STATISTICS: Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic

28.4% —or about 1,376,000 hectares—of Dominican Republic is forested.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Dominican Republic had no significant change or no reported in forest cover.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Dominican Rep has some 415 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 14.5% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 14.9% are threatened. Dominican Rep is home to at least 5657 species of vascular plants, of which 31.8% are endemic. 22.9% of Dominican Rep is protected under IUCN categories I-V.


Dominican Republic: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)4,838,000
Total Forest Area (ha)1,376,000
Percent Forest Cover28.44%
Primary Forest Cover (ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Primary Forest, % total land-
Other wooded land (ha)678,000

Dominican Republic : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)100%
Subtropical (% forest area)0%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)0%

Dominican Republic: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)--
Modified natural (ha | %)--
Semi-natural (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)--

Dominican Republic: Change in Forest Cover
Forest 1990 (ha)1,376,000
Forest 2000 (ha)1,376,000
Forest 2005 (ha)1,376,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
Primary 1990 (ha)-
Primary 2000 (ha)-
Primary 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
Other 1990 (ha)678,000
Other 2000 (ha)678,000
Other 2005 (ha)678,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)2,054,000
Other 2000 (ha)2,054,000
Other 2005 (ha)2,054,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!

Dominican Republic: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)0
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)0.00%

Dominican Republic: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)-
Protection (%)-
Conservation (%)-
Social Services (%)-
Multiple Services (%)-
None of Unknown (%)-

Dominican Republic: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)-
Insects (ha)-
Diseases (ha)-
Other (ha)-

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Dominican Republic: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species-
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered2
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Number endemic1800
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatened30

Dominican Republic: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)132
Below-ground biomass (M t)32
Dead wood (M t)24
Total (M t)188
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)66
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)16
Carbon in dead wood (M t)12
Carbon in litter (M t)-
Soil carbon (M t)-
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)7
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)639
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)646
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)1
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)-
Exudates (t)-
Other plant products (t)-
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)-
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)-
Wood fuel (US$)-
Non-wood forest products (US$)-
Total value (US$)-
Total value ($USD/ha)$-
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employedn.s.

Dominican Republic : Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002
Woodfuel ('000 cubic m), 2002
Industrial roundwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Sawnwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Wood-based panels ('000 cubic m), 2002
Pulp for paper ('000 metric tons), 2002
Paper and paperboard ('000 metric tons), 2002
Dominican Republic: Environment
Environment - current issueswater shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Natural hazardslies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts

Dominican Republic: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 22.65%
permanent crops: 10.33%
other: 67.02% (2001)
Natural resourcesnickel, bauxite, gold, silver

Dominican Republic: Economy
Economy - overview:The Dominican Republic is a Caribbean representative democracy which enjoyed GDP growth of more than 7% in 1998-2000. Growth subsequently plummeted as part of the global economic slowdown. Although the country has long been viewed primarily as an exporter of sugar, coffee, and tobacco, in recent years the service sector has overtaken agriculture as the economy's largest employer, due to growth in tourism and free trade zones. The country suffers from marked income inequality; the poorest half of the population receives less than one-fifth of GNP, while the richest 10% enjoys nearly 40% of national income. Growth turned negative in 2003 with reduced tourism, a major bank fraud, and limited growth in the US economy (the source of about 85% of export revenues), but recovered in 2004 and 2005. Resumption of a badly needed IMF loan, slowed due to government repurchase of electrical power plants, is basic to the restoration of social and economic stability. Newly elected President FERNANDEZ in mid-2004 promised belt-tightening reform. His administration has passed tax reform and arranged a $600 million IMF standby arrangement in March 20005 to ease the country's fiscal situation. Although the economy continues to grow at a respectable rate, inflation and unemployment remain the two biggest challenges.
GDP - per capita$6,500 (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)4.1% (2005 est.)
Agriculture - productssugarcane, coffee, cotton, cocoa, tobacco, rice, beans, potatoes, corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy products, beef, eggs
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 10.7%, industry: 31.5%, services: 57.8% (2003)
Industries tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco
Economic aid - recipient$239.6 million (1995)
Debt - external$7.907 billion (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line (%)25%
Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 17%, industry 24.3%, services and government 58.7% (1998 est.)

Dominican Republic: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)8,950,034
Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.29%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)185.0
Percent rural (2003)40.7%
Median age (years)total: 23.88 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.86 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)white 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%

[an error occurred while processing this directive] Dominican Republic: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use901,800 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular2,120,400 (2003)
Roadways (km)total: 12,600 km
paved: 6,224 km
unpaved: 6,376 km (1999)

Dominican Republic: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 71.44 years
male: 69.94 years
female: 73.03 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate32.38 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)1.7% (2003 est.)

Dominican Republic : References & Data Sources

 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of

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