Forest CoverTotal forest area: 17,540,000 ha % of land area: 45.3%
Primary forest cover: n/a % of land area: n/a % total forest area: n/a
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: -313,000 ha Annual deforestation rate: -1.7% Change in defor. rate since '90s: 16.4% Total forest loss since 1990: -4,694,000 ha Total forest loss since 1990:-21.1%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990:n/a
Forest ClassificationPublic: n/a Private: n/a Other: n/a Use Production: 10.1% Protection: 2.8% Conservation: n/a Social services: n/a Multiple purpose: 87.1% None or unknown: n/a
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 17,540,000 ha Primary: n/a Modified natural: 17,385,000 ha Semi-natural: n/a Production plantation: 154,000 ha Production plantation: n/a
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: 154,000 ha % of total forest cover: 0.9% Annual change rate (00-05): n/a
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: 843 M t Below-ground biomass: 226 M t
Area annually affected byFire: n/a Insects: n/a Diseases: n/a
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: 1,747 Critically endangered: 0 Endangered: 2 Vulnerable: 12
Zimbabwe—a country with serious social and political problems—has environmental concerns to match. Misguided resettlement programs by the government have resulted in environmental degradation and soil erosion, while reducing agricultural yields. Over-grazing and agriculture, combined with the erosion, are causing desertification in some areas.
Between 1990 and 2005, Zimbabwe lost 21 percent of its forest cover. The country has no primary forests left, and deforestation rates have increased by 16 percent since the end of the 1990s.
Despite this degradation, Zimbabwe has some 1,747 species of trees among its 4,500 species of higher plants. The country is also home to a number of safari animals like elephants, lions, and hippos. In total 270 species of mammals are found in Zimbabwe along with 180 reptiles and 661 birds.
From a tourism standpoint, Zimbabwe is best-known internationally for Victoria Falls and the Zambezi river. On paper, 14.7 percent of the country is under some form of protection.
Zimbabwe has one of the highest rates of AIDS infection on the planet, and population growth rates have fallen significantly
in the past decade to 1.1 percent (without AIDS the population growth rate would be 2.5 percent). Today, because of AIDS, life
expectancy in Zimbabwe has fallen from 64.9 to 39.2, almost a 40 percent decrease.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.