Deforestation statistics for Cuba

Total land area: Cuba

Total land areaha
Land area11,125,199
Tree cover in 20184,030,755

 

Forest and tree cover extent: Cuba

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Cuba. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
20004,025,055
2001400,820
2010392,9634,251,030
2018360,3644,030,755
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
9%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
36.2%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Cuba

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for Cuba by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200119,001
20022,95815,067
20032026,571
200465222,025
20051,02422,025
200646712,326
20074657,890
20081,20517,122
200975916,290
20101268,635
201131116,359
201224410,364
2013686,088
2014595,876
20151556,738
201630274,222
201728,90777,004
20182,55214,989
Primary loss 2002-201840,456
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
339,591
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
11.9%
Percent loss
2001-2018
10.1%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
872.95 14,695
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
4,074.96 26,455

 

Biodiversity data: Cuba

Species count by taxa for Cuba. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds317
Amphibians69
Reptiles175
Fishes1103
Mammals65
Vascular plants6522

 

Conservation data: Cuba

Data on threatened species in Cuba as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)10
Threatened birds (2018)19
Threatened fishes (2018)44
Threatened higher plants (2018)179

 

Protected areas data: Cuba

Data on threatened species in Cuba as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
16.6
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for Cuba

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
1011125199441301439.70%459105041.30%437228239.30%3594338.10%199691406727346
1511125199428829538.50%454987140.90%433393939.00%3559188.30%197731399926992
2011125199419951737.70%447328740.20%425921138.30%3532568.40%196251391826760
2511125199412632637.10%438140439.40%416826737.50%3517288.50%195401385926642
3011125199402505536.20%425103038.20%403939036.30%3494268.70%194131377926455
5011125199362684332.60%359451232.30%339036130.50%3317649.10%184311276125519
7511125199288581125.90%255831623.00%237843021.40%2821399.80%156741022522486

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Cuba

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
101112519944130144591050886329106468779892604333859429814774610
151112519942882954549871875386848467200402595558856534394758524
201112519941995174473287866888396465847422588041854053944744744
251112519941263264381404860144012465133842584077852745494737475
301112519940250554251030850414557464002222577790850670894725949
501112519936268433594512809573255454549102525273833340134629667
751112519928858112558316707729538417254122318078764966094249812

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in Cuba

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Camagüey158247652218855651952949133%490059%2,723219774%2,198270285%3,379
Ciego de Ávila74045317994120993219028826%2263313%1,25729892%299196449%2,456
Cienfuegos40153813024113919913437033%88847%49440553%40648293%604
Ciudad de la Habana8266713683117581159514%10798%609167%921631%20
Granma86877033392235713535238241%122294%67974762%74847531%594
Guantánamo61768041602339685731883052%8871921%4,929106923%1,0697802720%9,753
Holguín87304732166831024830408935%138004%76776412%76461592%770
Isla de la Juventud25335412136313122012956051%55405%30838803%38816601%208
La Habana19663433406376643694019%15255%858012%807242%91
Las Tunas65742616904717260317050626%80895%44959924%59920971%262
Matanzas117491234224143446042500436%228097%1,267133534%1,33594562%1,182
Mayabeque36904884768947299334125%27243%15113362%13413881%174
Pinar del Río110673255915456022154185549%466818%2,593283155%2,832183663%2,296
Sancti Spíritus63909819254021620020632532%151358%84152603%52698755%1,234
Santiago de Cuba64298238084235987435223855%251567%1,398175205%1,75276362%955
Villa Clara91838222402826241124257626%2541811%1,41255832%558198358%2,479

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in Cuba

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Camagüey1582476522188556519739295667737561429865362922513543
Ciego de Ávila74045317994120993224938682352948519608343748386501
Cienfuegos40153813024113919926897671180422610023582992121789
Ciudad de la Habana82667136831175824456331742659681146863425
Granma868770333922357135803879483045655169203192365140250
Guantánamo6176804160233968571328284183329698818498333197443762444
Holguín873047321668310248745573593523931195774182222212714
Isla de la Juventud253354121363131220177112981085174602878124434092
La Habana19663433406376645556924231220128461246213326
Las Tunas657426169047172603212274381178244654588832936869
Matanzas1174912342241434460518609243554320197462220565168584
Mayabeque369048847689472916496882489096271722402031113
Pinar del Río110673255915456022113189498411721141651175746155532449
Sancti Spíritus639098192540216200403203743042993169055105316248729
Santiago de Cuba6429823808423598741075740096901056383392464224282353
Villa Clara918382224028262411417864473751734208430107691334353

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in Cuba

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Camagüey158247652218855651940325217774220487234472197958280114
Ciego de Ávila7404531799412099321360291775192516510695423862210819
Cienfuegos40153813024113919914671458112984126546744526966430
Ciudad de la Habana82667136831175813339819795047528080111868
Granma8687703339223571354384797213116612699229310492776500
Guantánamo617680416023396857724518641741816199410090001744062052242
Holguín87304732166831024840667651126192214810678699394116026
Isla de la Juventud253354121363131220966070880591912328844431418596
La Habana1966343340637664303105191126119700767977268
Las Tunas6574261690471726031157860169642672357044817920110
Matanzas11749123422414344602828777783193871810770712030891955
Mayabeque36904884768947298998301106266784148211310216971
Pinar del Río1106732559154560221719427181286393349355186406994290427
Sancti Spíritus6390981925402162002199293111416598139221257446135670
Santiago de Cuba642982380842359874586767311543764212209123253213154011
Villa Clara91838222402826241122792608102204640711368958741182375

 

 

Archived forest data for Cuba | Forest data for Cuba

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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