27.4% —or about 6,724,000 hectares—of Guinea is forested. Of this, 0.9% —or roughly 63,000 hectares—is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse form of forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Guinea lost an average of 50,400 hectares of forest per year. The amounts to an average annual deforestation rate of 0.68%. Between 2000 and 2005, the rate of forest change decreased by 23.4% to 0.52% per annum. In total, between 1990 and 2005, Guinea lost 9.2% of its forest cover, or around 684,000 hectares. Measuring the total rate of habitat conversion (defined as change in forest area plus change in woodland area minus net plantation expansion) for the 1990-2005 interval, Guinea lost 5.3% of its forest and woodland habitat.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Guinea has some 998 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.6% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.4% are threatened. Guinea is home to at least 3000 species of vascular plants, of which 2.9% are endemic. 0.2% of Guinea is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

Guinea Environmental profile


Guinea: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)24,572,000
Total Forest Area (ha)6,724,000
Percent Forest Cover27.36%
Primary Forest Cover (ha)63,000
Primary Forest, % total forest0.94%
Primary Forest, % total land0.26%
Other wooded land (ha)5,850,000

Guinea : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)100%
Subtropical (% forest area)0%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)0%

Guinea: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)63,0000.9%
Modified natural (ha | %)6,568,00097.7%
Semi-natural (ha | %)60,0000.9%
Production plantation (ha | %)30,0000.4%
Production plantation (ha | %)3,0000.0%

Guinea: Change in Forest Cover
Forest 1990 (ha)7,408,000
Forest 2000 (ha)6,904,000
Forest 2005 (ha)6,724,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(50,400)-0.68%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(36,000)-0.52%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(684,000)-9.23%
Change in rate (%)-23.36%
Primary 1990 (ha)63,000
Primary 2000 (ha)63,000
Primary 2005 (ha)63,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
Other 1990 (ha)5,850,000
Other 2000 (ha)5,850,000
Other 2005 (ha)5,850,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
Other 1990 (ha)17,000
Other 2000 (ha)22,000
Other 2005 (ha)33,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)5002.94%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)2,20010.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)16,00094.12%
Change in rate (%)240.00%
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)13,241,000
Other 2000 (ha)12,732,000
Other 2005 (ha)12,541,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(50,900)-0.38%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(38,200)-0.30%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(700,000)-5.29%
Change in rate (%)-21.95%

Guinea: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)63,000
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)63,000
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)0.26%

Guinea: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)1.5%
Protection (%)7.3%
Conservation (%)44.7%
Social Services (%)-
Multiple Services (%)-
None of Unknown (%)46.5%

Guinea: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)-
Insects (ha)-
Diseases (ha)-
Other (ha)-

Guinea: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 200512
World Heritage sites, 20041
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land0.2%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land0.21%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20040.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 20046.16%

Guinea: Biodiversity - Wildlife
total species48
endemic species4
threatened species5
total species640
endemic species0
threatened species10
total species215
endemic species0
threatened species18
total species95
endemic species2
threatened species1
Wildlife diversity
total species998
endemic species6
threatened species34

Guinea: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species-
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered0
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Number endemic88
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatened22

Guinea: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)1,026
Below-ground biomass (M t)246
Dead wood (M t)122
Total (M t)1,394
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)513
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)123
Carbon in dead wood (M t)61
Carbon in litter (M t)-
Soil carbon (M t)-
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)748
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)13,253
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)14,001
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)3
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)-
Exudates (t)-
Other plant products (t)-
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)-
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)-
Wood fuel (US$)-
Non-wood forest products (US$)-
Total value (US$)-
Total value ($USD/ha)$-
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employed-

Guinea : Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002
Woodfuel ('000 cubic m), 2002
Industrial roundwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Sawnwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Wood-based panels ('000 cubic m), 2002
Pulp for paper ('000 metric tons), 2002
Paper and paperboard ('000 metric tons), 2002
Guinea: Environment
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season

Guinea: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 3.63%
permanent crops: 2.58%
other: 93.79% (2001)
Natural resourcesbauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt

Guinea: Economy
Economy - overview:Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains an underdeveloped nation. The country possesses almost half of the world's bauxite reserves and is the second-largest bauxite producer. The mining sector accounted for over 70% of exports in 2004. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty. Fighting along the Sierra Leonean and Liberian borders, as well as refugee movements, have caused major economic disruptions, aggravating a loss in investor confidence. Panic buying has created food shortages and inflation and caused riots in local markets. Guinea is not receiving multilateral aid. The IMF and World Bank cut off most assistance in 2003. Growth rose slightly in 2005, primarily due to increases in global demand and commodity prices on world markets.
GDP - per capita$2,200 (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)2% (2005 est.)
Agriculture - productsrice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 23.7%, industry: 36.2%, services: 40.1% (2005 est.)
Industries bauxite, gold, diamonds; alumina refining; light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries
Economic aid - recipient$237.5 million (2003)
Debt - external$3.46 billion (2003 est.)
Population below poverty line (%)40% (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 80%, industry and services 20% (2000 est.)

Guinea: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)9,467,866
Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.37%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)38.5
Percent rural (2003)65.1%
Median age (years)total: 17.67 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)5.83 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%

Largest Cities in Guinea

Cities and urban areas in Guinea with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population

 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of

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