STATISTICS: Hong Kong


Hong Kong

[an error occurred while processing this directive]






Books

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Hong Kong: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 20050
World Heritage sites, 20040
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land0.0%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land0.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 200415.14%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 20048.88%


Hong Kong: Biodiversity - Wildlife
Amphibians
total species23
endemic species4
threatened species3
Birds
total species306
endemic species18
threatened species20
Mammals
total species57
endemic species2
threatened species1
Reptiles
total species76
endemic species4
threatened species1
Wildlife diversity
total species462
endemic species28
threatened species25


[an error occurred while processing this directive]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Hong Kong: Environment
Environment - current issuesair and water pollution from rapid urbanization
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Marine Dumping (associate member)
Natural hazardsoccasional typhoons


Hong Kong: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 5.05%
permanent crops: 1.01%
other: 93.94% (2001)
Natural resourcesoutstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar


Hong Kong: Economy
Economy - overview:Hong Kong has a free market, entrepot economy, highly dependent on international trade. Natural resources are limited, and food and raw materials must be imported. Gross imports and exports (i.e., including reexports to and from third countries) each exceed GDP in dollar value. Even before Hong Kong reverted to Chinese administration on 1 July 1997, it had extensive trade and investment ties with China. Hong Kong has been further integrating its economy with China because China's growing openness to the world economy has made manufacturing in China much more cost effective. Hong Kong's reexport business to and from China is a major driver of growth. Per capita GDP is comparable to that of the four big economies of Western Europe. GDP growth averaged a strong 5% from 1989 to 2005, but Hong Kong suffered two recessions in the past eight years because of the Asian financial crisis in 1997-1998 and the global downturn in 2001-2002. Although the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak also battered Hong Kong's economy, a solid rise in exports, a boom in tourism from the mainland because of China's easing of travel restrictions, and a return of consumer confidence resulted in the resumption of strong growth from late 2003 through 2005.
GDP - per capita$36,800 (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)7% (2005 est.)
Agriculture - productsfresh vegetables, poultry, fish, pork
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 0.1%, industry: 10%, services: 89.9% (2005 est.)
Industries textiles, clothing, tourism, banking, shipping, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks
Population below poverty line (%)NA
Debt - external$416.5 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
Labor force - by occupation (%)manufacturing 7.5%, construction 2.9%, wholesale and retail trade, restaurants, and hotels 43.7%, financing, insurance, and real estate 19.2%, transport and communications 7.9%, community and social services 18.5%


Hong Kong: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)6,898,686
Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.65%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)6,620.6
Median age (years)total: 39.4 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)0.91 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)Chinese 95%, other 5%


[an error occurred while processing this directive] Hong Kong: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use3,801,300 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular7,241,400 (2003)
Roadways (km)total: 1,831 km
paved: 1,831 km (1999)


Hong Kong: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 81.5 years
male: 78.81 years
female: 84.41 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate2.97 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2003 est.)

Hong Kong : References & Data Sources


 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



Tropical rainforest information

 World Rainforests
 Rainforest Structure
 Rainforest Biodiversity
 Canopy
 Forest Floor
 Rainforest Waters
 Indigenous People
 Deforestation
 Global Importance


 Rainforest Conservation
 Country Reports update soon
 References
 Deforestation Tables
 The Amazon Rainforest update soon
 The Congo Rainforest update soon
 Deforestation in Brazil
 Rainforest Images




Google
  Web
mongabay.com
Mongabay Rainforests
Mongabay News
Mongabay Photos

what's new | rainforests home | help support the site | madagascar | search | about | contact

Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2006

"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site.
Same for "rainforests" and "rain forests". "Jungle" is generally not used.