Deforestation statistics for Costa Rica



Total land area: Costa Rica

Total land areaha
Land area5,136,412
Tree cover in 20183,776,808

 

Forest and tree cover extent: Costa Rica

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Costa Rica. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
20003,924,442
20011,485,836
20101,477,0483,881,314
20181,462,3733,776,808
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
39%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
73.5%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Costa Rica

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for Costa Rica by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200115,507
200275213,334
20035918,279
20046039,795
20058689,795
200671310,091
200784511,472
20081,31121,924
20091,99822,524
20101,10713,181
201199810,531
201275410,391
20137607,803
201495810,963
20152213,307
20161,58113,817
20177,69522,141
20181,70812,372
Primary loss 2002-201823,464
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
211,720
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
11.1%
Percent loss
2001-2018
1.6%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
976.51 13,590
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
1,834.38 11,416

 

Biodiversity data: Costa Rica

Species count by taxa for Costa Rica. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds857
Amphibians211
Reptiles263
Fishes1120
Mammals227
Vascular plants12119

 

Conservation data: Costa Rica

Data on threatened species in Costa Rica as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)11
Threatened birds (2018)27
Threatened fishes (2018)64
Threatened higher plants (2018)143

 

Protected areas data: Costa Rica

Data on threatened species in Costa Rica as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
27.6
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for Costa Rica

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
105136412411729080.20%403869478.60%394540776.80%2372885.80%131831440011661
155136412405862079.00%398386777.60%389114875.80%2364875.80%131381437711590
205136412400569978.00%396476177.20%387262375.40%2355625.90%130871434211517
255136412397154977.30%393054676.50%383873674.70%2349795.90%130541431711476
305136412392444276.40%388131475.60%378998973.80%2340376.00%130021427111416
505136412369537671.90%355587869.20%346752167.50%2253356.10%125191369811045
755136412312751560.90%311052360.60%303237959.00%1970636.30%10948118929768

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Costa Rica

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
105136412411729040386941457739789449170852495394823479894574888
155136412405862039838671448677097448494342491635822239674567998
205136412400569939647611440255558447720562487336820821394560119
255136412397154939305461434761431447195192484418819858134554767
305136412392444238813141427078790446406902480038818412804546738
505136412369537635558781386216306438370532435392803679244464885
755136412312751531105231251117918405021392250119742539754125221

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in Costa Rica

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Alajuela97090868674768804366722169%589399%3,274381176%3,812208223%2,603
Cartago30540926646226717726508487%61042%33940112%40120931%262
Guanacaste102240861069960733359751358%336916%1,872238714%2,38798202%1,228
Heredia26542722091421800021267280%121135%67367853%67953282%666
Limón92049582171982283679931387%402315%2,235167082%1,671235233%2,940
Puntarenas114872891336689062686727275%622307%3,457388764%3,888233543%2,919
San José50303740453538729938091476%207295%1,152143444%1,43463852%798

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in Costa Rica

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Alajuela9709086867476880432356875862074394911524421340397917497
Cartago305409266462267177104839544235689713093915586399784
Guanacaste102240861069960733319046590110303802572433723897383104
Heredia265427220914218000836519174282830237935250911221715
Limón920495821719822836326037682147352618186266517891027171
Puntarenas114872891336689062633800869321889189121606613636671031565
San José5030374045353872991483874677529352418297516194295927

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in Costa Rica

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Alajuela97090868674768804312855686718711314871628604731126500452
Cartago305409266462267177571852062151285587714228501754428
Guanacaste10224086106996073331038904931705620255312236394853208966
Heredia265427220914218000456283192072336090129783136861120935
Limón9204958217198228361778387372178037415446523355521560275
Puntarenas114872891336689062618436837720211939556663309743818562672
San José503037404535387299809386182004106916228162281560161415

 

 

Archived forest data for Costa Rica | Forest data for Costa Rica

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

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