Deforestation statistics for Malaysia

Total land area: Malaysia

Total land areaha
Land area32,996,392
Tree cover in 201824,222,112

 

Forest and tree cover extent: Malaysia

Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Malaysia. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
200029,466,663
200115,939,458
201014,819,42928,667,509
201813,430,90524,222,112
Primary/Total tree cover
2018
55%
Tree cover/Total land area
2018
73.4%

 

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Malaysia

Annual loss of primary forest cover and tree cover for Malaysia by year. All area figures are in hectares (ha)
YearPrimary forestTree cover (30%)
2001332,863
200261,820312,861
200360,416184,144
2004113,422351,969
2005114,496351,969
2006113,081334,038
2007142,068405,503
2008139,246368,078
2009235,835623,133
2010139,647431,045
2011161,191463,604
2012244,307628,738
2013106,041333,620
2014230,429646,325
2015154,354454,517
2016185,215565,505
2017162,417483,672
2018144,571438,371
Primary loss 2002-20182,508,553
Tree cover loss
2001-2018
7,377,092
Primary loss/
Total tree cover loss
34.0%
Percent loss
2001-2018
15.7%
Loss/year
(2001/2-2010)
124,447.71 369,560
Loss/year
(2011-2018)
173,565.49 501,794

 

Biodiversity data: Malaysia

Species count by taxa for Malaysia. For consistency, all data for a given group comes from a single source. Amphibians - amphibiaweb; Reptiles - reptile-database; Fish - fishbase; Birds - birdlife; Mammals - IUCN; and Plants - World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
Animal / plant groupSpecies count
Birds718
Amphibians269
Reptiles486
Fishes1938
Mammals336
Vascular plants15500

 

Conservation data: Malaysia

Data on threatened species in Malaysia as of 2018, according to the IUCN Red List.
TaxaSpecies count
Threatened mammals (2018)71
Threatened birds (2018)63
Threatened fishes (2018)87
Threatened higher plants (2018)727

 

Protected areas data: Malaysia

Data on threatened species in Malaysia as of 2017, according to the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) maintained by the United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).
Protected areas (2017)Percentage
Terrestrial protected areas,
% of total land area
19.1
Marine protected areas,
% of territorial waters

 

Tree cover loss data for Malaysia

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
%
land
area
Tree cover
loss 2001-2018
(ha)
% tree
cover loss
since 2000
Avg tree cover
loss/year
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2001-2010
(ha)
Avg loss/year
2011-2018
(ha)
10329963922982280490.40%2911565088.20%2507086976.00%777452426.10%431918372974505598
15329963922970345890.00%2895223387.70%2491683675.50%776208726.10%431227372669504425
20329963922962014789.80%2886753087.50%2483966675.30%775142826.20%430635372356503483
25329963922956779989.60%2877036287.20%2474694975.00%774528126.20%430293372187502927
30329963922946666389.30%2866750986.90%2465315774.70%773363026.20%429646371928501794
50329963922901268887.90%2802552984.90%2405592572.90%766301226.40%425723369341496201
75329963922728363782.70%2639549080.00%2265082868.60%727199426.70%404000352733468083

 

Biomass and land use carbon emissions data for Malaysia

"Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy.

Tree cover
threshold
(%)
Total
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Biomass
loss 2001-18
(Mt)
Avg biomass
loss/year
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
(Mt)
103299639229822804291156501442298635518506097191028116513392784490188488027
153299639229703458289522331440084187018493078791027393273390397794188355433
203299639229620147288675301438450519118481714361026761913388314332188239685
253299639229567799287703621437436673718475102931026394613387102196188172344
303299639229466663286675091435429150418462394341025688573384772232188042902
503299639229012688280255291425350836818375587251020865963368857667187158759
75329963922728363726395490137760827661777242559987356983258278020181015446

 

Tree cover data for subnational administrative areas in Malaysia

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2018 (ha)
% cover
in 2018
Loss
2001-2018
(ha)
% loss
since 2000
Avg loss/year
since 2000
(ha)
Loss 2001-2010
(ha)
loss
between
2000-2010
Avg loss/year 2001-2010
(ha)
Loss 2011-2018
(ha)
loss
between
2011-2018
Avg loss/year 2011-2018
(ha)
Johor191630315963661546157122075764%67193742%37,33034653722%34,65432540021%40,675
Kedah95538067808164269654448657%17654626%9,8087833612%7,8349821015%12,276
Kelantan151629613464101259331105011769%37399628%20,77816478212%16,47820921417%26,152
Kuala Lumpur2732048494118373014%118424%6679616%803889%49
Labuan919143514193366540%79718%442696%2752813%66
Melaka1661191130791089847998548%5282147%2,9352382221%2,3822899927%3,625
Negeri Sembilan66863456136652947040826861%24662444%13,70112542222%12,54212120223%15,150
Pahang359104633004803203947262808773%105078632%58,37747492614%47,49357586018%71,983
Perak208375417596961737618153075073%39140422%21,74518453610%18,45420686812%25,859
Perlis8261027522226501879323%536920%29815125%151385717%482
Pulau Pinang10631246881410053623534%941120%523464110%464477012%596
Putrajaya622016041508127721%59037%3335922%3623115%29
Sabah739050166942726677675590049480%151504323%84,16973786211%73,78677718112%97,148
Sarawak123994481165744811284812981463279%284761124%158,201137743112%137,743147018013%183,773
Selangor78538956594452735246389859%14715626%8,1758370215%8,3706345412%7,932
Trengganu12918691108314107599394798373%24235522%13,46411434510%11,43512801012%16,001

 

Carbon dioxide emissions data for subnational administrative areas in Malaysia

"This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg carbon
emissions/year
2011-18 (Mt)
Johor191630315963661546157624338297247893739137718741317590314516838
Kedah95538067808164269630466819275729150420717532715955376651
Kelantan1516296134641012593316407982411702507529458375733034012118419
Kuala Lumpur27320484941181624632410021227792811216112
Labuan9191435141931582549289857161031015523539
Melaka16611911307910898436372025175756199764238137061179821
Negeri Sembilan66863456136652947022966703592721478515119347534195648411
Pahang3591046330048032039471642576834457223949254013312038134831676308
Perak208375417596961737618799447624144094819800526867736619544776
Perlis82610275222265010672140221291912294059452202300
Pulau Pinang1063124688141005156179892894360160798143481182443
Putrajaya62201604150847763618484110269113978858
Sabah7390501669427266776753232735261688599222382555123479559242580413
Sarawak12399448116574481128481260599386301333390348740772426309573487804127
Selangor78538956594452735221157254148285293268251628464012477660
Trengganu129186911083141075993542201878103015865572310448635676797525

 

Biomass data for subnational administrative areas in Malaysia

This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded.

Administrative areaTotal
area (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2000 (ha)
Tree cover
Extent
in 2010 (ha)
Carbon
biomass
(Mt)
Avg biomass
per ha
(Mt)
Carbon
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-18 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2001-10 (Mt)
Avg annual
emissions
2011-18 (Mt)
Johor191630315963661546157340548162213135214764751193171868567918275
Kedah95538067808164269616618265224541306812229482317845062932719
Kelantan15162961346410125933134952631425992864050515911439983686610047
Kuala Lumpur273204849411888616318322364912425153348789
Labuan9191435141938632091981581038784553912839
Melaka166119113079108984198392861769586704532595443840643539
Negeri Sembilan66863456136652947012527292922350575356280974225927743080952
Pahang359104633004803203947895951001271249394894138552721111710017277987
Perak20837541759696173761843606234124878597169436650936947245206241
Perlis826102752222650582116721212070476705832429110345
Pulau Pinang106312468814100585189031821578746877087826399515
Putrajaya622016041508260529162100821560162174832
Sabah7390501669427266776751763310141263375599581208666431897941423225680
Sarawak1239944811657448112848123305421071284727303833404057693441585547893161
Selangor78538956594452735211540320420426337430146319115525821351451
Trengganu12918691108314107599329574647926756190475312169326528553707741

 

 

Archived forest data for Malaysia | Forest data for Malaysia

 

Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6.

Citation: Mongabay. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com.

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