STATISTICS: Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda

20.5% —or about 9,000 hectares—of Antigua and Barbuda is forested.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Antigua and Barbuda had no significant change or no reported in forest cover.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Antigua and Barbuda has some 209 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 2.9% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.3% are threatened. Antigua and Barbuda is home to at least 1158 species of vascular plants, of which 1.9% are endemic. 0.0% of Antigua and Barbuda is protected under IUCN categories I-V.


Antigua and Barbuda: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)44,000
Total Forest Area (ha)9,000
Percent Forest Cover20.45%
Primary Forest Cover (ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Primary Forest, % total land-
Other wooded land (ha)16,000

Antigua and Barbuda : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)100%
Subtropical (% forest area)0%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)0%

Antigua and Barbuda: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)--
Modified natural (ha | %)--
Semi-natural (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--

Antigua and Barbuda: Change in Forest Cover
Forest 1990 (ha)9,000
Forest 2000 (ha)9,000
Forest 2005 (ha)9,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
Primary 1990 (ha)-
Primary 2000 (ha)-
Primary 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
Other 1990 (ha)16,000
Other 2000 (ha)16,000
Other 2005 (ha)16,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)25,000
Other 2000 (ha)25,000
Other 2005 (ha)25,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!

Antigua and Barbuda: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)0
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)0.00%

Antigua and Barbuda: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)-
Protection (%)-
Conservation (%)-
Social Services (%)-
Multiple Services (%)-
None of Unknown (%)-

Antigua and Barbuda: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)-
Insects (ha)-
Diseases (ha)-
Other (ha)-

Antigua and Barbuda: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 20050
World Heritage sites, 20040
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land0.0%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land0.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20040.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 20040.00%

Antigua and Barbuda: Biodiversity - Wildlife
total species2
endemic species0
threatened species0
total species178
endemic species3
threatened species2
total species8
endemic species0
threatened species0
total species21
endemic species3
threatened species5
Wildlife diversity
total species209
endemic species6
threatened species7

Antigua and Barbuda: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species-
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered0
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Number endemic22
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatened4

Antigua and Barbuda: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)-
Below-ground biomass (M t)-
Dead wood (M t)-
Total (M t)-
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in dead wood (M t)-
Carbon in litter (M t)-
Soil carbon (M t)-
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)-
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)-
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)-
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)-
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)-
Exudates (t)-
Other plant products (t)-
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)-
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)-
Wood fuel (US$)-
Non-wood forest products (US$)-
Total value (US$)-
Total value ($USD/ha)$-
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employed-

Antigua and Barbuda : Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002
Woodfuel ('000 cubic m), 2002
Industrial roundwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Sawnwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Wood-based panels ('000 cubic m), 2002
Pulp for paper ('000 metric tons), 2002
Paper and paperboard ('000 metric tons), 2002
Antigua and Barbuda: Environment
Environment - current issueswater management - a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Natural hazardshurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts

Antigua and Barbuda: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 18.18%
permanent crops: 4.55%
other: 77.27% (2001)
Natural resourcesNEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism

Antigua and Barbuda: Economy
Economy - overview:Tourism continues to dominate the economy, accounting for more than half of GDP. Weak tourist arrival numbers since early 2000 have slowed the economy, however, and pressed the government into a tight fiscal corner. The dual-island nation's agricultural production is focused on the domestic market and constrained by a limited water supply and a labor shortage stemming from the lure of higher wages in tourism and construction. Manufacturing comprises enclave-type assembly for export with major products being bedding, handicrafts, and electronic components. Prospects for economic growth in the medium term will continue to depend on income growth in the industrialized world, especially in the US, which accounts for slightly more than one-third of tourist arrivals.
GDP - per capita$11,000 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)3% (2002 est.)
Agriculture - productscotton, fruits, vegetables, bananas, coconuts, cucumbers, mangoes, sugarcane; livestock
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 3.9%, industry: 19.2%, services: 76.8% (2002)
Industries tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)
Economic aid - recipient$2.3 million (1995)
Debt - external$231 million (1999)
Population below poverty line (%)NA
Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 7%, industry 11%, services 82% (1983)

Antigua and Barbuda: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)68,722
Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.57%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)155.3
Percent rural (2003)62.3%
Median age (years)total: 29.67 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.26 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)black, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian

[an error occurred while processing this directive] Antigua and Barbuda: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use38,000 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular38,200 (2002)
Roadways (km)total: 1,165 km
paved: 384 km
781 km (2002)

Antigua and Barbuda: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 71.9 years
male: 69.53 years
female: 74.38 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate19.46 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

Antigua and Barbuda : References & Data Sources

 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of

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