Forest CoverTotal forest area: 1,266,000 ha % of land area: 1%
Primary forest cover: 220,000 ha % of land area: 0.2% % total forest area: 17.4%
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: -12,400 ha Annual deforestation rate: -1.0% Change in defor. rate since '90s: -70.6% Total forest loss since 1990: -679,000 ha Total forest loss since 1990:-34.9%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990:0.0%
Forest ClassificationPublic: 100% Private: 0% Other: 0% Use Production: n/a Protection: 0.2% Conservation: 17.4% Social services: n/a Multiple purpose: 82.4% None or unknown: n/a
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 1,266,000 ha Primary: 220,000 ha Modified natural: 936,000 ha Semi-natural: n/a Production plantation: n/a Production plantation: 110,000 ha
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: 110,000 ha % of total forest cover: 8.7% Annual change rate (00-05): 7,500,000 ha
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: 20 M t Below-ground biomass: 5 M t
Area annually affected byFire: n/a Insects: n/a Diseases: n/a
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: 227 Critically endangered: 0 Endangered: 0 Vulnerable: 2
Niger, one of the world's poorest countries, has been especially hard hit by the collapse of the uranium market and is dependent on subsistence farming as the backbone of its economy. A high population growth rate puts pressure of the few remaining forest lands. Consequently, between 1990 and 2005, the country lost 679,000 hectares or 34.9 percent of its forest cover.
In Niger, formerly forested lands are plagued with soil loss and desertification. The Sahara desert, which already covers two-thirds of the country, is expanding at a rate of 200,000 hectares annually. In an effort to slow the Saraha's progress, the government planted more than 60 million trees between 1985 and 1997.
As of 2003, about 8 percent of Niger's land area was protected, but poaching and habitat loss are taking a heavy toll on the country's wildlife.
From a biodiversity standpoint, Niger has some 1,460 species of plants, 131 mammals, 493 birds, and 58 reptiles.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.