STATISTICS: Martinique


43.4% —or about 46,000 hectares—of Martinique is forested.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Martinique had no significant change or no reported in forest cover.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Martinique has some 207 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 4.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.3% are threatened. Martinique is home to at least 1287 species of vascular plants, of which 2.3% are endemic. 2.5% of Martinique is protected under IUCN categories I-V.


Martinique: Forest Cover, 2005
Total Land Area (ha)106,000
Total Forest Area (ha)46,000
Percent Forest Cover43.40%
Primary Forest Cover (ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Primary Forest, % total land-
Other wooded land (ha)-

Martinique : Forest types
Tropical (% forest area)100%
Subtropical (% forest area)0%
Temperate (% forest area)0%
Boreal/polar (% forest area)0%

Martinique: Breakdown of forest types, 2005
Primary forest (ha | %)--
Modified natural (ha | %)45,00097.8%
Semi-natural (ha | %)--
Production plantation (ha | %)1,0002.2%
Production plantation (ha | %)--

Martinique: Change in Forest Cover
Forest 1990 (ha)46,000
Forest 2000 (ha)46,000
Forest 2005 (ha)46,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
Primary 1990 (ha)-
Primary 2000 (ha)-
Primary 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
Other 1990 (ha)-
Other 2000 (ha)-
Other 2005 (ha)-
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)--
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)--
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)--
Change in rate (%)-
Other 1990 (ha)1,000
Other 2000 (ha)1,000
Other 2005 (ha)1,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!
Forest area+Wooded Area-Plantations
Other 1990 (ha)45,000
Other 2000 (ha)45,000
Other 2005 (ha)45,000
Annual Change 1990-2000 (ha | %)-0.00%
Annual Change 2000-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Total Change 1990-2005 (ha | %)-0.00%
Change in rate (%)#DIV/0!

Martinique: Primary
Primary or "old-growth" vegetation
Primary Forest 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)-
Other primary wooded land 2005 (ha)0
Undisturbed vegetation 2005 (% land area)0.00%

Martinique: Forest designation
Ownership of forest land, 2000
Public (%)33.1%
Private (%)66.9%
Other (%)0.0%
Ownership of other wooded land, 2000
Public (%)-
Private (%)-
Other (%)-
Designated functions of forest – primary function 2005
Production (%)-
Protection (%)-
Conservation (%)-
Social Services (%)-
Multiple Services (%)-
None of Unknown (%)-

Martinique: Disturbances affecting forest land 2000
Forest Area annually affected by
Fire (%)-
Insects (ha)-
Diseases (ha)-
Other (ha)-

Martinique: Protected areas
Protected areas
Biosphere reserves, 2005
Wetlands of international importance (Ramsar sites), 20050
World Heritage sites, 20040
Protected Areas: IUCN categories I-V, percent of total land2.5%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories Ia, Ib, and II, extent, percent of total land0.73%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories III, IV, and V, percent of total land, 20041.91%
Protected Areas: IUCN categories VI and other, percent of total land, 20040.64%

Martinique: Biodiversity - Wildlife
total species3
endemic species1
threatened species1
total species168
endemic species3
threatened species3
total species18
endemic species1
threatened species0
total species18
endemic species4
threatened species5
Wildlife diversity
total species207
endemic species9
threatened species9

Martinique: Biodiversity - Plants
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Growing stock composition
3 most common species
% of total growing stock
Number of Native tree species
Native tree species-
Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Critically Endangered0
Vascular Plant Species, 2004
Number endemic30
Number of Threatened Plant Species, 2004
Species threatened8

Martinique: Value of forests
Biomass stock in forest, 2005
Above-ground biomass (M t)-
Below-ground biomass (M t)-
Dead wood (M t)-
Total (M t)-
Carbon stock in forest, 2005
Carbon in above-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in below-ground biomass (M t)-
Carbon in dead wood (M t)-
Carbon in litter (M t)-
Soil carbon (M t)-
Change in growing stock 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate (1000 cubic m/yr)
Growing stock per hectare 1990 - 2005
Annual change rate ( cubic m/ha per yr)
Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (1000 cubic m)2,300
Wood fuel (1000 cubic m)11,500
Total wood removal 2005 (1000 cubic m)13,800
Total wood removal 2005 (% of growing stock)-
Plant products 2005
Food (t)-
Fodder (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Raw material for utensils, handicrafts & construction (t)-
Ornamental plants (t)-
Exudates (t)-
Other plant products (t)-
Animal products 2005
Living animals (units)-
Hides, skins and trophies (units)-
Wild honey and bee-wax (t)-
Bush meat (t)-
Raw material for medicine and aromatic products (t)-
Raw material for colorants and dyes (t)-
Other edible animal products (t)-
Other non-edible animal products (t)-
Value of wood and non-wood forest product removal 2005
Industrial roundwood (US$)-
Wood fuel (US$)-
Non-wood forest products (US$)-
Total value (US$)-
Total value ($USD/ha)$-
Employment in forestry 2000
Total people employedn.s.

Martinique : Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002
Woodfuel ('000 cubic m), 2002
Industrial roundwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Sawnwood ('000 cubic m), 2002
Wood-based panels ('000 cubic m), 2002
Pulp for paper ('000 metric tons), 2002
Paper and paperboard ('000 metric tons), 2002
Martinique: Environment
Environment - current issuesNA
Environment - international agreementshurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)

Martinique: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 10.38%
permanent crops: 9.43%
other: 80.19% (2001)
Natural resourcescoastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land

Martinique: Economy
Economy - overview:The economy is based on sugarcane, bananas, tourism, and light industry. Agriculture accounts for about 6% of GDP and the small industrial sector for 11%. Sugar production has declined, with most of the sugarcane now used for the production of rum. Banana exports are increasing, going mostly to France. The bulk of meat, vegetable, and grain requirements must be imported, contributing to a chronic trade deficit that requires large annual transfers of aid from France. Tourism, which employs more than 11,000 people, has become more important than agricultural exports as a source of foreign exchange.
GDP - per capita$14,400 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)NA%
Agriculture - productspineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 6%, industry: 11%, services: 83% (1997 est.)
Industries construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism
Economic aid - recipientNA; note - substantial annual aid from France (1998)
Debt - external$180 million (1994)
Population below poverty line (%)NA
Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 10%, industry 17%, services 73% (1997)

Martinique: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)432,900
Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.76%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)408.4
Percent rural (2003)4.3%
Median age (years)total: 33.61 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.79 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)African and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Chinese less than 5%

[an error occurred while processing this directive] Martinique: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use172,000 est (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular319,900 (2002)
Roadways (km)total: 2,105 km (2000)

Martinique: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 79.04 years
male: 79.43 years
female: 78.64 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate7.09 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA%

Martinique : References & Data Sources

 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005) and the State of the World’s Forests (2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of

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