Forest CoverTotal forest area: 2,000 ha % of land area: 3.4%
Primary forest cover: 2,000 ha % of land area: 3.4% % total forest area: 100.0%
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in defor. rate since '90s: n/a Total forest loss since 1990: n/a Total forest loss since 1990:0.0%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990:0.0%
Forest ClassificationPublic: 100% Private: 0% Other: 0% Use Production: n/a Protection: n/a Conservation: 100% Social services: n/a Multiple purpose: n/a None or unknown: n/a
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 2,000 ha Primary: 2,000 ha Modified natural: n/a Semi-natural: n/a Production plantation: n/a Production plantation: n/a
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: n/a % of total forest cover: 0% Annual change rate (00-05): n/a
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: n/a M t Below-ground biomass: n/a M t
Area annually affected byFire: n/a Insects: n/a Diseases: n/a
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: 2,013 Critically endangered: 11 Endangered: 11 Vulnerable: 27
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and the Singapore Botanical Gardens' Jungle are Singapore's lone remnant rainforest
fragments from the island's once rich forest. Both of these fragments have been the focus of intense study on the
effect of fragmentation on forest patches. Both forests have been isolated for a long period—on the order of 130
years—but species composition is significantly different in the two patches. Bukit Timah Nature Reserve—50
hectares in size—retains some primary forest characteristics, while the smaller Botanical Gardens' Jungle—4
hectares—retains relatively little of its original diversity and forest structure.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.