Forest CoverTotal forest area: 197,290,000 ha % of land area: 21.2%
Primary forest cover: 11,632,000 ha % of land area: 1.2% % total forest area: 5.9%
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: 4,057,800 ha Annual deforestation rate: 2.2% Change in defor. rate since '90s: 81.4% Total forest loss since 1990: 40,149,000 ha Total forest loss since 1990:25.5%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990:0.0%
Forest ClassificationPublic: 100% Private: n/a Other: n/a Use Production: 58% Protection: 31.3% Conservation: 2.7% Social services: 1.2% Multiple purpose: 6.8% None or unknown: n/a
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 197,290,000 ha Primary: 11,632,000 ha Modified natural: 114,332,000 ha Semi-natural: 39,957,000 ha Production plantation: 28,530,000 ha Production plantation: 2,839,000 ha
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: 31,369,000 ha % of total forest cover: 15.9% Annual change rate (00-05): 1,489,000,000 ha
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: 9,271 M t Below-ground biomass: 2,920 M t
Area annually affected byFire: 51,000 ha Insects: 6,191,000 ha Diseases: 883,000 ha
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: 2,500 Critically endangered: 34 Endangered: 45 Vulnerable: 96
In the last decade of reform, China has made impressive headway in protecting and improving its environment. Massive reforestation projects, including the planting of 10 billion trees during the 1980s, have resulted in 38.3 million hectares of man-made forest. Improvements in energy sources for the poor has resulted in a decline in collection of fuelwood from forests.
China has two major regions of natural tropical forest: Hainan Island and Xishuangbanna in the Yunnan Province. The Hainan Province is home to China's only tropical rainforest, which contains 25 percent of China's mammal diversity and 33 percent of the country's bird diversity. The rainforest has been plagued by poaching (rampant throughout the country) and collection of fuelwood in the past, though today tougher restrictions, along with reforestation projects, offer a glimmer of hope for these diverse forests. The bulk of China's tropical timber comes from plantations in Yunnan and on Hainan Island.
Today most of China's influence on tropical forests comes on the consumption side. Chinese firms are active in legal and illegal logging operations around the globe, as well as being major sponsors of large agriculture projects (Indonesia and the Amazon), road and infrastructure construction (South America), and oil and mining development (South America, Asia, Africa). Below are some recent news articles on China's growing environmental impact beyond its borders:
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.