STATISTICS: Macau


Macau

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Books

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Macau: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 20050
World Heritage sites, 20040
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land0.0%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land0.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20040.00%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 20040.00%


Macau: Biodiversity - Wildlife
Amphibians
total species0
endemic species
threatened species0
Birds
total species56
endemic species2
threatened species2
Mammals
total species
endemic species0
threatened species0
Reptiles
total species0
endemic species0
threatened species0
Wildlife diversity
total species-
endemic species2
threatened species2


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Macau: Environment
Environment - current issuesNA
Environment - international agreementstyphoons


Macau: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100%
note: "green areas" represent 22.4% (2001)
Natural resourcesNEGL


Macau: Economy
Economy - overview:Macau's well-to-do economy has remained one of the most open in the world since its reversion to China in 1999. Apparel exports and tourism are mainstays of the economy. Although the territory was hit hard by the 1997-1998 Asian financial crisis and the global downturn in 2001, its economy grew 9.5% in 2002 and 15.6% in 2003. During the first three quarters of 2004, Macau registered year-on-year GDP increases of more than 20 percent. A rapid rise in the number of mainland visitors because of China's easing of restrictions on travel, increased public works expenditures, and significant investment inflows associated with the liberalization of Macau's gaming industry drove the recovery. The budget also returned to surplus in 2002 because of the surge in visitors from China and a hike in taxes on gambling profits, which generated about 70% of government revenue. The three companies awarded gambling licenses have pledged to invest $2.2 billion in the territory, which will boost GDP growth. Much of Macau's textile industry may move to the mainland as the Multi-Fiber Agreement is phased out. The territory may have to rely more on gambling and trade-related services to generate growth. Two new casinos were opened by new foreign gambling licensees in 2004; development of new infrastructure and facilities in preparation for Macau's hosting of the 2005 East Asian Games led the construction sector. The Closer Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) between Macau and mainland China that came into effect on 1 January 2004 offers many Macau-made products tariff-free access to the mainland, and the range of products covered by CEPA was expanded on 1 January 2005.
GDP - per capita$19,400 (2003)
GDP - real growth rate (%)8.2% (2nd Quarter 2005)
Agriculture - productsonly 2% of land area is cultivated, mainly by vegetable growers; fishing, mostly for crustaceans, is important, some of the catch is exported to Hong Kong; most food requirements are met by imports, primarily from China
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 0.1%, industry: 7.2%, services: 92.7% (2002 est.)
Industries tourism, gambling, clothing, textiles, electronics, footwear, toys
Economic aid - recipientNA
Debt - external$2.7 billion (2003)
Population below poverty line (%)NA
Labor force - by occupation (%)manufacturing 18.3%, construction 8%, transport and communications 7%, wholesale and retail trade 16.2%, restaurants and hotels 10.9%, gambling 11.6%, public sector 8.8%, other services and agriculture 19.2% (2003 est.)


Macau: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)449,198
Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.87%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)17,685.0
Median age (years)total: 35.2 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)0.93 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)Chinese 95.7%, Macanese (mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry) 1%, other 3.3% (2001 census)


[an error occurred while processing this directive] Macau: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use174,600 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular364,000 (2003)
Roadways (km)total: 345 km
paved: 345 km (2003)


Macau: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 82.12 years
male: 79.29 years
female: 85.09 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate4.39 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

Macau : References & Data Sources


 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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