1.0% —or about 2,277,000 hectares—of Algeria is forested.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Algeria gained an average of 35,400 hectares of forest per year. The amounts to an average annual reforestation rate of 1.98%. Between 2000 and 2005, the rate of forest change decreased by 37.3% to 1.24% per annum. In total, between 1990 and 2005, Algeria gained 27.2% of its forest cover, or around 487,000 hectares. Measuring the total rate of habitat conversion (defined as change in forest area plus change in woodland area minus net plantation expansion) for the 1990-2005 interval, Algeria gained 3.6% of its forest and woodland habitat.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Algeria has some 582 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.5% are threatened. Algeria is home to at least 3164 species of vascular plants, of which 7.9% are endemic. 5.1% of Algeria is protected under IUCN categories I-V.


Algeria: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)-
Total Forest Area (ha)2,277,000
Percent Forest Cover-
Primary Forest Cover (ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Primary Forest, % total land-
Other wooded land (ha)1,595,000

Algeria : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)0%
Subtropical (% forest area)100%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)0%

Algeria: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)--
Modified natural (ha | %)1,206,00053.0%
Semi-natural (ha | %)316,00013.9%
Production plantation (ha | %)12,0000.5%
Production plantation (ha | %)742,00032.6%

Algeria: Change in Forest Cover
Forest 1990 (ha)1,790,000
Forest 2000 (ha)2,144,000
Forest 2005 (ha)2,277,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)35,4001.98%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)26,6001.24%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)487,00027.21%
Change in rate (%)-37.27%
Primary 1990 (ha)-
Primary 2000 (ha)-
Primary 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
Other 1990 (ha)1,840,000
Other 2000 (ha)1,662,000
Other 2005 (ha)1,595,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(17,800)-0.97%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(13,400)-0.81%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(245,000)-13.32%
Change in rate (%)-16.66%
Other 1990 (ha)620,000
Other 2000 (ha)652,000
Other 2005 (ha)754,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)3,2000.52%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)20,4003.13%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)134,00021.61%
Change in rate (%)506.21%
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)3,010,000
Other 2000 (ha)3,154,000
Other 2005 (ha)3,118,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)14,4000.48%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(7,200)-0.23%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)108,0003.59%
Change in rate (%)-147.72%

Algeria: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)0
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)-

Algeria: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)83.7%
Private (%)16.3%
Other (%)-
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)100.0%
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)32.9%
Protection (%)63.0%
Conservation (%)4.0%
Social Services (%)0.1%
Multiple Services (%)-
None of Unknown (%)-

Algeria: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)0.65%
Insects (ha)-
Diseases (ha)6.06%
Other (ha)-

Algeria: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 200526
World Heritage sites, 20047
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land5.1%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land4.96%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20040.02%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 20040.00%

Algeria: Biodiversity - Wildlife
total species13
endemic species0
threatened species1
total species372
endemic species1
threatened species11
total species100
endemic species2
threatened species12
total species97
endemic species3
threatened species2
Wildlife diversity
total species582
endemic species6
threatened species26

Algeria: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species20
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered0
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Number endemic250
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatened2

Algeria: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)183
Below-ground biomass (M t)44
Dead wood (M t)-
Total (M t)-
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)92
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)22
Carbon in dead wood (M t)-
Carbon in litter (M t)-
Soil carbon (M t)86
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)150
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)45
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)195
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)n.s.
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)-
Exudates (t)-
Other plant products (t)-
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)2,000
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)$4,400,000
Wood fuel (US$)$184,000
Non-wood forest products (US$)$13,333,000
Total value (US$)$17,917,000
Total value ($USD/ha)$8
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employed29,000

Algeria : Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002
Woodfuel ('000 cubic m), 2002
Industrial roundwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Sawnwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Wood-based panels ('000 cubic m), 2002
Pulp for paper ('000 metric tons), 2002
Paper and paperboard ('000 metric tons), 2002
Algeria: Environment
Environment - current issuessoil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Natural hazardsmountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season

Algeria: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 3.22%
permanent crops: 0.25%
other: 96.53% (2001)
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

Algeria: Economy
Economy - overview:The hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the seventh-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the second-largest gas exporter; it ranks 14th in oil reserves. Sustained high oil prices in recent years, along with macroeconomic policy reforms supported by the IMF, have helped improve Algeria's financial and macroeconomic indicators. Algeria is running substantial trade surpluses and building up record foreign exchange reserves. Real GDP has risen due to higher oil output and increased government spending. The government's continued efforts to diversify the economy by attracting foreign and domestic investment outside the energy sector, however, has had little success in reducing high unemployment and improving living standards. Structural reform within the economy moves ahead slowly.
GDP - per capita$7,300 (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)7.1% (2005 est.)
Agriculture - productswheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 10%, industry: 59.5%, services: 30.5% (2005 est.)
Industries petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
Economic aid - recipient$122.8 million (2002 est.)
Debt - external$21.54 billion (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line (%)23% (1999 est.)
Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 14%, industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%, other 16% (2003 est.)

Algeria: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)32,531,853
Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.22%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)13.7
Percent rural (2003)41.2%
Median age (years)total: 24.36 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.92 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%

Largest Cities in Algeria

Cities and urban areas in Algeria with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

Urban Area Rank City Pop Rank City Country City Population Urban Area Population
76 121 Algiers Algeria 1696000 3815900
541 382 Oran Algeria 732000 772900
615 582 Constantine Algeria 515800 669700
1273 1187 Batnah Algeria 270700 270700
1412 1344 Annaba Algeria 240100 240100
1434 1366 Setif Algeria 236500 236500
1680 1640 Sidi bel Abbes Algeria 201200 201200
1776 1739 Biskara Algeria 190800 190800
1933 1904 Djelfa Algeria 172200 172200
1946 1917 Tebessa Algeria 171000 171000
1948 1920 Blida Algeria 170900 170900
1958 1930 Sakikdah Algeria 170000 170000
2018 1992 Bejaia Algeria 164200 164200
2041 2015 Tiyarat Algeria 162200 162200

Algeria: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use2,199,600 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular1,447,310 (2003)
Roadways (km)total: 104,000 km
paved: 71,656 km
unpaved: 32,344 km (1999)

Algeria: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 73 years
male: 71.45 years
female: 74.63 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate31 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% ; note - no country specific models provided (2001 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: cutaneous leishmaniasis is a high risk in some locations (2004)

Algeria : References & Data Sources

 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of

Tropical rainforest information

 World Rainforests
 Rainforest Structure
 Rainforest Biodiversity
 Forest Floor
 Rainforest Waters
 Indigenous People
 Global Importance

 Rainforest Conservation
 Country Reports update soon
 Deforestation Tables
 The Amazon Rainforest update soon
 The Congo Rainforest update soon
 Deforestation in Brazil
 Rainforest Images

Mongabay Rainforests
Mongabay News
Mongabay Photos

what's new | rainforests home | help support the site | madagascar | search | about | contact

Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2006

"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site.
Same for "rainforests" and "rain forests". "Jungle" is generally not used.