Forest CoverTotal forest area: 5,000 ha % of land area: 2.9%
Primary forest cover: n/a % of land area: 0.0% % total forest area: n/a
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: -600 ha Annual deforestation rate: -7.4% Change in defor. rate since '90s: 125.0% Total forest loss since 1990: -7,000 ha Total forest loss since 1990:-58.3%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990:n/a
Forest ClassificationPublic: 100% Private: 0% Other: 0% Use Production: 26.6% Protection: 73.4% Conservation: 0% Social services: 0% Multiple purpose: 0% None or unknown: 0
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 5,000 ha Primary: n/a Modified natural: 4,000 ha Semi-natural: n/a Production plantation: 1,000 ha Production plantation: n/a
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: 1,000 ha % of total forest cover: 26.6% Annual change rate (00-05): -110,000 ha
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: 1 M t Below-ground biomass: n/a M t
Area annually affected byFire: n/a Insects: n/a Diseases: n/a
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: 62 Critically endangered: 2 Endangered: 2 Vulnerable: 1
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Comoros is one of the world's poorest countries with few natural resources and a high population growth rate. Islanders are dependent on forest lands for subsistence cultivation and fuelwood. Since the close of the 1990s, deforestation rates have more than doubled, while the country lost 58 percent of its forest cover between 1990 and 2005. Today forests cover less than 3 percent of Comoros.
Currently, 24 percent of the land area of Comoros is under some form of protection. The islands have 138 species of birds and 721 species of plants.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.