauanShorea spp., Dipterocarpus spp.Southeast Asia
MerantiShorea spp., Parshorea spp.Southeast Asia
VitexMolaveVitex parvifloraSoutheast Asia
New Guinea WalnutPaldao, DaoDracontomelum dao, spp.Southeast Asia
NyatohPalaquium spp., Payena spp.Southeast Asia
Pencil cedarPalaquium spp.Southeast Asia
MerangRaminGonystylus bancanusSoutheast Asia
Red sandalwoodAlmugPterocarpus santalinusIndia
TeakCamphorwoodDryobalonops spp., Tectona spp.South East Asia
AgarwoodAquilaria malaccensisAsia
Ceylon SatinwoodChrysophyllum perpulchrumSouth Asia
Latin America
Brazilian CherryJatobaHymenaea courbarilBrazil
Honduran mahoganySwientenia spp.Central and South America
Brazilian WalnutIpe, LapachoCoriniana estrellenisSouth America
Parana pineBrazilian Pine, Pino BlancoAraucaria angustifoliaSouth America
ParlatoreiPodocarpus vitiensis, Decussocarpus vitiensisSouth America
Pau rosaAniba RosewoodAniba duckeiBrazil
RosewoodTulipwood, Bahia Rosewood. Brazilian Rosewood, Rio RosewoodDalbergia nigraBrazil
SajoCampnosperma panamensisCentral and South America
Guatemalan firAbies guatemalensisCentral America
AjoGarlic TreeCaryocar costaricenseCentral America
West Indian SatinwoodZanthoxylum flavumCaribbean
Spanish CedarCedrela odorataCentral and South America


Sources: RAN (the Rainforest Action Network, FAO, CIRAD

Continued: Economic Restructuring


Other pages in this section:

A World Imperilled
Threats from Humankind
Economic Restructuring
Logging
Fires
Commercial Agriculture
Hydro, Pollution, Hunting
Debt
Consumption, Conclusion
- - - - -
References
References
References
References
References
Natural forces
Subsistence Activities
Oil Extraction
Mining
War
Cattle Pasture
Fuelwood, Roads, Climate
Population & Poverty

- - - - -
Kids version of this section
- Why are rainforests disappearing?
- Logging
- Agriculture
- Cattle
- Roads
- Poverty


Selection of information sources








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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2015

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