Forest CoverTotal forest area: 35,257,000 ha % of land area: 39.9%
Primary forest cover: n/a % of land area: n/a % total forest area: n/a
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: -412,200 ha Annual deforestation rate: -1.1% Change in defor. rate since '90s: 11.0% Total forest loss since 1990: -6,184,000 ha Total forest loss since 1990:-14.9%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990:n/a
Forest ClassificationPublic: 99.8% Private: 0.2% Other: n/a Use Production: 71% Protection: n/a Conservation: 6% Social services: n/a Multiple purpose: 22.9% None or unknown: n/a
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 35,257,000 ha Primary: n/a Modified natural: 35,107,000 ha Semi-natural: n/a Production plantation: 150,000 ha Production plantation: n/a
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: 150,000 ha % of total forest cover: 0.4% Annual change rate (00-05): n/a
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: 3,636 M t Below-ground biomass: 873 M t
Area annually affected byFire: 9,000 ha Insects: n/a Diseases: n/a
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: n/a Critically endangered: 8 Endangered: 35 Vulnerable: 49
Tanzania still has extensive forest cover, most of which is savanna woodland and montane forest, though there
are scattered patches of lowland forest. Much of this forest has high biodiversity and endemism—especially in the southern highlands region. However, these forests are increasingly threatened by fuelwood collection by the rapidly expanding population, as well as by commercial felling of timber and expanding agriculture—which makes up 58 percent of the GNP.
In 2002, the Tanzanian government passed the Forest Act which banned exportation of logs starting in July 2004. However, the regulations were poorly enforced and illegal logging continued apace—by one estimate the country lost 91,000 hectares to illegal felling each year. In early 2006, the Tanzanian government reinforced the export ban logs and sandalwood in an effort to reduce deforestation. The country planted 100 million trees between 1999 and 2006.
Despite 40 percent of the country being preserved in parks, forests are being reduced rapidly in some regions. Overall forest cover fell by 15 percent between 1990 and 2005, but deforestation rates have increased significantly since 2000.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.