Deforestation statistics for Indonesia

Total land area: Indonesia

Total land areaha
Land area189,408,945
Tree cover in 2018143,180,196

 

Forest and tree cover extent: Indonesia

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Indonesia. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
2000160,850,864
200193,837,970
201089,671,644157,998,604
201884,683,971143,180,196
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
59%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
75.6%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Indonesia

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for Indonesia by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
2001744,917
2002271,745856,270
2003248,436545,528
2004479,1531,291,467
2005478,4061,291,467
2006468,3821,434,724
2007525,9931,389,495
2008469,4071,398,066
2009683,8281,947,257
2010540,9761,280,641
2011613,9061,545,060
2012855,5342,262,504
2013472,9911,140,308
2014736,7981,896,006
2015666,6411,747,954
2016928,6602,424,326
2017373,2551,301,946
2018339,8881,219,663
Primary loss 2002-20189,154,000
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
24,972,682
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
36.7%
Percent loss
2001-2018
9.8%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
462,925.13 1,217,983
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
623,459.19 1,692,221

 

Biodiversity data: Indonesia

Species count by taxa for Indonesia. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds1711
Amphibians365
Reptiles755
Fishes4772
Mammals670
Vascular plants29375

 

Conservation data: Indonesia

Data on threatened species in Indonesia as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)191
Threatened birds (2018)160
Threatened fishes (2018)166
Threatened higher plants (2018)458

 

Protected areas data: Indonesia

Data on threatened species in Indonesia as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
12.2
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for Indonesia

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
1018940894516532053787.30%16299350186.10%14926949678.80%2583954915.60%143553112115541715501
1518940894516385463786.50%16098457485.00%14731489177.80%2577270815.70%143181712103031708710
2018940894516299703086.10%16030570484.60%14668372877.40%2571207815.80%142844912090101702747
2518940894516209557385.60%15917918884.00%14558746976.90%2567377515.80%142632112082061698965
3018940894516085086484.90%15799860483.40%14446083776.30%2560993415.90%142277412072171692221
5018940894515526063982.00%15098443379.70%13778336872.70%2514954916.20%139719711948481650133
7518940894514106701074.50%13709651472.40%12533835566.20%2298298016.30%127683211224821469770

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Indonesia

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
1018940894516532053716299350179926568308574549205831919400310533402003585189000
1518940894516385463716098457479693785959574007328031889296010523467762584637098
2018940894516299703016030570479549654719573501867431861214910514200939584122274
2518940894516209557315917918879393251528573180403431843355710508307415583794856
3018940894516085086415799860479171771888572641827431813434910498433513583246306
5018940894515526063915098443378104612468568450035731580557510421583956578976886
751894089451410670101370965147473239875554378510593021028379969393586553855199

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in Indonesia

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Aceh569655249928094887117451386979%65231513%36,2402790676%27,9073732488%46,656
Bali56190136701039127938815369%64772%36033511%33531261%391
Bangka Belitung16810431334688125763097930558%50585138%28,10322752617%22,75327832522%34,791
Banten93881356275853739551613955%346406%1,924133842%1,338212564%2,657
Bengkulu198554617982301791545160813281%35369920%19,6501702869%17,02918341310%22,927
Gorontalo1207885100490997987591654076%11310811%6,284497735%4,977633356%7,917
Jakarta Raya663191375164216362%191%1131%160%1
Jambi490778644945514383069366251275%153139334%85,07781083618%81,08472055716%90,070
Jawa Barat371765520120991967185193433752%704304%3,913375822%3,758328482%4,106
Jawa Tengah345708315123201458392143721242%452733%2,515240932%2,409211801%2,648
Jawa Timur481609919230051970575193173940%795034%4,417406672%4,067388362%4,855
Kalimantan Barat1470420413653759131005521113837276%331921824%184,401135703810%135,704196218015%245,273
Kalimantan Selatan374695028241272787472235536263%75038227%41,68831827211%31,82743211016%54,014
Kalimantan Tengah1538640914234110138666961228682080%326061023%181,145168073412%168,073157987611%197,485
Kalimantan Timur1961713818564260179718881604447982%318479817%176,93312573897%125,739192740911%240,926
Kepulauan Riau84042969245366955459600671%12208718%6,783485397%4,8547354811%9,194
Lampung335766917868631731934161568048%24401414%13,5561277607%12,7761162547%14,532
Maluku465264841536304146380401044186%2101145%11,673741752%7,4181359393%16,992
Maluku Utara316411930781573063111292824493%2401668%13,3431052993%10,5301348674%16,858
Nusa Tenggara Barat197437511367901170639113366857%611695%3,398241982%2,420369713%4,621
Nusa Tenggara Timur465850923016502194113214000346%1012374%5,624471272%4,713541102%6,764
Papua3141272329591849297485312933215393%6020152%33,4451856371%18,5644163781%52,047
Papua Barat987252894686279432209927541494%2560383%14,224992431%9,9241567952%19,599
Riau900124678573707654674614951668%371018547%206,121220502728%220,503150515820%188,145
Sulawesi Barat166057115161491480880137784983%21084014%11,7131078097%10,7811030317%12,879
Sulawesi Selatan456049630446733018766285515763%2806729%15,5931170634%11,7061636095%20,451
Sulawesi Tengah613208456681245597811521817085%65107611%36,1712714355%27,1443796417%47,455
Sulawesi Tenggara367437031694923156832292213580%43887514%24,3822041786%20,4182346977%29,337
Sulawesi Utara145740013090421290851123875685%974097%5,412453143%4,531520954%6,512
Sumatera Barat422537738181993739422345633182%54138714%30,0772582967%25,8302830918%35,386
Sumatera Selatan871171770468056749649529913361%265225538%147,348120173917%120,174145051621%181,315
Sumatera Utara724222757973055684396508170170%128152822%71,19667883312%67,88360269511%75,337
Yogyakarta31907413367611654011587336%11511%644840%486671%83

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in Indonesia

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Aceh5696552499280948871172551777207274357585152420881202417619264478
Bali5619013670103912791533391502746922152607152798152368
Bangka Belitung1681043133468812576304140366111669327739274043792153210964681
Banten93881356275853739521979794913344453741359545042986755
Bengkulu1985546179823017915459056083731696130389422947822661510918361
Gorontalo1207885100490997987557521073255042525305791823891753893847
Jakarta Raya66319137516422092424751264357148
Jambi4907786449455143830691919951198645943597358857553441390537725568
Jawa Barat37176552012099196718579855458930199775167776517461321592307
Jawa Tengah34570831512320145839255610980218699707103887310489581026265
Jawa Timur48160991923005197057572032322634509421191719019319891898691
Kalimantan Barat14704204136537591310055262172579231312970135729427855557368894654157
Kalimantan Selatan3746950282412727874721058001205256178391142321331124675217963859
Kalimantan Tengah15386409142341101386669666317060601281287957711826646841959174636506
Kalimantan Timur196171381856426017971888998246355714248394607915774856083678108000335
Kepulauan Riau84042969245366955425587346447094292261635019459143454394
Lampung33576691786863173193463379971082884019460466845998644610672
Maluku4652648415363041463802314647773112062276622568239938989015413
Maluku Utara3164119307815730631111788448657135045173750251060180029358144
Nusa Tenggara Barat19743751136790117063949924817024290050134944710481891726021
Nusa Tenggara Timur46585092301650219411383715217637388165207712019133102281883
Papua3141272329591849297485311688518745432472875218040486998104128114793
Papua Barat98725289468627943220959389746821492004378288913588750011290680
Riau90012467857370765467430055854831531509688850838729286899975352462
Sulawesi Barat16605711516149148088079305747898836333549090754204225579014
Sulawesi Selatan4560496304467330187661403073358122208770678937650279138991205
Sulawesi Tengah6132084566812455978113068294848330632010183684451408771323719361
Sulawesi Tenggara367437031694923156832163818265220448298811360166994877013124411
Sulawesi Utara14574001309042129085168130706350793453282185924691443262752
Sumatera Barat4225377381819937394222009026137266103818147835451247657017667265
Sumatera Selatan8711717704680567496492147316209763483765424157653598410550455340
Sumatera Utara7242227579730556843962527876774530584845294769362853809030650493
Yogyakarta31907413367611654040372976434189241221997729302

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in Indonesia

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Aceh56965524992809488711713918784762791496495978313867655864210507897
Bali561901367010391279836395362281498321832408334583109
Bangka Belitung16810431334688125763022583815216991054244505856943208365980736
Banten9388135627585373951198897912137278794404377297296538230
Bengkulu19855461798230179154549396820327592516209513978944872455955470
Gorontalo1207885100490997987531375130731230023191166795513031862123916
Jakarta Raya663191375164211413283259414419581
Jambi4907786449455143830691047246109233352332867195740481877122120577582
Jawa Barat37176552012099196718543557523221616472601915145952435868531
Jawa Tengah34570831512320145839230333262120110199846566658572160559781
Jawa Timur48160991923005197057539290357720418823312104574010538121035649
Kalimantan Barat1470420413653759131005523391231595249716165524397869743031292051629540
Kalimantan Selatan374695028241272787472577091567204139733660776298161345929798468
Kalimantan Tengah1538640914234110138666963617294214254698884338388269083731977640710822
Kalimantan Timur1961713818564260179718885444980124293777185160431769533059109758909274
Kepulauan Riau84042969245366955413956734420225687793142710010614081884214
Lampung33576691786863173193434570893419445209472251163725090182514912
Maluku465264841536304146380126253514830461124874339582621784904917497
Maluku Utara31641193078157306311197551745031773661007409227832825475104442
Nusa Tenggara Barat19743751136790117063927231718224013249113736062571739941465
Nusa Tenggara Timur46585092301650219411345662845819820393549113297510436231244665
Papua31412723295918492974853192101022483111771247769840265544420415335342
Papua Barat987252894686279432209323944073734281382055452122532113636158553
Riau9001246785737076546741639410264209835368923464093855065581741101344
Sulawesi Barat16605711516149148088043257680528553910720299504029565933043099
Sulawesi Selatan45604963044673301876676531273925166659321370329627424984904293
Sulawesi Tengah613208456681245597811167361537129518034473810019152768420812937833
Sulawesi Tenggara367437031694923156832893554175282111536178619645454266027158770
Sulawesi Utara14574001309042129085137162203628427705516153919513468051779683
Sumatera Barat4225377381819937394221095832439287145147534806375268054029636690
Sumatera Selatan8711717704680567496491171263386166416445697231358721962769427521095
Sumatera Utara7242227579730556843961378841878238289409917160783291556623216718450
Yogyakarta31907413367611654022021622165236833131571089715983

 

 

Archived forest data for Indonesia | Forest data for Indonesia

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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