41.5% —or about 4,648,000 hectares—of Honduras is forested. Of this, 32.5% —or roughly 1,512,000 hectares—is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse form of forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Honduras lost an average of 195,500 hectares of forest per year. The amounts to an average annual deforestation rate of 2.65%. Between 2000 and 2005, the rate of forest change increased by 8.8% to 2.88% per annum. In total, between 1990 and 2005, Honduras lost 37.1% of its forest cover, or around 2,737,000 hectares. Measuring the total rate of habitat conversion (defined as change in forest area plus change in woodland area minus net plantation expansion) for the 1990-2005 interval, Honduras lost 30.1% of its forest and woodland habitat.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Honduras has some 1214 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 6.9% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 6.5% are threatened. Honduras is home to at least 5680 species of vascular plants, of which 2.6% are endemic. 4.7% of Honduras is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

Honduras Environmental profile | Honduras pictures


Honduras: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)11,189,000
Total Forest Area (ha)4,648,000
Percent Forest Cover41.54%
Primary Forest Cover (ha)1,512,000
Primary Forest, % total forest32.53%
Primary Forest, % total land13.51%
Other wooded land (ha)710,000

Honduras : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)100%
Subtropical (% forest area)0%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)0%

Honduras: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)1,512,00032.5%
Modified natural (ha | %)2,261,00048.6%
Semi-natural (ha | %)845,00018.2%
Production plantation (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)30,0000.6%

Honduras: Change in Forest Cover
Forest 1990 (ha)7,385,000
Forest 2000 (ha)5,430,000
Forest 2005 (ha)4,648,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(195,500)-2.65%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(156,400)-2.88%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(2,737,000)-37.06%
Change in rate (%)8.80%
Primary 1990 (ha)1,512,000
Primary 2000 (ha)1,512,000
Primary 2005 (ha)1,512,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
Other 1990 (ha)271,000
Other 2000 (ha)559,000
Other 2005 (ha)710,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)28,80010.63%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)30,2005.40%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)439,000161.99%
Change in rate (%)-49.16%
Other 1990 (ha)31,000
Other 2000 (ha)26,000
Other 2005 (ha)30,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(500)-1.61%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)8003.08%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(1,000)-3.23%
Change in rate (%)-290.77%
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)7,625,000
Other 2000 (ha)5,963,000
Other 2005 (ha)5,328,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)(166,200)-2.18%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)(127,000)-2.13%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)(2,297,000)-30.12%
Change in rate (%)-2.29%

Honduras: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)1,512,000
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)1,512,000
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)13.51%

Honduras: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)75.0%
Private (%)25.0%
Other (%)0.0%
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)75.0%
Private (%)25.0%
Other (%)0.0%
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)41.7%
Protection (%)1.7%
Conservation (%)32.5%
Social Services (%)0.8%
Multiple Services (%)23.3%
None of Unknown (%)0.0%

Honduras: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)1.01%
Insects (ha)0.02%
Diseases (ha)-
Other (ha)-

Honduras: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 20055
World Heritage sites, 20042
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land4.7%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land3.54%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20041.18%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 200416.20%

Honduras: Biodiversity - Wildlife
total species101
endemic species40
threatened species53
total species699
endemic species8
threatened species6
total species201
endemic species3
threatened species10
total species213
endemic species33
threatened species10
Wildlife diversity
total species1214
endemic species84
threatened species79

Honduras: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species400
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered43
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Number endemic148
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatened111

Honduras: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)-
Below-ground biomass (M t)-
Dead wood (M t)-
Total (M t)-
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in dead wood (M t)-
Carbon in litter (M t)-
Soil carbon (M t)-
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)1,009
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)14,567
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)15,576
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)3
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)2
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)100
Exudates (t)4,000
Other plant products (t)2
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)-
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)$18,132,000
Wood fuel (US$)$40,642,000
Non-wood forest products (US$)$4,117,000
Total value (US$)$62,891,000
Total value ($USD/ha)$14
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employed63,000

Honduras : Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002
Woodfuel ('000 cubic m), 2002
Industrial roundwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Sawnwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Wood-based panels ('000 cubic m), 2002
Pulp for paper ('000 metric tons), 2002
Paper and paperboard ('000 metric tons), 2002
Honduras: Environment
Environment - current issuesurban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water), as well as several rivers and streams, with heavy metals
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Natural hazardsfrequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast

Honduras: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 9.55%
permanent crops: 3.22%
other: 87.23% (2001)
Natural resourcestimber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower

Honduras: Economy
Economy - overview:Honduras, one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere with an extraordinarily unequal distribution of income and massive unemployment, is banking on expanded trade under the U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and on debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative. The country has met most of its macroeconomic targets, and began a three-year IMF Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PGRF) program in February 2004. Growth remains dependent on the economy of the US, its largest trading partner, on commodity prices, particularly coffee, and on reduction of the high crime rate.
GDP - per capita$2,900 (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)4% (2005 est.)
Agriculture - productsbananas, coffee, citrus; beef; timber; shrimp
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 12.7%, industry: 31.2%, services: 56.1% (2005 est.)
Industries sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products
Economic aid - recipient$557.8 million (1999)
Debt - external$4.675 billion (2005 est.)
Population below poverty line (%)53% (1993 est.)
Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 34%, industry 21%, services 45% (2001 est.)

Honduras: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)6,975,204
Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.16%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)62.3
Percent rural (2003)54.4%
Median age (years)total: 19.15 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.87 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%

Largest Cities in Honduras

Cities and urban areas in Honduras with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
San Pedro SulaHonduras486800633400
La CeibaHonduras112700112700
El ProgresoHonduras111300111300

 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of

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