Forest CoverTotal forest area: 27,000 ha % of land area: 28.4%
Primary forest cover: 12,000 ha % of land area: 12.6% % total forest area: 44.4%
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in defor. rate since '90s: n/a Total forest loss since 1990: n/a Total forest loss since 1990:0.0%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990:0.0%
Forest ClassificationPublic: n/a Private: n/a Other: n/a Use Production: n/a Protection: n/a Conservation: n/a Social services: n/a Multiple purpose: n/a None or unknown: n/a
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 27,000 ha Primary: 12,000 ha Modified natural: 16,000 ha Semi-natural: n/a Production plantation: n/a Production plantation: n/a
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: n/a % of total forest cover: n/a Annual change rate (00-05): n/a
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: 6 M t Below-ground biomass: 3 M t
Area annually affected byFire: n/a Insects: n/a Diseases: n/a
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: n/a Critically endangered: 0 Endangered: 1 Vulnerable: 26
The geographic isolation from Africa of Sao Tome and Principe has resulted in high levels of endemism, notably among plants (87 species) and birds (26 species). Overall, Sao Tome and Principe has 895 species of plants, 112 birds, 15 mammals, 14 reptiles, and 9 amphibians. About 28 percent of the country is forested, of which 44 percent is classified as primary forest. Most of this remaining forest is found in the most inaccessible parts of the country. Nevertheless, commercial logging remains an important contributor to the economy, which has long been highly dependent on cocoa, the market for which has fallen in recent years. The country must import all of its fuel and most of its foodstuffs, putting it at risk of chronic debt, although it has gotten some relief under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. An offshore oil deposit may help the fortunes of Sao Tome and Principe in the near future.
Sao Tome and Principe has considerable potential for nature tourism. Currently very few tourists visit the islands—fewer than 5,000 Europeans visited in the year 2000, and almost none of them were tourists
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.