Deforestation statistics for Ghana

Total land area: Ghana

Total land areaha
Land area23,878,697
Tree cover in 20186,311,781

 

Forest and tree cover extent: Ghana

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Ghana. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
20006,972,040
20011,090,291
20101,064,4647,050,775
20181,009,2756,311,781
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
16%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
26.4%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Ghana

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for Ghana by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200143,742
20024,43878,576
20031,87525,024
20041,58317,659
20053,40617,659
20063,65427,206
20073,01640,265
20082,67037,934
20093,53838,342
20101,64819,548
20112,77236,333
20122,50136,708
20135,11281,417
20147,456120,579
20153,62157,530
201613,749119,534
20177,689115,578
201812,289151,767
Primary loss 2002-201881,015
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
1,021,659
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
7.9%
Percent loss
2001-2018
7.4%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
2,869.61 34,596
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
6,898.62 89,931

 

Biodiversity data: Ghana

Species count by taxa for Ghana. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds681
Amphibians89
Reptiles182
Fishes694
Mammals257
Vascular plants3725

 

Conservation data: Ghana

Data on threatened species in Ghana as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)21
Threatened birds (2018)23
Threatened fishes (2018)58
Threatened higher plants (2018)119

 

Protected areas data: Ghana

Data on threatened species in Ghana as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
15.1
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for Ghana

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
10238786971836431776.90%1733046872.60%1633833668.40%14604318.00%8113546830124017
15238786971330838055.70%1365044157.20%1272083953.30%137394110.30%7633044434116200
2023878697824951034.50%906028037.90%826612534.60%119177314.40%662103976299269
2523878697793789833.20%855366435.80%777436432.60%117002714.70%650023907397413
3023878697697204029.20%705077529.50%633132926.50%108918515.60%605103697489931
5023878697426360117.90%361915215.20%317042013.30%74546217.50%414152967356092
75238786972077980.90%1694570.70%1566070.70%6036629.10%335447521606

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Ghana

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
1023878697183643171733046827691710241801486011000825633027244118348469
152387869713308380136504412438642414176876830982649132427421418015234
2023878697824951090602801932440346166480761924893130521472516956374
2523878697793789885536641891933697165002544916680830250470416805817
3023878697697204070507751759086181159096530883869629167696616204276
5023878697426360136191521262275298124291563690508722786782512659324
75238786972077981694578067802412644555702475231816921287872

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in Ghana

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Ashanti249655215371101517508134599054%24169216%13,427701745%7,01717151811%21,440
Brong Ahafo39555599190401141352104711526%12773514%7,096334984%3,350942378%11,780
Central96817174875371392363009165%14555919%8,087617278%6,1738383212%10,479
Eastern185427095994891443180688844%14660015%8,144390574%3,90610754312%13,443
Greater Accra370222792712975120303%178623%9984111%849457%118
Northern6956980417947352472191%164939%92151636%1521330%17
Upper East862601182782780%1478%11478%100%-
Upper West1893731637927910%5994%35892%610%-
Volta205679944544747588945374822%292667%1,62671252%713221415%2,768
Western246381223495552226275198717981%39482517%21,9351557297%15,57323909611%29,887

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in Ghana

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Ashanti24965521537110151750835755555459043528328019618660745047848
Brong Ahafo395555991904011413521878771392657331614762958184852298558
Central96817174875371392320582428441543517230797319129142801797
Eastern185427095994891443122323301635041132194673010935603013192
Greater Accra3702227927129751401188328670182591710119707
Northern695698041794735281876833536618631308653339
Upper East86260118278398734931943482
Upper West1893731637921387813473749129368
Volta2056799445447475889889811695786378321465156124528142
Western246381223495552226275693377198123008093683378351621688923302

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in Ghana

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Ashanti24965521537110151750819503030112732205559178919810178582753372
Brong Ahafo39555599190401141352102478437111144945318052524464461253759
Central96817174875371392311226779115022660105125889510434081528253
Eastern18542709599489144311217634601271911335210618535964881643560
Greater Accra370222792712975764285961792789960932810749
Northern695698041794735244660010718293010163168361822
Upper East86260118278217611819051061901
Upper West1893731637927570122734740870537
Volta205679944544747588948535184109315620117534585158288077
Western24638122349555222627537820574516167095322372751828157284867256

 

 

Archived forest data for Ghana | Forest data for Ghana

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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