Please note, this page is not longer being updated. For more recent information, please see news.mongabay.com and use the search function to find the country feed. For more up-to-date data on forest cover and loss, check out Global Forest Watch.
|Somalia Forest Figures
Total forest area: 7,131,000 ha
% of land area: 11.4%
Primary forest cover: n/a
% of land area: n/a
% total forest area: n/a
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005
Annual change in forest cover: -76,800 ha
Annual deforestation rate: -1.0%
Change in defor. rate since '90s: 10.3%
Total forest loss since 1990: -1,151,000 ha
Total forest loss since 1990:-13.9%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests
Annual loss of primary forests: n/a
Annual deforestation rate: n/a
Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a
Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a
Primary forest loss since 1990:n/a
Social services: n/a
Multiple purpose: 100%
None or unknown: n/a
Forest Area Breakdown
Total area: 7,131,000 ha
Modified natural: 7,128,000 ha
Production plantation: 3,000 ha
Production plantation: n/a
Plantations, 2005: 3,000 ha
% of total forest cover: n.s.%
Annual change rate (00-05): n/a
Above-ground biomass: 624 M t
Below-ground biomass: 150 M t
Area annually affected by
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Number of native tree species: n/a
Critically endangered: 0
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood: 132,000 m3 o.b.
Wood fuel: 12,202,000 m3 o.b.
Value of forest products, 2005
Industrial roundwood: n/a
Wood fuel: n/a
Non-wood forest products (NWFPs): n/a
Total Value: n/a
More forest statistics for Somalia
A recent story from Reuters ("Uphill struggle to preserve Somalia's wildlife," 11 Jan 2006 by Ed Stoddard) gave some insight into Somalia's environmental status. According to the article, Somalia had 40,000 elephants in 1980 but these are almost all gone today. There may be 500-750 lions in the country.
At last count by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme, there were 642 species of birds listed for Somalia, 222 mammals, 182 reptiles, 32 amphibians, and 3,028 species of plants.
Desertification is a problem in Somalia.
Suggested reading - Books
- Learning from Somalia
- Me Against My Brother: At War in Somalia, Sudan and Rwanda
- Somalia—The Untold Story : The War Through the Eyes of Somali Women
Unless otherwise specified, this article was written by Rhett A. Butler [Bibliographic citation for this page]
Contact me if you have suggestions on other rainforest-related environmental sites and resources for this country.
Image copyright Google Earth, MDA EarthSet, DigitalGlobe 2005
Somalia CIA-World Factbook Profile
World Resources Institute
Last updated: 4 Feb 2006