STATISTICS: Brunei Darussalam


Brunei Darussalam

52.8% —or about 278,000 hectares—of Brunei Darussalam is forested. Of this, 100.0% —or roughly 278,000 hectares—is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse form of forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Brunei Darussalam lost an average of 2,500 hectares of forest per year. The amounts to an average annual deforestation rate of 0.80%. Between 2000 and 2005, the rate of forest change decreased by 13.1% to 0.69% per annum. In total, between 1990 and 2005, Brunei Darussalam lost 11.2% of its forest cover, or around 35,000 hectares. Brunei Darussalam lost -35,000 hectares—0—of its primary forest cover during that time. Deforestation rates of primary cover have decreased 11.2% since the close of the 1990s. Measuring the total rate of habitat conversion (defined as change in forest area plus change in woodland area minus net plantation expansion) for the 1990-2005 interval, Brunei Darussalam lost 3.7% of its forest and woodland habitat.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Brunei Darussalam has some 644 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.7% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 6.7% are threatened. Brunei Darussalam is home to at least 6000 species of vascular plants, of which 0.1% are endemic. 23.9% of Brunei Darussalam is protected under IUCN categories I-V.






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Brunei Darussalam: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)527,000
Total Forest Area (ha)278,000
Percent Forest Cover52.75%
Primary Forest Cover (ha)278,000
Primary Forest, % total forest100.00%
Primary Forest, % total land52.75%
Other wooded land (ha)160,000


Brunei Darussalam : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)100%
Subtropical (% forest area)0%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)0%


Brunei Darussalam: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)278,000100.0%
Modified natural (ha | %)--
Semi-natural (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--


Brunei Darussalam: Change in Forest Cover
TOTAL FOREST COVER
Forest 1990 (ha)313,000
Forest 2000 (ha)288,000
Forest 2005 (ha)278,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(2,500)-0.80%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(2,000)-0.69%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(35,000)-11.18%
Change in rate (%)-13.06%
PRIMARY FOREST COVER
Primary 1990 (ha)313,000
Primary 2000 (ha)288,000
Primary 2005 (ha)278,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(2,500)-0.80%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(2,000)-0.69%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(35,000)-11.18%
Change in rate (%)-13.06%
OTHER WOODED LAND
Other 1990 (ha)142,000
Other 2000 (ha)155,000
Other 2005 (ha)160,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)1,3000.92%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)1,0000.65%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)18,00012.68%
Change in rate (%)-29.53%
PLANTATIONS
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
TOTAL DEGRADATION/CONSERVSION
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)455,000
Other 2000 (ha)443,000
Other 2005 (ha)438,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(1,200)-0.26%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(1,000)-0.23%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(17,000)-3.74%
Change in rate (%)-14.41%


Brunei Darussalam: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)278,000
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)278,000
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)52.75%


Brunei Darussalam: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)100.0%
Private (%)0.0%
Other (%)-
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)94.8%
Private (%)5.2%
Other (%)-
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)62.6%
Protection (%)6.8%
Conservation (%)29.1%
Social Services (%)1.4%
Multiple Services (%)-
None of Unknown (%)-


Brunei Darussalam: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)-
Insects (ha)-
Diseases (ha)-
Other (ha)-


Brunei Darussalam: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 20050
World Heritage sites, 20040
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land23.9%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land23.52%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20040.33%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 200432.31%


Brunei Darussalam: Biodiversity - Wildlife
Amphibians
total species4
endemic species0
threatened species3
Birds
total species455
endemic species11
threatened species25
Mammals
total species112
endemic species0
threatened species11
Reptiles
total species73
endemic species0
threatened species4
Wildlife diversity
total species644
endemic species11
threatened species43


Brunei Darussalam: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
-
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
-
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species2,000
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered37
Endangered24
Vulnerable31
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Total6000
Number endemic7
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatened99


Brunei Darussalam: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)63
Below-ground biomass (M t)15
Dead wood (M t)9
Total (M t)87
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)32
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)8
Carbon in dead wood (M t)4
Carbon in litter (M t)6
Soil carbon (M t)-
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
1990-2000-547
2000-2005-438
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
1990-2000n.s.
2000-2005n.s.
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)100
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)n.s.
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)100
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)n.s.
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)-
Exudates (t)-
Other plant products (t)-
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)-
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)$3,160,000
Wood fuel (US$)$2,000
Non-wood forest products (US$)-
Total value (US$)$3,162,000
Total value ($USD/ha)$11
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employed1,000


Brunei Darussalam : Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002
Woodfuel ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production12
Imports0
Exports0
Consumption12
Industrial roundwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production217
Imports0
Exports1
Consumption216
Sawnwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production90
Imports0
Exports0
Consumption90
Wood-based panels ('000 cubic m), 2002
Production-
Imports1
Exports0
Consumption1
Pulp for paper ('000 metric tons), 2002
Production-
Imports0
Exports-
Consumption0
Paper and paperboard ('000 metric tons), 2002
Production-
Imports2
Exports0
Consumption2
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Brunei Darussalam: Population / Demographics
Percent rural (2003)23.8%


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Brunei Darussalam : References & Data Sources


 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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