Forest CoverTotal forest area: 42,452,000 ha % of land area: 57.1%
Primary forest cover: n/a % of land area: n/a % total forest area: n/a
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: -444,800 ha Annual deforestation rate: -1.0% Change in defor. rate since '90s: 10.0% Total forest loss since 1990: -6,672,000 ha Total forest loss since 1990:-13.6%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990:n/a
Forest ClassificationPublic: 100% Private: n/a Other: n/a Use Production: 7.1% Protection: 4.2% Conservation: 15% Social services: n/a Multiple purpose: 73.7% None or unknown: n/a
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 42,452,000 ha Primary: n/a Modified natural: 42,377,000 ha Semi-natural: n/a Production plantation: 75,000 ha Production plantation: n/a
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: 75,000 ha % of total forest cover: 0.2% Annual change rate (00-05): n/a
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: 1,821 M t Below-ground biomass: 492 M t
Area annually affected byFire: n/a Insects: n/a Diseases: n/a
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: 2,621 Critically endangered: 0 Endangered: 11 Vulnerable: 14
Despite numerous parks which protect more than 40 percent of the country, Zambia has serious problems with poaching—which has dramatically reduced elephant and rhino populations—and deforestation. Forest loss is mostly the by-product of widespread slash-and-burn agriculture, and primary tropical forests have disappeared from the country.
The hardwood forests of the Western grasslands are in much better shape, but logging is on the rise.
Zambia is home to nearly 4,800 species of plants, 770 birds, 233 mammals, 143 reptiles, and 57 amphibians.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.