Forest CoverTotal forest area: 13,000,000 ha % of land area: 11.9%
Primary forest cover: n/a % of land area: n/a % total forest area: n/a
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: -141,000 ha Annual deforestation rate: -1.1% Change in defor. rate since '90s: 10.4% Total forest loss since 1990: -2,114,000 ha Total forest loss since 1990:-14.0%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990:n/a
Forest ClassificationPublic: 100% Private: 0% Other: 0% Use Production: 3.8% Protection: n/a Conservation: n/a Social services: n/a Multiple purpose: 96.2% None or unknown: n/a
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 13,000,000 ha Primary: n/a Modified natural: 12,509,000 ha Semi-natural: n/a Production plantation: 491,000 ha Production plantation: n/a
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: 491,000 ha % of total forest cover: 3.8% Annual change rate (00-05): n/a
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: 396 M t Below-ground biomass: 107 M t
Area annually affected byFire: n/a Insects: n/a Diseases: n/a
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: 1,027 Critically endangered: 0 Endangered: 1 Vulnerable: 23
Ethiopia loses about 141,000 hectares of natural forest each year due to firewood collection, conversion to farmland, overgrazing, and use of forest wood for building material. Ethiopia faces a difficult future, because the agricultural sector, which forms the backbone of the economy, is totally dependent on forest resources.
Between 1990 and 2005, Ethiopia lost 14 percent of its forest cover or 2.1 million hectares. Deforestation rates have increased by 10.4 percent since the close of the 1990s.
On paper, 16.4 percent of Ethiopia is under some form of protection. The country has some 6,603 species of plants, 839 birds, 205 mammals, 288 reptiles, and 76 amphibians.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.