Deforestation statistics for India



Total land area: India

Total land areaha
Land area315,797,189
Tree cover in 201833,414,891

 

Forest and tree cover extent: India

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for India. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200038,887,201
200110,185,436
201010,047,05034,484,183
20189,874,81233,414,891
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
30%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
10.6%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: India

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for India by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200162,441
200211,71853,035
200310,84647,782
200419,16674,217
200515,14874,217
200615,12667,494
200717,20873,976
200820,70286,045
200917,11279,339
201011,36151,384
201116,28788,585
201218,80495,181
201314,39980,943
201421,942139,241
201520,997116,374
201630,936175,478
201729,563189,677
201819,310132,429
Primary loss 2002-2018310,624
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
1,625,397
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
19.1%
Percent loss
2001-2018
3.0%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
15,376.23 66,993
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
21,529.71 127,239

 

Biodiversity data: India

Species count by taxa for India. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds1211
Amphibians434
Reptiles689
Fishes2583
Mammals412
Vascular plants18664

 

Conservation data: India

Data on threatened species in India as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)93
Threatened birds (2018)93
Threatened fishes (2018)227
Threatened higher plants (2018)396

 

Protected areas data: India

Data on threatened species in India as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
6
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for India

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
103157971894916590015.60%4342523413.80%4232577613.40%17807883.60%9893368133137432
153157971894502318114.30%3904363512.40%3797219312.00%17442773.90%9690467284133930
203157971894376800013.90%3843251812.20%3737447311.80%17265933.90%9592266855132256
253157971894179877413.20%3711426311.80%3607004411.40%17057864.10%9476666157130527
303157971893888720112.30%3448418310.90%3346627510.60%16761884.30%9312265828127239
50315797189305076229.70%238325477.50%229345997.30%14940244.90%8300159608112244
75315797189168115815.30%135866514.30%130600104.10%9543745.70%530214277365830

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for India

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
103157971894916590043425234187324431693645072932025040566826335637125742
153157971894502318139043635178171770043603802002002112266069713236705396
203157971894376800038432518175174821913583320871990733865694222836496790
253157971894179877437114263170160531653557969821976649965229450736238584
303157971893888720134484183162909888543521966861956648364569395035871886
503157971893050762223832547136857692333261659461812033059797088533220605
75315797189168115811358665185200290632289629391272016341976536923320298

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in India

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Andaman and Nicobar76730768519968019267694188%168972%939136462%1,36532510%406
Andhra Pradesh16023918110776210005839844986%311813%1,732150961%1,510160852%2,011
Arunachal Pradesh821109063149146119808600889473%2000343%11,113891201%8,9121109142%13,864
Assam786638727559452570919243655931%2392529%13,2921048924%10,4891343605%16,795
Bihar94449531542722060402058062%11941%669601%962340%29
Chandigarh119017059409408%132%1132%100%-
Chhattisgarh1356479826680562288223226597817%428392%2,380205941%2,059222451%2,781
Dadra and Nagar Haveli494554592602601%00%-00%-00%-
Daman and Diu847518330%00%-00%-00%-
Goa37061614680511710211670831%6890%382950%303940%49
Gujarat1860638317968703169960%890%5540%5350%4
Haryana44124934283240183401151%3911%223231%32680%9
Himachal Pradesh556824513688731149441114826121%44700%24832900%32911800%148
Jammu and Kashmir1057736110747098738268731368%39490%21932590%3266900%86
Jharkhand80192055575533174203159054%50481%28035331%35315150%189
Karnataka1916741122796071884633186458710%385872%2,144185411%1,854200461%2,506
Kerala376738425922882270278222950959%577382%3,208169691%1,697407692%5,096
Lakshadweep37520000%0-0-0-
Madhya Pradesh3085272310800258682748650613%84231%46852100%52132130%402
Maharashtra3077611710753258807658733323%166482%92592151%92274331%929
Manipur223732317065561711044159470771%16593310%9,219495963%4,9601163377%14,542
Meghalaya225650116868191595555147915966%16817110%9,343517753%5,1781163967%14,550
Mizoram212977419359841814071165405278%20003810%11,113400192%4,0021600199%20,002
NCT of Delhi1505792631221210%125%1114%111%-
Nagaland166412713134291319972119746472%19925715%11,070767496%7,6751225089%15,314
Odisha1559070726852261920233186577412%981744%5,454437152%4,372544593%6,807
Puducherry5544169805616554810%1212%7531%5681%9
Punjab50344477496869582693411%12402%699991%1002410%30
Rajasthan3422821612049412240840%2372%131992%20381%5
Sikkim70961825077925409725350236%11870%665920%595950%74
Tamil Nadu13056364123391410013729907348%221782%1,232115401%1,154106381%1,330
Telangana114842266645315040434861324%402086%2,234222973%2,230179114%2,239
Tripura105712267140757157852723450%8047712%4,471361335%3,613443448%5,543
Uttar Pradesh241243203606873706323692552%41841%23228071%28113770%172
Uttarakhand538958419519271733960172772832%143291%79680970%81062320%779
West Bengal85588664083673322633279514%130003%72286882%86943121%539

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in India

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Andaman and Nicobar7673076851996801923451648698339320463296695636172870
Andhra Pradesh160239181107762100058335935098710670758592820524028678810
Arunachal Pradesh821109063149146119808338192185282675708459309537512175645442
Assam78663872755945257091999030620883374867463193737353265752701
Bihar944495315427220604058764330434714241513412611682
Chandigarh11901705940177328345019232821
Chhattisgarh135647982668056228822395872575715130887840605749960953911
Dadra and Nagar Haveli494554592601668801136110
Daman and Diu8475183569626103
Goa37061614680511710257389801262199145671186617943
Gujarat18606383179687031636296336968205424621544
Haryana44124934283240183164713751220396780100192731
Himachal Pradesh556824513688731149441595442128191851210658414356660356
Jammu and Kashmir10577361107470987382642593081015811998784412871336758
Jharkhand8019205557553317420188537058195530310862814383464620
Karnataka191674112279607188463394352858915516510862028794143946886
Kerala37673842592288227027810650014512348491113047177011252059207
Lakshadweep37520000000
Madhya Pradesh3085272310800258682743883266322990690166149184295143468
Maharashtra3077611710753258807653691346525589938310552315623304213
Manipur22373231706556171104479225034769025745383476421267955969725
Meghalaya22565011686819159555566972847365577152364317522253665415437
Mizoram21297741935984181407183651277677630597431281116471797644851
NCT of Delhi15057926312260898285915924749
Nagaland16641271313429131997262797701985128688472937232831736537120
Odisha155907072685226192023398690819834790872193282616305782310637
Puducherry5544169805616230305043004238919902888
Punjab503444774968695822248141734518419177277218497
Rajasthan34228216120494122426756983460463770151664
Sikkim709618250779254097120225845519109288392702031113
Tamil Nadu13056364123391410013724134075327889275438293436443440606
Telangana114842266645315040431918957819883250549069549991547918
Tripura105712267140757157824059162329747029165261313827411989952
Uttar Pradesh241243203606873706321586209111451238806249687660310
Uttarakhand5389584195192717339609309175005705732316985317260316641
West Bengal85588664083673322631421305493782644210147258839149282

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in India

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Andaman and Nicobar767307685199680192188271746275454872425270737943894293
Andhra Pradesh16023918110776210005831960096291775820419323357285833370261
Arunachal Pradesh821109063149146119808184468464729245095843250532520461193079332
Assam78663872755945257091954016702119645477207252651220374513137837
Bihar94449531542722060403205327020823711513173186146371
Chandigarh1190170594096724137188210517911
Chhattisgarh13564798266805622882235229413251968253199458511409068520315
Dadra and Nagar Haveli494554592609102519862360
Daman and Diu8475183310717714102
Goa37061614680511710231303528213143018794564729787
Gujarat1860638317968703134707091932016411201343842
Haryana44124934283240183898438621066567369854651489
Himachal Pradesh5568245136887311494413247866172371046462581377830932922
Jammu and Kashmir105773611074709873826232325897216862471479157020720050
Jharkhand80192055575533174201028383921841066533592527845535248
Karnataka19167411227960718846335146519592268463535470196433168516482
Kerala376738425922882270278580909883224128099517116643824321123204
Lakshadweep37520000000
Madhya Pradesh30852723108002586827421181452619616312689062610052378255
Maharashtra3077611710753258807652013461731873049063169392172158165935
Manipur22373231706556171104443213655225337650407209168911600703256213
Meghalaya22565011686819159555536530644121635769359198718712138362953875
Mizoram2129774193598418140714562796962364234395923524428984614169918
NCT of Delhi1505792631223321712615608713527
Nagaland16641271313429131997234253292026146433831257965717908223565702
Odisha15590707268522619202335383135602001897684310542698894071260347
Puducherry5544169805616125620918023454130310851575
Punjab503444774968695821226259116418827810460151204634
Rajasthan3422821612049412223277641944552625293827908
Sikkim70961825077925409765577734261283150157311473916971
Tamil Nadu13056364123391410013722254950161834303241239069238060240331
Telangana114842266645315040431046704261585390870299493299995298865
Tripura1057122671407571578131231794195162256559014257542231085428
Uttar Pradesh2412432036068737063286520498240791587439775284232897
Uttarakhand5389584195192717339605077731812603112214172901173051172713
West Bengal855886640836733226377525752190206325511462514118581426

 

 

Archived forest data for India | Forest data for India

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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