Deforestation statistics for Madagascar

Total land area: Madagascar

Total land areaha
Land area59,199,072
Tree cover in 201813,772,127

 

Forest and tree cover extent: Madagascar

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Madagascar. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200017,155,099
20014,853,670
20104,628,24116,450,024
20184,060,52213,772,127
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
29%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
23.3%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Madagascar

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for Madagascar by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200187,015
200227,04589,400
200315,33284,297
200420,28381,899
200522,51781,899
200612,82171,064
200745,970188,679
200823,616123,558
200934,019136,596
201023,825107,271
201154,167162,416
201232,423128,541
201365,211299,515
201478,698416,873
201557,831301,967
201674,991383,864
2017109,612510,639
201894,785366,811
Primary loss 2002-2018793,148
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
3,535,289
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
22.4%
Percent loss
2001-2018
16.3%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
25,047.67 105,168
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
70,964.87 321,328

 

Biodiversity data: Madagascar

Species count by taxa for Madagascar. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds247
Amphibians360
Reptiles434
Fishes1173
Mammals228
Vascular plants9505

 

Conservation data: Madagascar

Data on threatened species in Madagascar as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)121
Threatened birds (2018)37
Threatened fishes (2018)111
Threatened higher plants (2018)1,111

 

Protected areas data: Madagascar

Data on threatened species in Madagascar as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
5.6
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for Madagascar

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
10591990723321248756.10%3214185354.30%2937005349.60%400952512.10%222751123773346475
15591990722652188344.80%2666707345.00%2392354440.40%395640214.90%219800121287342941
20591990721947011432.90%1956200533.00%1691601328.60%377575619.40%209764112976330749
25591990721867079331.50%1852559331.30%1590037126.90%373819720.00%207678111298328153
30591990721715509929.00%1645002427.80%1387939823.40%363409221.20%201894106347321328
50591990721225314420.70%1191612820.10%982208616.60%298221924.30%16567988818261755
755919907258720729.90%639733510.80%55176499.30%135885423.10%7549247917109961

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Madagascar

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
10591990723321248732141853724993527068283890137935495125187133269548407
15591990722652188326667073662851125768023221637790679124709240869282912
20591990721947011419562005579642129066957923837198847122756192668197885
25591990721867079318525593568292434966698168537054538122279975067933319
30591990721715509916450024544632329865877454636598586120775332367097407
50591990721225314411916128442112675858711233432617352107637260459798478
75591990725872072639733524511584873146234671747908257680968032044982

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in Madagascar

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Antananarivo59914603029963186162850215%5661219%3,145230178%2,3023359511%4,199
Antsiranana439265230267832947319254991558%57322219%31,8461758186%17,58239740413%49,676
Fianarantsoa1008759330356782948740251383925%59476320%33,0421598625%15,98643490115%54,363
Mahajanga1517968831774212907542261422217%46993115%26,1071766116%17,66129332010%36,665
Toamasina713300353938165283084420173659%142282026%79,0463414726%34,147108134820%135,169
Toliary1641467622184052044723171466510%51674423%28,7081866868%18,66933005816%41,257

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in Madagascar

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Antananarivo5991460302996318616971804432105477811697109198461482040
Antsiranana439265230267832947319105669263320245944811247747645348317240577
Fianarantsoa1008759330356782948740100337453520914612411619229604285118589701
Mahajanga1517968831774212907542824674216125858886699216049904139494344
Toamasina7133003539381652830841961615190538475808299153231382104950033164
Toliary1641467622184052044723502786281110758279615323839677988885037

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in Madagascar

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Antananarivo59914603029963186165300751617511484427638024501734808385
Antsiranana439265230267832947319576377800190110432429613513535200829403952
Fianarantsoa10087593303567829487405472952011801140797006337761329610110139837
Mahajanga151796883177421290754244982230014268650303381390627220445178733
Toamasina713300353938165283084106997192219829371407816317449753875427290817
Toliary164146762218405204472327424706312360413609335631221642544846384

 

 

Archived forest data for Madagascar | Forest data for Madagascar

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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